Two US Senators Call for Law Restricting the First Use of Nuclear Weapons
January 27, 2017
Hon. Edward J. Markey / US Senate
On January 24, Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) and Congressman Ted W. Lieu (CA-33) and introduced the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017. This legislation would prohibit the President from launching a nuclear first strike without a declaration of war by Congress. The crucial issue of nuclear "first use" is more urgent than ever now that President Donald Trump has the power to launch a nuclear war at a moment's notice.
<Senator Markey and Rep. Lieu Introduce
The Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act
Hon. Edward J. Markey / US Senate
WASHINGTON (January 24, 2017) -- Today, Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) and Congressman Ted W. Lieu (CA-33) and introduced the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017. This legislation would prohibit the President from launching a nuclear first strike without a declaration of war by Congress.
The crucial issue of nuclear "first use" is more urgent than ever now that President Donald Trump has the power to launch a nuclear war at a moment's notice.
"Nuclear war poses the gravest risk to human survival," said Senator Markey. "Yet, President Trump has suggested that he would consider launching nuclear attacks against terrorists. Unfortunately, by maintaining the option of using nuclear weapons first in a conflict, US policy provides him with that power. In a crisis with another nuclear-armed country, this policy drastically increases the risk of unintended nuclear escalation.
Neither President Trump, nor any other president, should be allowed to use nuclear weapons except in response to a nuclear attack. By restricting the first use of nuclear weapons, this legislation enshrines that simple principle into law. I thank Rep. Lieu for his partnership on this common-sense bill during this critical time in our nation's history."
"It is a frightening reality that the US now has a Commander-in-Chief who has demonstrated ignorance of the nuclear triad, stated his desire to be 'unpredictable' with nuclear weapons, and as President-elect was making sweeping statements about US nuclear policy over Twitter," said Rep. Lieu. "Congress must act to preserve global stability by restricting the circumstances under which the US would be the first nation to use a nuclear weapon.
Our Founders created a system of checks and balances, and it is essential for that standard to be applied to the potentially civilization-ending threat of nuclear war. I am proud to introduce the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017 with Sen. Markey to realign our nation's nuclear weapons launch policy with the Constitution and work towards a safer world."
A copy of the legislation can be found HERE.
Support for the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017:
William J. Perry, Former Secretary of Defense -- "During my period as Secretary of Defense, I never confronted a situation, or could even imagine a situation, in which I would recommend that the President make a first strike with nuclear weapons -- understanding that such an action, whatever the provocation, would likely bring about the end of civilization.
I believe that the legislation proposed by Congressman Lieu and Senator Markey recognizes that terrible reality. Certainly a decision that momentous for all of civilization should have the kind of checks and balances on Executive powers called for by our Constitution."
Tom Z. Collina, Policy Director of Ploughshares Fund -- "President Trump now has the keys to the nuclear arsenal, the most deadly killing machine ever created. Within minutes, President Trump could unleash up to 1,000 nuclear weapons, each one many times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb.
Yet Congress has no voice in the most important decision the United States government can make. As it stands now, Congress has a larger role in deciding on the number of military bands than in preventing nuclear catastrophe."
Derek Johnson, Executive Director of Global Zero -- "One modern nuclear weapon is more destructive than all of the bombs detonated in World War II combined. Yet there is no check on a president's ability to launch the thousands of nuclear weapons at his command.
In the wake of the election, the American people are more concerned than ever about the terrible prospect of nuclear war -- and what the next commander-in-chief will do with the proverbial 'red button.'
That such devastating power is concentrated in one person is an affront to our democracy's founding principles. The proposed legislation is an important first step to reining in this autocratic system and making the world safer from a nuclear catastrophe."
Megan Amundson, Executive Director of Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) -- "Rep. Lieu and Sen. Markey have rightly called out the dangers of only one person having his or her finger on the nuclear button. The potential misuse of this power in the current global climate has only magnified this concern.
It is time to make real progress toward lowering the risk that nuclear weapons are ever used again, and this legislation is a good start."
Catherine Thomasson, MD, Executive Director of Physicians for Social Responsibility -- "We must understand that our own nuclear weapons pose an unacceptable risk to our national security. The "successful" use of our own nuclear arsenal would cause catastrophic climate disruption around the world including here in the United States.
These weapons are suicide bombs, and no one individual should have the power to introduce them into a conflict. The Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017 is an important step to lessen the chance these weapons will be used."
Jeff Carter, Executive Director of Physicians for Social Responsibility -- "Nuclear weapons pose an unacceptable risk to our national security. Even a "limited" use of nuclear weapons would cause catastrophic climate disruption around the world, including here in the United States. They are simply too profoundly dangerous for one person to be trusted with the power to introduce them into a conflict.
Grounded in the fundamental constitutional provision that only Congress has the power to declare war, the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017 is a wise and necessary step step to lessen the chance these weapons will ever be used."
Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.