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A compendium of articles, reports, essays and investigations into the effects of militarism on the environment and human society. Send additional documents to editor@envirosagainstwar.org.


At World Climate Summit, Trump Team at Odds With Own Scientists
(James Rainey / NBC News)

The Trump administration continued its rejection of mainstream climate science -- and embraced Earth-warming fossil fuels -- in the second week of the UN climate conference in Poland. Those contrarian views emerged even as US government scientists reported that humanity's actions are driving up temperatures rapidly, with devastating impacts for the Arctic and the rest of the globe. Trump further divorced the US from most other nations by promoting the long-term burning of coal and natural gas.

ACTION ALERT: Two Critical Words Are Missing from the Paris Agreement: "Fossil Fuels"
(Oil Change International & ClimateTruth)

ight now, world leaders are gathered in Poland at this year's UN climate talks, negotiating the rules for how the Paris Agreement will be implemented. This is important. Within the Paris Agreement are critical goals, agreed to by over 100 countries, to take efforts to limit global warming to 1.5 C, a goal shown to be all the more important after the recent IPCC special report. But there are two critical words missing from the Paris Agreement: "fossil fuels."

Why Green New Deal Advocates Must Address Militarism & An Open Letter to Bernie Sanders
(Medea Benjamin and Alice Slater / Common Dreams & World BEYOND War)

Where is the call for the New Peace Deal that would free up hundreds of billions from the overblown military budget to invest in green infrastructure? Environmentalists need to contest the Pentagon's staggering global footprint. The US military is the world's largest institutional consumer of fossil fuels and the largest source of greenhouse gasses, contributing about 5 percent of global warming emissions.

Trump Echoes Washington's Secret Plans to "Shut Down Government" and "Suspend the Constitution"
(E. Camayd-Freixas / US Immigration Reform and Its Global Impact & History Commons)

In the 1980s, Col. Oliver North and FEMA prepared a secret plan to suspend the US Constitution. The plot included surveillance of political dissenters and preparations to detain up to 400,000 refugees -- undocumented aliens, US residents and citizens -- in response to "national security threats" such as a "mass exodus" from across the Mexican border or domestic "civil unrest" in the form of anti-war protests against a possible US invasion of Central America. As far as anyone knows, these plans are still in effect.

The 'Great Dying': Rapid Warming Caused "Largest Extinction Event Ever" Scientists Report
(Oliver Milman / The Guardian UK)

Scientists have concluded that a mass extinction known as the "Great Dying" -- that occurred around 252 million years ago and marked the end of the Permian geologic period – was the result of rapid global warming caused by a huge spike in greenhouse gas emissions. The single greatest calamity ever to befall life on Earth, the Great Dying wiped out the vast majority of all marine and terrestrial life on the planet.

The Ancient Mythical Rites of Pearl Harbor Day
(David Swanson / Foreign Policy Journal)

What the US mainstream media won't inform you in their ritualistic annual Pearl Harbor Day rites is that the Japanese attack was anything but a surprise. On November 3, 1941, the US ambassador sent a lengthy telegram to the State Department warning that Washington's punishing economic sanctions might force Japan to commit "national hara-kiri." He wrote: "An armed conflict with the United States may come with dangerous and dramatic suddenness." And that, it appears, was the very idea.

Bernie Sanders and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Sound a Planetary Alarm on Climate Change
(Naomi Klein / The Intercept & Jason Murdock / Newsweek)

The bold moral leadership of newly elected members of Congress like Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has me feeling more optimistic about our collective chances of averting climate breakdown than I have in years. But a whole lot of things need to happen very quickly if the political tide is going to shift in time -- including finding new ways to engage the public in this fight.

Noam Chomsky and Daniel Ellsberg on Humanity's Two Existential Threats: Climate Change and Nuclear War
(Amy Goodman / Democracy Now! & Paul Jay / The Real News)

World-renowned political dissident, linguist and author Noam Chomsky says Republican leaders are dedicated to "enriching themselves and their friends" at the cost of the planet, and warns: "We have to make decisions now which will literally determine whether organized human life can survive in any decent form." And Daniel Ellsberg argues that massive reductions in ICBM's and transforming the economy away from the military-industrial complex are prerequisites for human survival.

Trump Rejects Nuclear Treaty then Gives Russia 60 Days to 'Comply' with Nuclear Treaty
(AntiWar.com & John Lewallen / Avoiding Nuclear War.com)

The US needs to immediately announce a no-first-use nuclear posture and reduce weapons and deployments to avoid an accidental or pre-emptive strike. Both Democrats and Republicans should support the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. At the same time, the US has vowed to ignore the INF treaty, accusing Russia of violating the same treaty. Russia denies it. The apparent goal is to provide the Pentagon with a pretext to deploy more US nuclear missiles inside Europe.

Trump Says "Pull the Plug" on Syrian Peace Talks: Prefers Another Endless War . . . or WWIII
(Tom O'Connor / Newsweek & AntiWar.com & Laura Rozen / Al-Monitor)

Donald Trump came into office harshly critical of endless wars in the Middle East, but seems to be staring down the barrel of another such conflict in Syria. In addition to wanting ISIS defeated, the US wants Iran ousted, and all Shi'ite militias out of Syria. On top of that, they also want regime change, and a role in determining Syria's future. In the meantime, Trump's US envoy James Jeffrey wants the world to "pull the plug" on peace talks involving Syria and Russia.

Portrait of a Planet on the Verge of Climate Catastrophe
(Robin McKie / The Guardian UK)

As hundreds of politicians, government officials and scientists will gather in Poland for the annual UN climate conference, this year's will be a grim. As recent reports have made clear, the world may no longer be hovering at the edge of destruction but has probably staggered beyond a crucial point of no return. Climate catastrophe is now looking inevitable.

Two Presidents Bush; Two Iraq Wars; One Shared Goal: US Access to Oil
(Middle East Research and Information Project & History.com & Naval History and Heritage Command & Antonia Juhasz / CNN & Portside)

In 2000, Big Oil, including Exxon, Chevron, BP and Shell, spent more money to get fellow oilmen Bush and Cheney into office than they had spent on any previous election. The National Energy Policy Development Group, chaired by Cheney, brought the administration and the oil companies together to plot our collective energy future. In March, the task force reviewed list of targets, outlining Iraq's entire oil productive capacity. Planning for a military invasion was soon under way.

The Global Extinction Rebellion Begins
(Dahr Jamail / Truthout)

Dr. Gail Bradbrook, a mother of two boys, has seen enough of her government's complicity in pumping increasing amounts of CO2 and methane into an already overburdened atmosphere. A professor of molecular biophysics, her deep understanding of science has led her to confront the existential crisis facing humans. Acting on her love for her children and the disrupted world that is being left to them, she has channeled her horror about this crisis into action, co-founded the group, Rising Up!

UN Warns World Has Only Two Years to Halt Mankind's Destruction of Life on Earth
(Jonathan Watts / The Guardian & Damian Carrington / The Guardian)

The UN warns the world has two years to halt a 'silent killer' as dangerous as climate change, or face the collapse of human civilization. Humanity has virtually wiped out the majority of other living species on the planet. Now we must stop biodiversity loss or we could face our own extinction. And there's not much time left to act.

