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A Global Petition for a Nuclear-Free Middle East


February 10, 2006
Abolition 2000, Mayors for Peace & Others

An appeal from the world's parlimentarians and civil society to leaders in Washington, Teheran, Europe and the UN. The proliferation of nuclear weapons is possibly the single greatest threat to civilisation. Nations that possess large nuclear arsenals cannot consistently or credibly call for others to eliminate or cease the pursuit of nuclear weapons arsenals of their own while not moving to eliminate their own nuclear weapons. Please read and sign the petition.

http://www.gsinstitute.org/pnnd/ParliamentariansIranNukes.htm

A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE IRAN CRISIS AND A NUCLEAR-FREE MIDDLE EAST
NO FIRST USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS


A Global Petition to:
President George Bush
Secy of State Condoleeza Rice
Secy of Defence Donald Rumsfeld
UN Ambassador John Bolton

President Ahmadinejad of Iran Foreign Minister of Iran,
Kamal Jharze Iran UN Ambassador, H.E. Zarif-Khonsari

Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister of Israel, Israel
Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom, H.E.
Mr. Dan Gillerman, Israel UN Mission

cc Mr Jose Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission
Tony Blair, Prime Minister of UK and
Exercising President of the European Council Jack Straw, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

The Hon. John Howard, Prime Minister of Australia
The Hon. Alexander Downer, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Australia

M. Jacques Chirac, Président de la République Française
M. Dominique de Villepin, Premier Ministre
M. Philippe Douste-Blazy, Ministre des Affaires Etrangères

Herr Horst Köhler, Bundespräzsident Deutschlands

Frau Angela Merkel, Bundeskanzlerin Deutschlands
Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Deutsche Bundesaussenminister

Mr Kofi Annan, General Secretary of the United Nations
Mr Mohamed ElBaradei, Director of the IAEA

Dear Presidents Bush and Ahmadinejad, Presidents, Prime Ministers, Foreign Ministers, Secretaries of State and Defence and Ambassadors,

The proliferation of nuclear weapons is possibly the single greatest threat to civilisation. If a feared cascade of proliferation occurs, the probability that by malice, madness, miscalculation or malfunction, nuclear weapons will at some point be used will increase sharply. All nations have a responsibility to ensure that the number of nations with nuclear weapons does not grow, to prevent non-state actors from obtaining them, and for those who posses nuclear weapons to eliminate and abolish them.

Threats and rumours of military action or even nuclear weapons use only worsen a growing crisis between Iran, the United States, and Israel.

Reports of preparations for and explorations of military options, no matter how speculative, are highly disturbing and are in themselves dangerous. Such explorations must cease. There must be no talk of war.

But there IS talk of war, both from the United States and from Israel. President Ahmadinejad, you have spoken of "wiping Israel from the map." In the US and Israel, 'hotheads' call openly for "swift military action", while 'responsible' leaders speak of "no option being ruled out."

President Bush, we heard these same two formulations used just months before the invasion of Iraq. We urge that the explorations of military or nuclear options cease immediately, and support IAEA General Director, Mohamed ElBaradei in calling for this belligerent talk from all parties to stop now.

The United States and other Nuclear Weapon States and de facto nuclear weapon states — nations that already possess nuclear weapons — have made little progress toward the internationally mandated goal of the total and unequivocal elimination of those weapons. Although there has been some limited progress in lowering total nuclear stockpiles, the established nuclear weapons possessors continue to rely on those weapons in their security doctrines, and do not envisage change in that posture 'for the foreseeable future'.

This continues in spite of a clear international consensus to the effect that nuclear weapons are a continuing threat to civilisation and life, in spite of repeated calls by the international community for progress toward their total and unequivocal elimination.

Nations that possess large nuclear arsenals cannot consistently or credibly call for others to eliminate or cease the pursuit of nuclear weapons arsenals of their own while not moving to eliminate their own nuclear weapons. A global commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons is a global commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons, and applies equally to all parties. There can be no exceptions. Those who now posses nuclear arsenals are obliged to eliminate those arsenals. Those who do not have them must not pursue them.

Similarly, the violation of the goal of a nuclear-free Middle East by one party does not in any way excuse its violation by another party. However, the renunciation of the nuclear option by one party will facilitate its renunciation by another party.

