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ACTION ALERT: Follow US Law and Cut Military Aid to Egypt


August 20, 2013
Robert Naiman / Just Foreign Policy & The Huffington Post

In the wake of the military coup in Egypt and subsequent massacres by the Egyptian military against anti-coup protesters, US law is clear: US aid to the Egyptian military must be cut off until the repression stops and democracy is restored. A petition at MoveOn, urges Congress and the President to comply with US laws that bar US aid to the Egyptian military in light of the coup and repression.

http://petitions.moveon.org/sign/apply-leahy-law-to-egypt?

ACTION ALERT: Follow US Law and Cut Military Aid to Egypt
Robert Naiman / Just Foreign Policy

(August 19, 2013) -- In the wake of the military coup in Egypt and subsequent massacres by the Egyptian military against anti-coup protesters, US law is clear: US aid to the Egyptian military must be cut off until the repression stops and democracy is restored.

But some people are claiming that we can't do that, because the Egyptian military has us "over a barrel" -- they might retaliate by taking away the Pentagon's special privileges in Egypt, requiring advance notice for overflights like the Pentagon gives other countries, or no longer giving Pentagon ships priority over other ships in moving through the Suez Canal.

People can debate how likely such retaliation might be. But even putting that to the side, should we break the law and trash our principles for the Pentagon's convenience?

I wrote about this [see article below] and I set up a petition at MoveOn, urging Congress and the President to comply with US laws that bar US aid to the Egyptian military in light of the coup and repression. You can see the petition, sign and share it here:

ACTION: Apply Leahy Law to Egypt: no US aid to protester-killing police & military.

PETITION STATEMENT
By law, US military and police aid must be cut off to any Egyptian military or police unit that is credibly accused of gross violations of human rights until the allegations have been resolved. We urge Congress and the president to comply with and enforce the Leahy Law as it applies to Egypt.

Thanks for all you do to help make American just and uphold the rule of law.



If We Cut Aid to Egypt's Military, Would We Die?
Robert Naiman / Just Foreign Policy

(August 19, 2013) -- If you're not following the debate about whether US aid to Egypt's military should be cut -- as required by multiple, clear-cut US laws -- in the wake of the military coup that overthrew Egypt's democratically elected President and the subsequent predictable massacres by the Egyptian military of people protesting against the coup, you're missing a great opportunity to learn about how US foreign policy is typically made in the real world in the absence of significant public pressure, as opposed to the fairy tale world in which "we have values, while other countries have interests."

Some may say, "well, I already knew that," but when you consider that every new US war is typically accompanied by a media hysteria about how it's an absolute emergency to bomb, invade and/or occupy country X to prevent massacres and/or protect country X's women, children, and minorities, you realize that until the US becomes a normal country that isn't constantly running around bombing, invading, and occupying other people's countries, the lesson that Washington's professed concern for human rights is, in the absence of public pressure, a direct consequence of other, less publicly marketable interests is a lesson that can't be repeated often enough.

On August 16, the New York Times ran a very instructive "news analysis" about US aid to Egypt's military. Now titled "Ties With Egypt Army Constrain Washington," the article offered reasons why the Pentagon is reluctant for the US to cut aid to Egypt's military.

The first reason offered was this:

"Most nations, including many close allies of the United States, require up to a week's notice before American warplanes are allowed to cross their territory. Not Egypt, which offers near-automatic approval for military overflights, to resupply the war effort in Afghanistan or to carry out counterterrorism operations in the Middle East, Southwest Asia or the Horn of Africa. Losing that route could significantly increase flight times to the region."

The second reason offered was this:

"American warships are also allowed to cut to the front of the line through the Suez Canal in times of crisis, even when oil tankers are stacked up like cars on an interstate highway at rush hour. Without Egypt's cooperation, military missions could take days longer."

The significance of the ease of military overflights is explained with an example:

"For decades the Egyptians have helped the American military in ways that are largely unknown to the American public, said Robert Springborg, a professor at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, Calif., and an expert on the Egyptian military.

Mr. Springborg noted that in the run-up to the invasion of Iraq in 2003 -- after the Turkish Parliament refused to allow the American military to use Turkish territory for crossing into Iraq from the north -- Egypt gave the Pentagon immediate access for two aircraft battle groups and accompanying aircraft through the Suez Canal and across its territory."

Now, surely no-one would dispute that if you are the Pentagon, "near-automatic approval for military overflights" is probably something you really appreciate.

Similarly, who wouldn't want to cut to the front of the line at the Suez Canal? Raise your hand if you like standing in line. I can't stand it! I'd "pay any price, bear any burden" to avoid standing in the security line at a busy airport, or the line at passport control when you come home from a trip abroad. So I don't begrudge the Pentagon its appreciation of its sweetheart deal for US warships at Suez.

But now consider this: suppose that the US cut off aid to Egypt's military, as required by US law, and suppose that in retaliation the Egyptian military said to the Pentagon, "OK, big boy, from now on you have to give us the same notice for overflights as you give everybody else, and your warships have to wait in line at Suez just like all the other ships." And suppose this continued until democracy was restored.

I can certainly see how that would be sad for the Pentagon. But from the point of view of everyone else in America who isn't the Pentagon -- everyone who has to stand in line all the time -- would it be so terrible? Would we die? Could we somehow muddle through?

I haven't noticed the Pentagon doing anything to keep me from having to stand in line. Why should I be willing to sacrifice anything that I care about -- like preventing the Egyptian military from slaughtering protesters, or ensuring that US foreign policy complies with US law -- so that the Pentagon doesn't have to stand in line?