The Insect Apocalypse Is Here<
(Brooke Jarvis / The New York Times Magazine)

In the United States, scientists recently found the population of monarch butterflies fell by 90 percent in the last 20 years, a loss of 900 million individuals; the rusty-patched bumblebee, which once lived in 28 states, dropped by 87 percent over the same period. With other, less-studied insect species, one butterfly researcher told me, "all we can do is wave our arms and say, 'It's not here anymore!' "

ACTION ALERT: US Sanctions on Iran Threaten Children Worldwide
(Reza Saiedi / No Medical Sanctions & Sarah Maan / Change.org)

Despite the recent order from the International Court of Justice that US economic sanctions on Iran not "hurt exportation to the territory of Iran of goods required for humanitarian needs" US sanctions anctions have seriously affected Iran's access to health and medical services. But Iranian patients are not the only victims of Washington's sanctions. Many thousands of patients across the globe also are suffering from sanctions imposed on critical Iranian medical supplies.

The Dramatic Struggle for Our Planet and for Humanity in Henoko, Okinawa
(Joseph Essertier / World BEYOND War)

The US military has had bases in Okinawa for most of the last century and Okinawans have constantly struggled against making their islands into battlefields. Ever since the Battle of Okinawa, in which over 100,000 Okinawan civilians lost their lives (about one-third of the population), a large percentage of the population has opposed US bases and the vast majority of the current population now opposes the new base construction at Henoko. A crime against nature is about to be committed.

UN Warns Climate Window Is Closing: Greenhouse Gases Hit Level Not Seen for Millions of Years
(Harry Cockburn / The Independent & World Meteorological Organization)

The last time a comparable level of carbon dioxide was in the atmosphere, temperatures were over 2C warmer and sea levels 10-20m higher, UN scientists warn. The urgency and extent of the actions needed to address climate change have not sunk in. 'The science is clear. Without rapid cuts in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, climate change will have increasingly destructive and irreversible impacts on life on Earth. The window of opportunity for action is almost closed."

Alarming White House Report: US Scientists Rebuke Trump on Climate Change
(Seth Borenstein / The Associated Press & Axios.com)

White House Report Warns of Human-caused Climate Change As California's catastrophic wildfires recede and people rebuild after two hurricanes, a massive new federal report warns that these types of disasters are worsening in the US because of global warming. The National Climate Assessment directly contradicts the anti-environmental, pro-coal-and-carbon policies of Donald Trump.

Green New Deal: Young Progressives Are Forcing Democrats to Actually Do Something About Climate Change
(Matt Laslo / VICE)

Some of the Democratic Party's newly elected progressives are pushing leaders to embrace a Green New Deal that would, among other things, respond to climate change by ending US reliance on fossil fuels. Within days after the midterms, 10 House Democrats had already signed on to the call to put the nation on the path to a 100 percent renewable energy economy, build a national "smart" energy grid, and boost domestic manufacturing and exporting of emerging "green" technologies.

Our Planet Is Being Destroyed for Short-term Profit: It's Time to Join the Extinction Rebellion
(Bill McKibben / 350.org & Bill McKibben / The New Yorker)

Commentary from Bill McKibben: "Every once in a great while, I write a piece that I think is important to share. This time it's an essay in this week's New Yorker. I warn you, it's not all easy reading. In fact, given the horrific fires still burning in California, an almost literal pall hangs over the words. But I want you to know I write it from a place of engagement, not despair. So do me the favor of reading this essay, and sharing it with others who might appreciate it. And then back to the fight!"

ACTION ALERT: Close NATO's Global Empire of Bases
(Global Unity Statement / No NATO Bases.org)

We, the undersigned peace, justice and environmental organizations and individuals from around the world, endorse the following Statement of Unity and commit ourselves to working together in a broad-based international campaign to organize an International Conference Against all US/NATO Military Bases, with the goal of raising public awareness and organizing nonviolent mass resistance against all US, NATO and EU military bases, and their military missions around the world.

Green Party Urges International Criminal Court to Investigate Crimes against Palestinians
(Margaret Flowers and Kevin Zeese / Popular Resistance & The Green Party of the United States)

On November 29, 2018, members of the Green Party United States traveled to the International Criminal Court in The Hague to deliver a letter calling for a full investigation of Israel for war crimes it has committed against the Palestinians.The Green Party recognizes that the US is complicit in Israel's crimes by providing financial support, selling weapons and providing political cover. The letter was also signed by more than 1,000 organizations and individuals from the United States.

The War to End War, 100 Years On: An Evaluation and Reorientation of Our Resistance to War
(Robert J. Burrowes / Popular Resistance)

As we commemorate 100th anniversary of the armistice ending 'the war to end war', one can only marvel at how wrong humans can be sometimes. Not content with the violence inflicted during WW I, humans used the 20th century to decimate human and other life as war raged across the planet with an increasingly massive and sophisticated armory. By mid-century -- in a tribute to their technological ingenuity and psychological dysfunctionality -- humans had invented a weapon that could destroy life on Earth.

Democrats Are Planning To Target The Arms Sales Trump Loves
(Akbar Shahid Ahmed / The Huffington Post)

Top Democrats are discussing how to use their upcoming control of the House of Representatives to more tightly regulate US weapons sales abroad -- a move that would shore up the party's antiwar credentials and make it harder for President Donald Trump to continue his high-profile arms deals with countries accused of human rights violations like Saudi Arabia.

Congressional Blue Wave's New Crusade: A "Green New Deal" for America
(E. A. Crunden / ThinkProgress & The People's Demands for Climate Justice )

A bold new generation of Democrats are already pushing forward on climate action, in a dramatic change of pace that could spell a very different tune in Washington come January, as well as within the wider party. Republicans and Democrats alike have largely waffled on addressing climate change, to the dismay of activists. But that could be about to change and news faces in Washington a are demanding a "Green New Deal" to get to achieve 100 percent renewables energy "because our lives depend on it."

Big Oil v. the Planet Is the Fight of Our Lives
(David Sirota / The Guardian UK)

The Carbon Industry's control of the "Oil & Gas Caucus" in Congress has given it political supremacy -- even in left-leaning states -- but immediate action by an incoming Blue Wave of young, dynamic, and progressive congressmembers might make it possible to hold off an impending environmental state of emergency.

Human Extinction by 2026? A Last Ditch Strategy for Human Survival
(Robert J. Burrowes, Ph.D. / Editorial, TRANSCEND )

Commentary: When evidence of the climate catastrophe (fed by the burning fossil fuels) became incontrovertible, the industry shifted its focus to arguing that the timeframe, which it presented as 'end of the century', meant that we could defer action (and thus profit-maximization) through business-as-usual policies that could continue indefinitely. But now, scientists tell us, we have only 12 years left to avoid a climate catastrophe.

US Airstrikes Killed Over 100 Civilians in Eastern Syria This Week: Mainly Women and Children
(AntiWar.com & Xinhua News & Zaman Al Wasl News)

Over the past week, daily US airstrikes against a handful of towns in eastern Syria have killed well over 100 civilians, mainly women and children. Most of the airstrikes are just hitting homes across the towns, killing a lot of women and children inside.