Israel's nuclear arsenal and the pursuit of nuclear weapons by Iran - if indeed that is taking place - are dangerous per se and open the gate for further proliferation by other Middle Eastern nations, and for a middle eastern arms race that would be dangerous in the extreme. This must not happen.

Serious concerns exist over the possibility that US nuclear doctrine may envisage strikes against other nations that involve a first use of nuclear weapons, or possibly the use of nuclear weapons against nations that are not themselves nuclear-armed. We note with approval the recent letter by US senators and others in this matter.

A third use of nuclear weapons must never take place. It would be a catastrophe not only for Iran or Israel but for the entire region and even for the entire world, because of its radioactive fallout, its chaotic effects, and because it would break the taboo against the use of these weapons that has so far held place for the last 60 years. Breaking this taboo could result in the further use of nuclear weapons, with a lower and lower bar for such use.

The widespread use of nuclear weapons would be catastrophic for the world. We urge all parties to renounce the pursuit of nuclear weapons, and to adopt policies that rule out their use.

The Parliamentarians, civil society organisations, and prominent individuals signed below hereby urge a solution to the crisis in relations between the US and Iran, Israel and Iran, based on the following clearly defined principles:

1) No use of any military option whatsoever by any party for any reason.

2) A clear commitment by all nuclear-armed parties not to use nuclear weapons in this situation, and a broader commitment to the doctrine of no first use of nuclear weapons.

3) The implementation of the 1995 Non-Proliferation Treaty Resolution on a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East, implementation of the annual consensus-adopted General Assembly resolutions on 'Establishment of a Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone in the region of the Middle East', and particularly the full implementation of this years resolution on nuclear proliferation in the middle -east.

4) A clear commitment by all parties to the global elimination of nuclear weapons, including through reaffirming the Final Declaration of the 2000 Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference, and relevant General Assembly resolutions.

5) A diplomatic path to the removal of tensions between the US, Israel, and Iran, involving compromise on both sides, recognition of the legitimate security concerns of all parties including both Israel and Iran, and refraining from inflammatory statements or the exploration of military options by any party.