Indeed, if the Pentagon had to stand in line along with everyone else, as someone who would strongly prefer it if my government were not constantly running around the world bombing, invading, and occupying other people's countries, might I be actually better off?

I opposed the Iraq war. Didn't you? I remember when the Turkish parliament voted to block the US military from using Turkish airspace to invade Iraq. I thought that was fantastic! Long live Turkish democracy!

If the Egyptian parliament had voted to block the use of Egyptian territory for the US invasion of Iraq, I would have been delighted.

But of course, there was little possibility that the Egyptian parliament would have voted like that in 2003, because in 2003 the Egyptian parliament was not produced by a free and fair election, but by an election rigged by the US-backed Egyptian military's handpicked "civilian" sock-puppet, Hosni Mubarak.

That is, the Pentagon's sweetheart deal in Egypt depended crucially on an absence of democracy in Egypt.

And thus, when it comes to democracy in Egypt, the Pentagon and the majority of Americans have fundamentally different interests.

And that is why US policy in Egypt can be run according to the Pentagon's narrow interests, or according to the interests of the majority of Americans, but not both. It is now being said that the US has little influence in Egypt to stop the repression and restore democracy.

But the much more precise statement is that the US has little influence in Egypt to stop the repression and restore democracy so long as the Pentagon's narrow interests remain paramount in the formation of US policy.

So long as the Pentagon's narrow interests remain paramount in the formation of US policy, the Egyptian military can continue to correctly conclude that it can safely ignore US statements about democracy and human rights, because US priorities lie elsewhere.

When all of the US government is pulling strongly together in one direction -- when it's trying to impose sanctions on Iran, or hunt Edward Snowden, or punish journalists critical of US policy, or prevent countries from breaking US pharmaceutical patents to lower the price of lifesaving medicines -- the power of the US government is awesome.

The key obstacles to the use of US influence to stop the repression in Egypt lie in the internal contradictions of US policy -- the fact that when it comes to US priorities, human rights and democracy have to move to the back of the bus, behind avoiding inconvenience to the Pentagon.

This is why the Shah of Iran ignored US warnings about democracy and human rights until it was too late: he correctly believed that US priorities lay elsewhere, until it was too late.

And this is why it is urgent for US policy in Egypt to change course, because if the democratic path to contest for political power in Egypt is closed to the Muslim Brotherhood, and the Muslim Brotherhood decides to try to seize power by force, everything that has happened so far will seem like a walk in the park.

Now, suppose that we agree that it would be in the interests of the majority of Americans for the US government to comply with US laws and cut aid to the Egyptian military until the repression stops and democracy is restored. What should the public do, given that the Pentagon and its apologists seem determined otherwise?

Shouldn't we call for cutting off US aid to Egypt's military, regardless of whether we think Washington will listen? Wouldn't it be better to push for cutting off US aid to Egypt's military and lose, than allow the idea to rule unchallenged that US aid to those who commit massacres should continue because there's a danger that the Pentagon might have to stand in line, like everybody else?

Shouldn't we try to force the issue so that those who support doing nothing in the face of the repression -- in clear violation of US laws -- have to defend their position in detail, on the record?

"But What about Israel?"
Some people will say: how can you go on and on about the Pentagon and not mention Israel?

Here the New York Times news analysis is also instructive.

The New York Times article does mention Israel. The first glancing mention is in paragraph 7. The first substantive mention is in paragraph 15.

Have you ever spent any time in New York City? I have, lots. Did you notice, when you spent time in New York City, how you never met anyone who would sacrifice a tsatske for the safety and security of people who live in Israel?

Yeah, I didn't notice that either.

So, if the safety and security of people who live in Israel were a crucial part of the story here, do you think that the New York Times, when it clears its throat and adopts its "news analysis" voice, would leave that topic to paragraph 15?

Indeed, isn't it more likely that the causation story here runs the other way? Rather than the Pentagon's interests being determined by "protecting Israel," isn't the Israeli "Pentagon" interest in this case determined by its interests in protecting the US Pentagon?

Isn't that a service the Israeli Pentagon provides to the US Pentagon, allowing people to say, "I'm concerned about protecting Israel," when they really mean, "I'm concerned about protecting the Pentagon's narrow interests in this situation, at the expense of the public interest?"

Like when they say, "Cutting the Pentagon budget would be bad for Israel," don't they mean, "Cutting the Pentagon budget might reduce my campaign donations from US weapons manufacturers"? When the Pentagon budget was smaller, wasn't Israel doing fine?

When the Muslim Brotherhood won the Egyptian elections, did it touch the Camp David treaty? Did it stop security cooperation with Israel?

Now, you can say, no, the Muslim Brotherhood didn't stop security cooperation with Israel. But the Egyptian military's security cooperation with Israel is better, you could argue, when it doesn't have to mess around with democracy.

But if that difference was small, where do the long-term interests of the majority of Israelis lie?

If you're willing to allow that the majority of Americans have different interests in this situation than the Pentagon, might you be willing to consider the possibility that the Israeli Pentagon might have different interests in this situation than the majority of Israelis?

Don't the long-term interests of the majority of Israelis lie with having normal relations with public opinion in the region? Would it be in the long-term interest of the majority of Israelis for their government to take the side of repression in Egypt, when it had "good enough" security cooperation with the democratically elected Muslim Brotherhood government?

Shouldn't we at least ask that question before assuming that the coup in Egypt and subsequent crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood were in the interests of the majority of Israelis?

Shouldn't we try to force the issue? Shouldn't supporters of inaction in the face of the coup and repression -- in violation of US law -- have to explain themselves in detail, on the record?

Robert Naiman is Policy Director at "Just Foreign Policy".

Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.

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