US Soldiers Died for Nothing in WWI
(Jacob G. Hornberger / The Future of Freedom Foundation)

If the US had not intervened in World War I, it is a virtual certainty that there would have been a negotiated settlement between the warring parties. US interventionism instead brought about the total defeat of Germany. The result of Germany's total defeat? The vengeful Treaty of Versailles, which later provided Hitler with his rationale for his rise to power. So much for making the world safe for democracy.

After 17 Years, Many Afghans Blame US for Unending War
(Kathy Gannon / Associated Press)

When US forces and their Afghan allies rode into Kabul in November 2001 they were greeted as liberators. But after 17 years of war, the Taliban have retaken half the country, security is worse than it's ever been, and many Afghans place the blame squarely on the Americans. The United States has lost more than 2,400 soldiers in its longest war, and has spent more than $900 billion on the Afghan cause. None of it worked. Today, Afghanistan is rife with conspiracy theories, including the idea that Americans didn't stumble into a "forever war," but planned one all along.

US Refuses to Adopt a Nuclear Weapon "No-First-Use" Pledge
(Paul Jay Interviews Daniel Ellsberg / The Real News / Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.)

Commentary from a former nuclear weapons planner: In an atomic attach, nearly everyone on Earth will die. But if we go back to earlier calculations -- 50 million dead on a first strike versus 150 million or 100 million on a second strike -- there, again, the idea was that we will survive that 50 million well. But our values -- meaning our democracy -- would be very unlikely to survive just one or two explosions on a single city.

Trump Versus Nuclear Treaties: Unwrapping Armageddon
(Conn Hallinan / Dispatches from the Edge)

The US and the Soviet Union have come within minutes of an accidental nuclear war on at least two occasions. The INF Treaty came about because of strong opposition and huge demonstrations in Europe and the US. That kind of pressure, coupled with a pledge by countries not to deploy such weapons, will be required again, lest the entire tapestry of agreements that kept the horror of nuclear war at bay vanish.

A Warning from Moscow: Trump's Breach of Nuclear Treaty Would Free Russia to Install Missiles in Cuba
(RT News & Tyler Durden / ZeroHedge.com)

Donald Trump's unilateral plan to walk away from the crucial Cold War-era Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty has Moscow considering siting military facilities in Cuba. With the US already having installed bases and missiles along the Russian border, a senior Russian official has proposed that his country respond to Trump's provocation by building a military missile base inside Cuba. Moscow has warned that a failure of talks between the US and Russia could trigger "a new Cuban crisis."

November 6: International Day to Protect Nature from War
(The United Nations & PAX for Peace, Conflict & Environment Observatory, et al.)

Over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources -- timber, diamonds, gold and oil. A joint statement by civil society and academics on November 6 -- Environmental Conflict Day -- calls for governments to increase the protection of people and ecosystems by strengthening measures to enhance environmental security before, during and after armed conflicts.

Don't Microwave the Earth: A Global Appeal to Stop 5G Technology
(Arthur Firstenberg / Cellular Phone Task Force)

If the telecommunications industry's plans for 5G come to fruition, no person, no animal, no bird, no insect and no plant on Earth will be able to avoid exposure, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to levels of RF radiation that are tens to hundreds of times greater than what exists today. These 5G plans threaten to provoke serious, irreversible effects on humans and permanent damage to all of the Earth's ecosystems.

The Risk of Extinction from Climate Change May Be Worse than the IPCC Predicted
(Arctic News Blogspot)

Commentary: According to the IPCC's latest report on global warming, things aren't looking good. But, instead of providing good advice, the IPCC bends over backward in efforts to maintain the oil-burning addiction. The Paris Agreement calls for all nations to keep the temperature rise below 1.5ºC. The IPCC should have honored this commitment. Instead, the IPCC report contrives to make it look as if temperatures are lower than they really are -- so polluters can be allowed to keep polluting.

Who Is the World's Leading Sponsor of Terrorism? Iran? Saudi Arabia? Or the US?
(Martin Williams / Channel4.com & Jonah Shepp / New York Magazine & Wikipedia)

Donald Trump has claimed that Iran is the world's "leading state sponsor of terror." But is that fair? Before he became president, Trump said the "world's biggest funder of terrorism" was Saudi Arabia! An honest look at history over the past century would suggest the leading sponsor of global terrorism -- both by direct attacks and interventions and by training and arming proxy "rebel" terrorist armies -- has been the United States of America.

US Supreme Court Sides with Kids over Trump on Climate Change Trial
(Reuters & RT News)

The US Supreme Court on Friday rejected for now a bid by the President Donald Trump's administration to block a trial in a lawsuit filed by young activists who have accused the US government of ignoring the perils of climate change. The administration now faces a high-profile examination of US climate change policy.

The Growth of Human Civilization Now Endangers the Planet
(James E. M. Watson, James R. Allan and colleagues / Nature)

Global conservation policy must stop the disappearance of Earth's few intact ecosystems. A century ago, only 15% of Earth's surface was used to grow crops and raise livestock. Today, more than 77% of land (excluding Antarctica) and 87% of the ocean has been modified by the direct effects of human activities. There is nothing to stop the slow erosion of these places from small-scale and often unplanned industrial activity. In our view, a bold yet achievable target is to define and conserve 100% of all remaining intact ecosystems.

Why Jair Bolsonaro's Presidency Threatens Disaster for the Brazilian Amazon
(Avaaz & Christian Poirier / Amazon Watch & Glenn Greenwald / The Intercept)

The extreme right-wing candidate Jair Bolsonaro was elected Brazil's president on Sunday in a victory that hands him a powerful mandate to enact a series of sweeping changes to the country's political, economic, social, and environmental order. His victory represents a profound setback for human rights and ecological preservation in the world's fourth largest democracy, with implications for the entire planet, particularly global climate stability.

Nuclear Weapons and UN Disarmament Resolutions
(Move the Nuclear Money Campaign and the Basel Peace Office)

The anti-nuclear campaign has some practical suggestions for reinvesting the money spent on weapons of global mass destruction. The $1 trillion the US plans to spend to "modernize" the nuclear arsenals over the next 10 years could, instead, be used to help end poverty, protect the climate, and achieve sustainable development goals. Meanwhile, world peace is threatened by the increased scale and tempo of war games -- including nuclear drills -- by nuclear-armed states and their allies.

Nuke-warhawk John Bolton Put in Charge of WWIII
(Scott Ritter / The American Conservative & Peter Lavelle / RT News)

Donald Trump appears to have surrendered to the anti-arms control philosophy of John Bolton, who views such agreements as unduly restricting American power. Bolton was also behind the 2001 decision by President George W. Bush to withdraw from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, an act the Russians viewed as inherently destabilizing. The Russians have been asking the US to provide evidence to substantiate its allegations of Russian noncompliance, something the US so far has not done.