Signed

• Tadatoshi Akiba Mayor of Hiroshima President, Mayors for Peace, Abolition-2000 Global Council, Ron Mc Coy, President,
• Dr. Mary-Wynne Ashford, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW),
• Jennifer Nordstrom, WILPF Reaching Critical Will Project,
• Alfred L. Marder President, International Association of Peace Messenger Cities,
• Ak Malten, Global Anti Nuclear Alliance (GANA) The Hague, Neth,
• Peer de Rijk, director , World Information Service on Energy,Amsterdam Neth,
• Fiona H. Dove, Director, Transnational Institute, Amsterdam, Neth,
• Pol D'Huyvetter, For Mother Earth/Friends of the Earth Flanders, Ghent, Belgium, (Ab2000GlobalCouncil)
• Prof. H. Firket, President of AMPGN ,IPPNW-Belgium
• Leo Platvoet Senator GREENLEFT, Belgium,
• Jean-Marie Matagne, Action des Citoyens pour le Désarmement Nucléaire (ACDN),
• Sophie Lefeez, Mouvement de la Paix, France,
• Phillipe Brousse, Jean-Yvon Landrac, Réseau "Sortir du nucléaire", France,
• Jean-Pierre Morichaud, Le Forum Plutonium, France, Fabrice Flipo, Vice-président, Amis de la Terre - France
• Jeanne-Henriette Louis, Quakers-France
• GLOBAL 2000,
• Silva Herrmann, Energy Campaigner, Austria, Elvira Pöschko, Antiatom Szene, Pasching, Austria,
• Heinz Stockinger, Chair, PLAGE-Salzburg
Bernhard Piller, Swiss Energy Foundation, Zurich, Switzerland
• Xanthe Hall, (Ab2000 Global Council/IPPNW Germany)
• Dr. Angelika Claußen, M.D.IPPNW-Germany, Gewaltfreie Aktion Atomwaffen Abschaffen (GAAA), Germany,
Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft - Vereinigte KriegsdienstgegnerInnen (DFG-VK),
• Roland Blach, Trägerkreis "Atomwaffen abschaffen", Germany,
• Peter Nicholls, Chair, Abolition 2000 UK,
George Farebrother, World Court Project, UK,
• Kate Hudson, Chair, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) Lond, UK,
• Jill Stallard, CND Cymru, Wales,
• Jenny Maxwell, Chair, West Midlands CND, Birmingham UK,
• Lynne Jones MP (Birmingham Selly Oak), UK,
• David Chaytor, MP for Bury North, Dr. Caroline Lucas MEP Green Party,South East England,
• Jean Lambert MEP - Green Party, London
Hallgeir H. Langeland, MP Norway,
• Bjørn Hilt Regional vice president of IPPNW in Europe, Norway,
• Holger Terp, Danish Peace Academy, Copenhagen,
• Povl Revsbech, MD Chair, IPPNW, Danish Affiliate
• Juhani Mastokangas Friends of the Earth Finland
• Heidi Hautala MP, Chairperson of the Green Parliamentary Group of Finland,
• Kati Juva, Chair,
• Dr. Jouni Ylinen Physicians for Social Responsibility, Finland (PSR-Finland)
• Hnuti Duha, FOE-Czech Republic, Brno,
Thanassis ANAPOLITANOS ,
• MEDITERRANEAN ANTI NUCLEAR WATCH, GREECE
• Prof. Dr. Leziz Onaran, President, Umur Gürsoy (MD)NUSED (IPPNW-Turkey)
• Ali Eltari President, Albanian Ecological Club,
• Kim Hye-Jeong, Secretary General, KFEM-FoE Korea
• Hiromichi Umebayashi, President, Peace Depot, Japan
• Steve Leeper, Mayors for Peace United States,
• Alice Slater, GRACE, Abolition2000 Global Council,
• Patrick Groulx founder - Iron John & Mary With A Snugly US,
• Helen Caldicott, President, Nuclear Policy Research Insititute (NPRI),
• James Galbraith, Chair, Economists for Peace and Security,
• Steven Starr, Physicians for Global Survival, Canada,
• Joanna Santa Barbara, Centre for Peace Studies, Mc Master Univ, Ont,
• Ray Morris, Co-Chair, KAIROS, Salmon Arm, BC
• Efraim Cruz-Marin, Académicos de Ciencias y Humanidades, Mexico,
• Diodorus Kamala MP, Tanzania,
• Achin Vanaik, Sukla Sen, Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace, India,(CNDP)
• Sandeep Pandey and Arundhati Dhuru, National Alliance of People's Movements (NAPM),
• Prof N.N. Murthy, IBRF, India,
• Sonia S. Mendoza Chair, Mother Earth Foundation - Philippines
• Gordon F Copeland MP United Future - the Family Party NZ,
• John Hallam, Friends of the Earth Australia Sydney Australia
• Jo Vallentine, People for Nuclear Disarmament, Western Australia
• Dimity Hawkins, Executive Officer, Medical Association for the Prevention of War (MAPW),
• Rev Allan Thompson, General Secretary, Uniting Church in Victoria and Tasmania,
• Senator Natasha Stott-Despoja, Australian Democrats, SA
• Senator Andrew Bartlett, Democrats, Qld,
• Senator Kerry Nettle, Greens, NSW, Kelly HoareMP, Member for Charlton NSW,
• Carmen Lawrence MP, Member for Fremantle, President, ALP,
• Julia Irwin MP Federal Member for Fowler,
• Lee Rhiannon Greens MLC, NSW,



An Appeal on Iran and Nuclear Weapons

You are also urged to send a similar message to your governments, urging no military action and especially no use of nuclear weapons over Iran, and a nuclear - free Middle East.

To sign please reply stating your position, name of your organisation/party, and location including country, to


The Parliamentarians and Civil Society Appeal on Iran and Nuclear Weapons, now endorsed by Abolition2000 and Mayors for Peace, is available on the following urls:

• In french:
Tu le trouveras sur le site d'ACDN : http://www.acdn.net en français et en anglais.

• PNND website at the following url:
http://www.gsinstitute.org/pnnd/ParliamentariansIranNukes.htm

• It is also on the GANA website of Ak Malten at:
http://www.cornnet.nl/~akmalten/Iran_Nuclear_letter.html

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