US Sanctions North Korea for Seeking Peace; US Threatens Iraq for Buying Russian Missiles
February 24, 2018
Seemingly eager to provoke conflict, the Trump administration is reportedly set to unveil a large package of sanctions against North Korea, even as Pyongyang is continuing to engage its main rival Seoul in pursuit of peace. In another instance of "bully politics," the US has warned Iraq (and a number of other countries) "consequences" of purchasing weapons from Russia instead of the US. Case in point: Iraq's move to purchase S-400 surface-to-air missile defense systems from Russia instead of Washington.
US Plans Bans on North Korea,
Meanwhile, South Invites Sanctioned Official
(February 23, 2018) -- The United States is reportedly set to unveil a large package of sanctions against North Korea, even as Pyongyang is continuing to engage its main rival Seoul in pursuit of peace.
The administration of US President Donald Trump will announce on Friday what is being described as "the largest package of new sanctions" ever against Pyongyang in an attempt to put more pressure on the North Korean government over its nuclear and missile programs, a senior administration official told Reuters on condition of anonymity.
Trump is expected to talk about the new measures during a mid-morning speech to the Conservative Political Action Conference, and the Treasury Department will get into the details later in the day, according to the official.
North Korea, already under numerous harsh UN and other international sanctions, has resisted the pressure campaign led by Washington to try to force Pyongyang to halt its weapons program. It has vowed to keep up the development of its weapons programs as a deterrent against foreign aggression, including by the US, which has substantial offensive military presence in the region.
US Vice President Mike Pence had spoken about the plan for the new sanctions when he was heading to South Korea from Tokyo two weeks ago.
Pence, who led a US delegation to the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympics in South Korea's PyeongChang, had reportedly planned to secretly meet with a high-level delegation of North Korean leaders, but the North Koreans canceled at the last minute, according to the US State Department. The cancellation allegedly came after Pence spoke of the sanctions.
The US vice president used tough rhetoric against Pyongyang again on Thursday in response to criticism of his choice to pass up several opportunities to meet North Korean officials during the Olympics. Pence sat in close proximity to Kim Yo-jong, the sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, during the opening ceremony in PyeongChang.
The two Koreas have been improving ties since last month, when Pyongyang announced its willingness to participate in the Winter Olympics, a decision that led to the historic visit to the South by Kim's sister, during which an invitation was extended to President Moon Jae-in for a visit to Pyongyang.
The two neighbors have been separated by a heavily-militarized border since the end of Korean War in 1953.
South approves visit by sanctioned North Korean official
Meanwhile, Seoul said on Friday that it had approved a visit by another high-level North Korean official, currently sanctioned by the US and South, for the closing ceremony of the Winter Olympics in PyeongChang on Sunday.
Kim Yong-chol, the vice-chairman of the North's ruling Workers' Party's Central Committee, will lead a high-level delegation to South Korea. The delegation is also scheduled to hold a meeting with Moon.
He was previously chief of a top North Korean military intelligence agency, which Seoul blamed for the 2010 sinking of a South Korean navy ship that killed 46 sailors.
The South's Unification Ministry Baik Tae-hyun said on Friday that they prefer to focus on dialog with North Korean officials rather than "on their past or who they are."
"Under current difficult circumstances, we have decided to focus on whether peace on the Korean Peninsula and improvement in inter-Korean relations can be derived from dialog with (the visiting North Korean officials), not on their past or who they are," Baik told a media briefing.
A South Korean lawmaker briefed by the country's spy agency also said on Friday that Kim Yong-chol was the "right person" for inter-Korean talks, according to Yonhap news agency.
"Kim Yong-chol is the top official regarding inter-Korean relations and he is being accepted (here) as the right person to discuss various issues like easing military tension, improving inter-Korean ties and de-nuclearization," said Kang Seok-ho.
His visit will coincide with a visit by Trump's daughter, Ivanka, who is scheduled to arrive in South Korea later on Friday. She will attend a dinner with Moon and later, the Winter Olympics' closing ceremony.
Moon's office has said there are no official opportunities for US and North Korean officials to meet there.
US Warns Iraq of 'Consequences'
If It Buys Russian S-400 Missile Systems
(February 23, 2018) -- The United States has warned Iraq, among a number of other countries, of the consequences of extending military cooperation with Russia, and striking deals to purchase advanced weaponry, particularly the S-400 surface-to-air missile defense systems.
US State Department spokeswoman Heather Neuert said on Thursday that Washington has contacted many countries, including Iraq, to explain the significance of the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), and possible consequences that would arise in the wake of defense agreements with Moscow.
On August 2, 2017, US President Donald Trump signed into law the CAATSA that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea, and Russia.
Neuert said she did not know whether Iraq and Russia have finalized an accord on the S-400 missile systems.
The remarks came only a few days after Saudi Arabia's Arabic-language al-Watan newspaper reported that Baghdad is planning to buy Russian-made S-400 surface-to-air missile system from Moscow.
There are also reports that Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has tasked a team of advisers from the Iraqi Ministry of Defense and National Security Council to negotiate the purchase of the missile systems with Russian officials.
Earlier this month, Chairman of the Defense Committee of the Russian Federation Council, Colonel General Viktor Bondarev, named Syria, Iraq, Sudan and Egypt as the potential buyers of the defense systems.
Last week, Chief Executive Officer of Rostec, Russia's state-owned corporation for promoting the development, production and export of high-tech industrial products, stated that Moscow is ready to sell its air defense systems to any country with security concerns.
Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.