The INF Treaty and the Crises of Arms Control
(Zia Mian / The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists)

The decision by the Trump Administration to withdraw from the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty is causing concern and rightly so. Some of the blame can be laid at the door of generations of American politicians, strategists, military planners and weapon builders, and their advocates ideologically opposed to limiting US military power, wary of treaties and international institutions, and seeking to sustain and expand dominance. Upon reflection, arms control crises are not an exception but the rule.

United Nations Meeting; Statement on War and Pollution
(Conflict and Environment Observatory & Toxic Remnants of War Network Statement)

Across the UN system, initiatives are underway to address the environmental dimensions of armed conflicts. The Security Council is exploring early warning and risk management in connection with climate change, resource conflicts and water scarcity. This statement is delivered on behalf of 15 organisations working to strengthen the protection of civilians and the environment from the impact of conflicts and military activities.

With Growing Global Calls to Abolish Nukes, Trump Vows to Abandon Historic Nuclear Treaty
(Alice Slater / World BEYOND War & Institute for Public Accountability & Fox News & The Guardian)

With 122 nations having voted last summer to adopt a treaty for the complete prohibition of nuclear weapons, just as the world has banned chemical and biological weapons, it seems that the world is locked in a new Cold War time-warp, totally inappropriate to the times. Donald Trump has confirmed the US will leave an arms control treaty with Russia dating from the cold war that has kept nuclear missiles out of Europe for three decades.

12 Years to Catastrophe and a Bold Agenda to Save Planet Is Missing!
(Jake Johnson / Common Dreams)

Hundreds of mammal species have been wiped out due to human activity, planetary warming has sparked global insect die-off that is horrifying scientists, and United Nations experts are warning that the international community has just 12 years to transform global energy systems in order to avert climate catastrophe. But in Washington, Republicans and House Democrats are brushing aside widespread and growing public demands for urgent action in favor of "incremental steps and hearings."

Why Catastrophic Climate Change is Probably Inevitable Now: Thank Facism
(Umair Haque / Eudaimonia & Co)

Commentary: It strikes me that the planet's fate is now probably sealed. We have just a decade in which to control climate change  -- or goodbye, an unknown level of catastrophic, inescapable, runaway warming is inevitable. The reality is: we're probably not going to make it. It's highly dubious at this juncture that humanity is going to win the fight against climate change. That is for a very unexpected -- yet perfectly predictable -- reason: the sudden explosion in global fascism.

New Nukes Increase Risk of War, But Citizens Possess the 'Power to Stop Them'
(Paul W. Lovinger / War And Law League News)

The nuclear peril never went away. Mankind is 2 minutes to 'midnight.' New nukes increase risk of war, but citizens possess 'power to stop them' according to speakers at a San Francisco panel that argues 'people power' can overcome the failures of a deficient media and prevent nuclear debacle. Speakers at the recent anti-nuclear forum included Ray McGovern, Marylia Kelley, and Jacqueline Cabasso.

Trump on Climate: Shouldn't Entrenched Stupidity Be Grounds for Impeachment?
(Associated Press)

In November 2012, Trumps began calling climate change a hoax, "created by and for the Chinese in order to make US manufacturing non-competitive." Faced with a string of multi-billion-dollar floods and hurricanes, Trump has changed his tune. Sort of. "I think something's happening," he said, "but I don't know that it's manmade. I will say this: I don't want to give trillions and trillions of dollars. I don't want to lose millions and millions of jobs." But it seems losing hundreds of thousands of homes is acceptable.

12 Years Left to Act: What Climate Failure Would Mean
(Bob Berwyn / InsideClimate News)

Another half-degree Celsius rise in global temperatures will dramatically increase risks to people and ecosystems they depend on, a new report shows. Stopping it means cutting emissions fast. Without a radical transformation of energy, transportation and agriculture systems the planet with confront unprecedented risks to human civilization and the ecosystems that sustain life on Earth.

Trump Dismisses UN Report That Sounds Climate Change Alarm; Trump's Supreme Court Writes Off the Planet's Future
(Lydia O'Connor / The Huffington Post & Chris D'Angelo / The Huffington Post & Jay Michaelson / The Daily Beast)

Donald Trump sounded skeptical about the United Nation's dire new report on the potentially catastrophic effects of climate change, telling reporters that he wants to look into those who crafted it. Trump said the report "was given to me. And I want to look at who drew it" (appearing to mistake the report for a children's coloring book).

The Fate of Our 190,000-Years-Old Human Race Depends on a Massive Greening Effort Over Just 30 Years
(Juan Cole / Informed Comment)

Commentary: In a new scientific report, terrified scientists are warning -- as vehemently as these polite researchers know how -- that we need to be Net Zero Carbon by 2050 and we have to jump on getting there RIGHT NOW -- during the next decade -- or else, Very Bad Things will happen. What can we do? It isn't so hard, folks. And it isn't expensive. It will actually save us all massive amounts of money. Above all, elect Green politicians: Government has the levers necessary to make things happen quickly.

ACTION ALERT: Block Trump's 'Easy-fire' Nukes; Challenge the Expanded Nuclear-War-Powers Obama Created
(Win Without War & Marc Ambiner / Politico)

Can you imagine Donald Trump having access to a nuclear bomb that he and his advisers think is safe to use? Well, the Pentagon is on track to give him exactly that. Thanks to Barack Obama, our current nuclear war plans -- OPLAN 8010-12 -- specifically envision a scenario where the president orders a limited nuclear strike to deter proliferators of weapons of mass destruction. Sarin gas qualifies. So, under Obama's expanded nuclear war plan, Trump could have ordered a nuclear bomb dropped on Syria..

As Climate Warms, Trump Attacks Pollution Laws, Sabotages Regulators
(James Osborne / The Houston Chronicle & Scott Waldman / E&E News Climatewire)

Trump's plans to bail out the financially struggling coal and nuclear power sectors drew criticism from both parties but his policy of "Polluters First" continues to put the country -- and the planet -- at risk. Trump now plans to install Bernard McNamee, a fossil-fuel promoter to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. In addition, Trump wants to rewrite regulations to undermine the positive health and social benefits of reducing exposure to pollutants like mercury, industrial gases, and radiation.

Latest UN Report on Global Warming Carries "Life-or-Death Warning"
(Associated Press & The New Arab & Agence France-Presse & Phil McKenna / Inside Climate News & Carolyn Gramling / Science News)

In a 728-page report, the Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change detailed how Earth's weather, health and ecosystems would be in better shape if the world's leaders could limit future human-caused planetary warming to just 0.9 degrees Fahrenheit (a half degree Celsius) instead of the currently agreed-upon goal of 1.8 degrees F. A lead author of the report warned that the planet is now facing "a life-or-death situation without a doubt."

The Environmental Consequences of a Justice Brett Kavanaugh
(Emily Atkin / The New Republic)

If Brett Kavanaugh wins an appointment to a seat on the Supreme Court, SCOTUS will have an entrenched majority of pro-business, anti-regulatory justices. Under this scenario of a conservative majority, it seems likely that the EPA would no longer be required to count so-called "co-benefits" of reducing pollutants like soot and nitrogen oxide when it's regulating mercury, for instance. It would only be required to count the benefits of reducing mercury.

Why Aren't We Talking More About Trump's Nihilism?
(Matt Taibbi / The Rolling Stone)

Commentary: While the press has focused either on Donald Trump's daily lunacies or his various scandals, the real danger of Trump's administration have been his systematic wreckage of the state. A policy that not only recognizes but embraces inevitable global catastrophe is the ultimate expression of Trump's somehow under-reported nihilism. At first climate change was a "hoax." Now the White House says we might as well pollute because global catastrophe is inevitable.

The 'Silent Green Wave' That Could Rock the November Vote
(Russell McLendon / Mother Nature Network)

Environmental issues tend to fall through the cracks in American politics, where they are often ignored, belittled or even denied by politicians. Yet this familiar political climate, much like Earth's climate, is more changeable than it might seem. There are 15 million Americans who consider themselves to be environmentalists but who never bother to vote. What if a new "Green Wave" of Earth-loving voters decided to show up at polling stations in November?

The Effects of Modern War and Military Activities
(Michael J. Lawrence, Aaron J. Zolderdo, Daniel P. Struthers, Steven J. Cooke and Holly L.J. Stemberger / Carleton University)

War is an ever-present force that has the potential to alter the biosphere. Here we review the potential consequences of modern war and military activities on ecosystem structure and function. We focus on the effects of direct conflict, nuclear weapons, military training, and military produced contaminants. Overall, the aforementioned activities were found to have overwhelmingly negative effects on ecosystem structure and function.

Climate Catastrophe Threatens Global Health and Food Emergencies
(Justine Calma / Grist & Nicola Davis / The Guardian & Carla Green / The Guardian)

One of the larger themes at this week's massive Global Climate Action Summit taking place in San Francisco is the relationship between climate change and human health. City heatwaves could lead to two to three times as many deaths by 2050, the report says. Rising levels of carbon dioxide could make crops less nutritious and damage the health of hundreds of millions of people. By 2100, without a reduction in emissions, California could see a 77% increase in the average area burned by wildfires.

Trump Cuts Humanitarian Aid for Palestinians; Has No Plan for Peace
(Daniel Estrin / National Public Radio & Ali Sawafta and Maayan Lubell / Reuters)

The Trump administration has confirmed it will no longer fund peace-building programs for Palestinians and Israelis -- including an interfaith youth program and a project for children with disabilities. It's the latest in a series of announcements of the US cutting hundreds of millions of dollars for Palestinians -- a move that could put "Israelis and Palestinians on a collision course for further conflict."

The Importance of Remembering World War 1
(Harry Blain / AntiWar.com & Robert M. La Follette)

The First World War -- known as the "Great War" in Europe -- has largely faded from memory on this side of the Atlantic. Arguably, this is because our involvement was so brief -- joining the slaughter over two years after it began and leaving it just over eighteen months later. But, beyond the fact that it claimed the lives of over 100,000 Americans, there are good reasons why, a century later, we should remember this chapter in our history, not least because it has ominous parallels with today.

Pentagon Misleads American Public on the Afghan War
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Rod Nordland, As Ngu and Fähig Abed / The New York Times)

Seventeen years into the war in Afghanistan, the Pentagon has gone through several periods of trying to sell the American public on the idea that the war isn't a disastrous failure. This is increasingly difficult, because the war is going really badly.

Protecting Half the Earth
(Shreya Dasgupta / Mongabay)

How much of the Earth should we protect to save species from going extinct? Some conservationists have suggested an ambitious number: half of the planet. Prominent biologist Edward O. Wilson, for instance, proposes devoting half the world to nature would help save the majority of species. But what half do we protect? According to a new study, achieving this figure simply by creating large protected areas isn't going to save much biodiversity. We need to protect the right areas -- places that. have species in them

ACTION ALERT: Social and Ecological Imperatives of War Abolition & WBW's 2018 #NoWar Conference: Sept. 21-22
(Greta Zarro / World BEYOND War )

World BEYOND War is a decentralized, global grassroots network of volunteers, activists, and allied organizations advocating for the abolition of the very institution of war and its replacement with a culture of peace. Our work follows a two-pronged approach of peace education and nonviolent direct action organizing campaigns. More than 75,000 people from 173 countries have signed our declaration of peace, pledging to work nonviolently for a world beyond war. Join us in Toronto on September 21-22.

WWIII Fears: US "Test-drops" Nuclear Bomb; Russia Threatens Use of Nuclear Weapons in Syria
(Kris Osborn / The National Interest & Warrior Maven & Matt Drake / The Express)

Russia has warned it may deploy nuclear weapons to Syria in response to the US policy of imposing sanctions over Moscow crossing "red lines", a senior Russian lawmaker has warned. Meanwhile, a USAF B-2 Stealth bomber has test-dropped an upgraded B61-12 nuclear bomb. The Pentagon claims this more "usable" weapon "changes the strategic landscape with regard to nuclear weapons mission possibilities."

US and Russia Continue Plans for a World-ending Nuclear War
(Tyler Durden / Zero Hedge & Anna Nemtsova / The Daily Beast & Nikolay Shevchenko / Russia Beyond & Anton Valagin / Rossiyaskaya Gazeta)

FEMA has significantly updated its nuclear disaster plans. The new scenario has been described as "truly terrifying." The new plan includes preparedness for a scenario involving large-scale thermonuclear detonations -- 100 kiloton to 1,000 kiloton detonations -- "over the 60 largest US cities." In Russia, 40 million people recently participated nuclear-war "defense" drills and massive bunkers have been built below Moscow to shelter millions of civilians in the event of a nuclear attack.

EPA Scientists Rebel over Trump's Pro-Petrol Pollution Plan
(Chris Mooney and Dino Grandoni / The Washington Post)

Staffers at the EPA strongly criticized the logic behind a recent move to loosen future gas mileage rules for cars -- at one point requesting that the EPA's name and logo be removed from a key regulatory report. Documents released Tuesday provide a window into a tense technical battle between experts at two separate government agencies -- the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Weeks before the rollout of a massive new proposal, the two agencies had major disagreements.

ACTION ALERT: Say NO to Trump's Pro-polluter Environmental Rollbacks
(Democratic Climate Action & Emily Holden / Politico)

Trump's official climate plan reinforces what we've known about the president all along: He is anti-environment to the core. We need concerned Americans to step up NOW and make their voices heard on Trump's destructive agenda: a whole range of extreme, anti-environment actions with absolutely no check from the federal government. That means already dangerous weather could get even more dangerous, high temperatures could rise even higher and the costs to respond to catastrophes could get even costlier.

Warming Warning: US Oil Industry Was Warned of Climate Catastrophe . . . in 1959
(Benjamin Franta / The Guardian & Neela Banerjee / Inside Climate News)

In 1959, Edward Teller warned the US Oil Industry: "Energy resources will run short as we use more and more of the fossil fuels. . . . But [there is] another reason why we probably have to look for additional fuel supplies. And this, strangely, is the question of contaminating the atmosphere. Whenever you burn conventional fuel, you create carbon dioxide. A temperature rise corresponding to a 10 percent increase in CO2 will be sufficient to melt the icecap and submerge New York."

67 Years After America's Atomic Holocaust, Japan's Survivors Still Suffer
(David Swanson / David Swanson.org)

Americans need to acknowledge the holocaust their leaders unleashed on Japan's civilian population. "Some walked or crawled. Some made it to hospitals where others could hear their exposed bones clacking on the floor like high heels. The dead sounded metallic when thrown into trashcans and trucks, sometimes with their children crying and moaning for them nearby. The black rain fell for days, raining death and horror. Those who drank water died instantly. Those who thirsted dared not drink."

Wildfires Increasing Threat to Planet: Trump Won't Act but California's Governor Just Might
(Amy Goodman, Michael Mann and Michael Brune / Democracy Now! & Michael Brune / Medium.com & )

Even as we deal with the Trump administration's cascade of corruption, the climate-change clock keeps ticking. The math is merciless: If we don't accelerate a phaseout of fossil fuels, today's wildfires, droughts, and extreme weather will seem mild compared to what's coming. We can't count on Washington to tackle this problem. The solution? Take the challenge to the one state that's got the political, moral, and environmental clout to challenge Trump's devastating denial of a visible, existential danger.

ACTION ALERT: As Wildfires Rage Worldwide, Activists Plan March at September Climate Action Summit
( & Nina Chestney / Reuters)

Real climate leadership rises from the grassroots up. Thousands of people from around the world are getting ready to Rise for climate, jobs, and justice on September 8th. In September, world leaders are meeting at the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco. On Sept. 8th, let's show them we need bold action. Join thousands of people from across the world for a global day of action to demand a just transition to 100% clean energy.

ACTION ALERT: Remember Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Global Actions to Abolish Nuclear Arms
(Abolition 2000 & The Global Coalition to Abolish Nuclear Weapons & The Basel Peace Office)

The risk of a nuclear war by accident, miscalculation or intent has risen due to unstable leaders and unresolved tensions. August 6 and 9 are the 73rd anniversaries of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. According to the 'Doomsday Clock' the world is just '2 Minutes to Midnight', the closest we have been to nuclear war since the height of the Cold War. Global gatherings will remember the holocausts of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Please raise your voice and make a difference by abolishing nuclear weapons.

ACTION ALERT: The Appeal of the Hibakusha, Japan's A-bomb Survivors
(Japan Confederation of A-and H-Bomb Sufferers Organizations)

The Hibakusha Appeal is a signature campaign calling for an international treaty to ban and eliminate nuclear weapons. The average age of the Hibakusha is now over 80 years old, yet the threat of a global nuclear war seems to be growing larger each day. The horrors of "Hell on Earth" that the Hibakusha have experienced should never be repeated again. Signatures will be collected until 2020, or until such a treaty is realized.

Kids and Lawyers vs. Big Oil: Climate Suits Dismissed and Sustained
(Lawrence Hurley / Reuters & Nicholas Kusnetz and David Hasemyer / InsideClimate News)

The US Supreme Court has rejected a bid by the Trump' administration to halt a lawsuit filed by 21 young activists who have accused Washington of ignoring the perils of climate change. Meanwhile New York City has lost a bid to hold the oil industry responsible for the costs of adapting to sea-level rise triggered by increasing heat. New York Mayor Bill de Blasio has vowed to appeal the ruling.

Daniel Ellsberg Unmasks the Existential Danger of the Nuclear Doomsday Machine
(Paul W. Rea / Environmentalists Against War)

Researcher, writer, and activist Daniel Ellsberg is internationally recognized for blowing the whistle on the outrageous violence in Vietnam. But late in 2017, Ellsberg delivered another disturbing expose -- one that reveals the persistent and growing danger of nuclear weapons. "The Doomsday Machine" emerges from Ellsberg's insider knowledge that atomic weapons on hair-trigger alert for over 60 years ca still -- in less than a half hour, by intent, mistake or a simple error -- bring an end to nearly all life on Earth.

ACTION ALERT: War on Planet and Health: Stop Trumps NAFTA
(Friends of the Earth)

Donald Trump is renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. Trump's NAFTA 2.0 would lock in his rollback of essential environmental, public health, and consumer regulations while blocking new safeguards for food, chemicals, pesticides, and GMOs. Trump's NAFTA is nothing more than a giveaway to giant corporations, including the pesticide industry and other polluters. Congress can stop this attack on protections for people and the planet.

Trump Warns NATO Collective Defense Could Start World War III
(AntiWar.com & The Hill & Reuters)

Donald Trump has once again stirred up fury among NATO nations, this time by questioning the wisdom of NATO's collective defense terms. Trump noted that under the pact, even the tiny nation of Montenegro "may get aggressive and congratulations, you're in World War III." Meanwhile, Russia has called for new steps to limit atomic war -- and has revealed its newest "super weapons."

Red-hot Planet: All-time Heat Records Set Worldwide over Past Week
(Jason Samenow / The Washington Post & United Nations & Vanessa Romo / NPR )

From the normally mild summer climes of Ireland, Scotland and Canada to the scorching Middle East to Southern California, numerous locations in the Northern Hemisphere have witnessed their hottest weather ever recorded over the past week. Africa may have witnessed its all-time hottest temperature Thursday: 124 degrees in Algeria.

On the 50th Anniversary of the Non-Proliferation Treaty: An Exercise in Bad Faith
(Alice Slater / World BEYOND War)

On July 1, the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) will turn 50 years old. In that agreement, five nuclear weapons states -- the US, Russia, UK, France, and China -- promised, a half a century ago, to make "good faith efforts" to give up their nuclear weapons, while non-nuclear weapons states promised not to acquire them. Every country in the world agreed to join the treaty except for India, Pakistan, and Israel. Despite the passage of 50 years, there are still about 15,000 nuclear weapons on our planet.

ACTION ALERT: Reject Trump's Supreme Court Pick
(Friends of the Earth & As It Happens / CBC Radio)

If Trump successfully installs Brett Kavanaugh to fill Justice Anthony Kennedy’s seat, he'll have a rubber stamp on his radical right-wing agenda for a generation to come. Trump's Court could gut our environmental protections, hand even more power to giant corporations, and strip individuals of their voting rights. The risks are so grave that American University environmental law professor Bill Snape likens Kavanaugh to the Harry Potter villain, Lord Voldemort.

Pope Francis Calls for People Power Ahead of Climate Summit
(350.org & Pope Francis)

As a co-organizer of the global Rise for Climate mobilization, 350.org welcomes today's call by Pope Francis for 'citizens' pressure groups' to take action ahead of the Global Climate Action Summit that is taking place in San Francisco, USA on 12-14 September, to ensure it provides 'suitable responses' to the climate crisis. "Reducing greenhouse gases requires honesty, courage and responsibility, above all on the part of those countries which are more powerful and pollute the most" the Pope said.

Warships Sailing on Dying Oceans
(Sophie M. Lavoie / NB Media Coop)

Tamara Lorincz asked a Fredericton audience if it would be happy to take leave of the planet while sailing on a warship in a lifeless ocean. "Federal budgets are "moral documents" and our priorities are not on the environment. What about environmental and human security? Do we want to spend 'the precious reserves' we have on military spending? The environment is essential to our sustained survival and there is a need for peaceful alternatives."

Humans 0.01% of Life Have Destroyed 83% Wild Mammals
(Damian Carrington / The Guardian)

A groundbreaking assessment of all life on Earth reveals humanity's surprisingly tiny part in it -- as well as our disproportionate impact. Humankind is simultaneously insignificant and utterly dominant in the grand scheme of life on Earth. While the world's 7.6 billion people represent just 0.01% of all living things, since the dawn of civilisation, humanity has caused the loss of 83% of all wild mammals and half of plants.

The Global Pact for the Environment: Protecting Nature from the Devastation of Armed Conflicts
(Doug Weir / Conflict and Environment Observatory)

How would a new legally binding international instrument that seeks to define the principles of environmental law influence ongoing efforts to strengthen the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflicts?

Doctors and Scientists Issue Global Warning: Increased Radiation from the "Internet of Things" and the 5G Revolution Risks Widespread Illness and Death
(Mark Hertsgaard and Mark Dowie / The Nation & EHTrust.org)

More than 180 scientists and doctors from 35 countries have sent an urgent appeal to officials of the European Commission demanding a moratorium on the increase of cell antennas for planned 5G expansion citing extreme concerns over health effects from higher radiation exposure including the potential for major increases in neurological impacts, infertility, and cancer. They call for a moratorium on the roll-out of 5G until potential risks to human health have been fully investigated by independent scientists.

ACTION ALERT: Support for Nuclear Ban Treaty Growing in the US and Around the World
(NuclearBan.US & The International Campaign to Ban Nuclear Weapons (ICAN))

This Treaty, which prohibits the development, testing, production, deployment, use and threat of use of nuclear weapons, was adopted by 122 countries at the UN on 7 July 2017. The US and other nuclear weapon possessor states boycotted the negotiations and have been pressuring other countries not to sign the Treaty. Activists in the US want cities, states, businesses, universities, faith communities, and individuals to defy the US and join the rest of the world to ban nuclear weapons of mass destruction.

Planetary Emergency: The Invisible Rainbow of Electromagnetic Radiation
(Arthur Firstenberg / Global Union Against Radiation Deployment from Space & Book Review by Jennifer Wood)

Many are the assaults on our planet. The oceans are dying. The majestic wilderness is no more. The very oxygen we breathe is being converted to carbon dioxide. But there is a new threat: we must leave space alone. On March 29, 2018, the FCC gave its approval to SpaceX's plan to launch the first of 12,000 satellites into low Earth orbit to provide "ultrafast, lag-free Internet" to every square inch of Earth -- 5G from space. The global electrical circuit, which sustains all life, is about to be seriously disturbed.

Move Over Chernobyl, Fukushima is Now the World's Worst Nuclear Disaster
(John LaForge / CounterPunch & ZeroHedge)

The radiation dispersed into the environment by the three reactor meltdowns at Fukushima-Daiichi in Japan has exceeded that of the April 26, 1986 Chernobyl catastrophe, so we may stop calling it the "second worst" nuclear power disaster in history. Total atmospheric releases from Fukushima are estimated to be between 5.6 and 8.1 times that of Chernobyl. Chernobyl's reactor No. 4 blew apart and burned for 40 days, spreading fallout across the Northern Hemisphere. Fukushima was much worse.

Combating Militarism on Earth Day
(Steve Fake / Just World Educational)

On April 19, as a prelude to Earth Day, Just World Educational hosted a live Facebook discussion on its Earth Day Appeal, "To Save the Earth, Curb Militarism!" The Live discussion featured Jackie Cabasso, Executive Director of Western States Legal Foundation and National Co-convener of United for Peace and Justice, and Gar Smith, the director of Environmentalists Against War, a member of the coordinating council at World Beyond War, and editor of The War and Environment Reader.

On Earth Day: "Why We Oppose War and Militarism"
(Environmentalists Against War)

On February 20, 2003, Environmentalists Against War (a global coalition of antiwar organizations) held a press conference at the San Francisco office of the Sierra Club to announce its opposition to the George W. Bush administration’s imminent attack on Iraq. A joint statement -- signed by more than 100 environmental, antiwar, and social-justice organizations from around the world -- enumerated 11 reasons to reject war and militarism.

For Earth Day: Protecting Nature from War
(The United Nations Environment Programme)

"The environment continues to be the silent victim of armed conflicts worldwide. The toll of warfare today reaches far beyond human suffering, displacement, and damage to homes and infrastructure. Modern conflicts also cause extensive destruction and degradation of the environment. Environmental damage, which often extends beyond the borders of conflict-affected countries, can threaten the lives and livelihoods of people well after peace agreements are signed."

An Appeal for Earth Day, 2018: To Save the Earth, Curb Militarism!
(CODEPINK, Environmentalists Against War, Just World Educational, Traprock Center for Peace & Justice, and World Beyond War)

CODEPINK, Environmentalists Against War, Just World Educational, Traprock Center for Peace & Justice, and World Beyond War, invite citizens and organizations in the US and around the world to express support for the statement that follows. We are hoping to gather as many individual signatures and organizational endorsements as possible between now and Earth Day, April 22.

Economic Sanctions and Blockades: Tools of Regime Change
(Chuck Kaufman / NicaNotes @ Alliance for Global Justice)

The US Office of Foreign Asset Control (the agency that enforces the US economic blockade of Cuba) has informed the Nicaragua business and banking communities that sanctions against Venezuela and the Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA, will now apply to Albanisa in Nicaragua as well. Let's be clear about one thing: unilateral sanctions are illegal under international law so Trump's sanctions against Venezuela -- and those of President Obama before him -- are illegal, just as is the US embargo of Cuba.

Climate Change Has Become A Major Threat to Global Wildlife
(Chelsea Harvey / E&E News & Scientific American & Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services / Science Daily)

Biodiversity -- the essential variety of life forms on Earth -- continues to decline in every region of the world, significantly reducing nature's capacity to contribute to people's well-being. This alarming trend endangers economies, livelihoods, food security and the quality of life of people everywhere, according to four landmark science reports written by more than 550 leading experts, from over 100 countries.

Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence
(Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.)

The war in Vietnam is but a symptom of a far deeper malady within the American spirit. The Western arrogance of feeling that it has everything to teach others and nothing to learn from them is not just. A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death.

Burlington Vermont Votes to Block F-35 Fighter Jets
(The Burlington Peace and Justice Center)

Burlington's City Council voted 9-3 to block USAF plans to base F-35 fighter jets at Burlington's International Airport. The vote came three weeks after the voters approved a citizen initiative to cancel the planned F-35 basing. Noise from the F-35 can damage hearing, children's cognitive abilities, and trigger heart attacks in adults. Nearly 3,000 local homes would become unlivable do to the increased noise. Meanwhile, the F-35 drains $1.4 trillion from health care, education, affordable housing, and infrastructure.

Army Document: US Plan to 'Dethrone' Putin for Oil Risks WWIII
(Nafeez Ahmed / Medium.com & Insurge Intelligence)

The overwhelming chorus from traditional reporting on Russia, presents the United States as being under threat from fanatical Russian expansionism. Meanwhile, Russia sees the US as a meddling, global aggressor. Now, a candid US Army document concedes the real interests driving US military strategy toward Russia. The goal is to "dethrone" Putin in order to dominate oil pipeline routes, access the vast natural resources of Central Asia, and enforce the expansion of American capitalism worldwide.

5 Steps to Stop Trump from Blowing up the World by the End of May
(Helena Cobban / Just World Education Blogpost)

Commentary: "You have to believe the world is in trouble when a Defense Secretary hailed by Pres. Trump (and many others) as "Mad Dog Mattis" now looks as if he will be the most moderate high-level person in Washington's national-security team. By the decisions he's made over the past two weeks, to replace Secretary of State Rex Tillerson with Mike Pompeo, and National Security Council advisor H.R. McMaster with John Bolton, Trump is now veering into full 'Dr. Strangelove' mode."

Insiders Admit Trump's Defense Budget Is
(Lawrence J. Korb / Center for American Progress)

As part of the recent deal to keep the government open, Congress agreed to increase the FY 2018 defense budget to $700 billion -- an increase of $108 billion, or 18 percent, above the proposed 2017 budget -- and the FY 2019 budget to $716 billion. This means that since Trump took office, the defense budget will have grown by $133 billion, or 23 percent. But current and former generals insist the Pentagon is not suffering from a lack of funds and that such claims are "overblown."

Trump's Interior Department Calls Wildlife Protection Laws "Totalitarian Tactics"
(Elizabeth Shogren / Reveal @ The Center for Investigative Reporting)

Since the 1970s, federal officials had used the Migratory Bird Treaty Act to prosecute and fine companies that accidentally killed birds with oil pits, wind turbines, spills or other industrial hazards. But a legal decision issued in December by the Interior Department revoked that ability. Under the new interpretation, the law no longer applies to oil spills. Wildlife officials predict deadly consequences for migratory birds.

Mikhail Gorbachev on the Growing Risk of Nuclear War
(Mikhail Gorbachev / TIME Magazine)

In 1985, negotiations between the USSR and the United States opened the way to ending the nuclear arms race. We reached agreement with one of the most hawkish US presidents, Ronald Reagan, to radically reduce the arsenals. Today, those achievements are in jeopardy. More and more, defense planning looks like preparation for real war amid continued militarization of politics, thinking and rhetoric.

Drain the Swamp: The Pentagon Robbed Taxpayers of $16 Billion
(Mandy Smithberger / The Project on Government Oversight & Linda J. Bilmes and Joseph E. Stiglitz / The Washington Post)

Under the law, when a foreign government buys US weapon systems through the Department of Defense those governments are required to reimburse the Department for research, development and other one-time costs for those systems. A recent audit by the Government Accountability Office found the department has waived $16 billion it could have recovered for taxpayers on $250 billion worth of weapons sold under the Foreign Military Sales program from 2012 to 2017.

Former Defense Secretary William Perry on Trump and the Nuclear Threat
(Robert Scheer / Truthdig)

The following interview with William Perry, the United States Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1997 under President Bill Clinton, was first published on Truthdig in September 2017. We are reposting Perry's warning about the rising danger of nuclear war in response to Donald Trump's call for the modernization of US nuclear forces and Vladimir Putin's response in his speech this week showing Russia's new nuclear weapons arsenal.

War Threatens Our Environment
(World Beyond War)

A major motivation behind some wars is the desire to control resources that poison the earth, especially oil and gas. Oil can be leaked or burned off, as in the Gulf War, but primarily it is put to use in all kinds of machines polluting Earth's atmosphere, placing us all at risk. The interplay of war with oil goes beyond that, however. The wars themselves, whether or not fought for oil, consume huge quantities of it. One of the world's top consumers of oil, in fact, is the US military.

Fight Climate Change, Not Wars
(Naomi Klein / EnviroNation & Stephen Kretzmann / Oil Change International)

In 2009, the Obama administration's climate negotiators in Geneva suggested that Washington might be willing to contribute a paltry $1.4-billion to an international climate change fund. Meanwhile, the cost of the the Pentagon's planned "surge" inside Afghanistan was estimated to cost $30-40-billion. Wars drain money that could be spent helping countries adapt to climate change and shift to green energy. Wars also deepen the climate crisis because they are themselves major sources of greenhouse gasses.

Why Are Moderns Wars Costing More and Lasting Longer?
(Associated Press & Stephen M. Walt / Foreign Policy & Barbara F. Walter / Political Violence at a Glance)

According to UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, competing global alliances, cyber threats, scarce resources and multiplying political factions and armed groups are making modern conflicts more intractable. As a result, conflicts today last longer -- more than 20 years on average -- and often involve multiple armed groups competing for control of government institutions, natural resources and territory.

Scientists Raise Alarm: Arctic Melting Is in Overdrive
(Lorraine Chow / EcoWatch & Justin Mikulka / Desmog Blog)

Over the past few days, many climate scientists took to social media to express dismay over the Arctic's unseasonably warm temperatures and record-low sea ice. At the height of winter, the region is clocking temperatures normally seen in May. "The northernmost permanent weather station in the world -- just 440 miles from the North Pole -- has warmed to 43°F today" and this warming comes "in the middle of months-long darkness during what is normally the coldest time of the year."

Normalizing Nukes in the Age of President Strangelove
(Tom Engelhardt / TomDispatch & Rajan Menon / TomDispatch)

In the Trump era, the Pentagon is calling for new, more "useable" nuclear weapons. Why? To give the commander-in-chief more "flexibility" in conducting "small" and "limited" nuclear attacks -- on declared "enemies" that have not attacked the US, on countries that threaten Washington's allies, on countries that commit "aggression" in the form of cyber-attacks. Hack the US and expect thermonuclear "fire and fury." This new game plan for nuclear war is a "road to hell paved with the worst intentions imaginable."

Trump: If North Korea Doesn't Obey Me, I Might Punish the Whole World
(Eric Levitz / New York Magazine & Alex Ward / VOX.com<)

President Trump used a high-profile speech Friday morning to attack the media, rehash his surprise Electoral College win, promise to build his controversial border wall, and lead a crowd of conservative political activists in chants of, "Lock her up." Then, near the very end of his remarks, Trump casually said he was targeting North Korea with what he called the "heaviest sanctions ever imposed on a country before." If that fails, Trump threatened to take measures that would be "very unfortunate for the world."

Big Oil Continues to Lie about Climate Change While Its Critics Are Strong-armed and Silenced
(Elliott Negin / EcoWatch)

ExxonMobil is still very much engaged in trying to stymie any government attempt to seriously address climate change. Meanwhile, Lissa Lucas, a West Virginia resident who is running for a House seat, traveled over 100 miles to testify against an oil-and-gas-industry sponsored bill. She was physically removed from the podium when she began listing oil lobbyists' contributions to local politicians.

Trump's Budget Proposal Includes Major Cuts to Environmental Programs
(Mythili Sampathkumar / The Independent)

Donald Trump's budget proposal includes steep cuts to -- or the complete elimination of -- many critical;y important environmental programs. This comes despite a deal made in Congress last week that added hundreds of billions of dollars in new, general funding to the federal budget. Trump's proposed budget reflects many of the priorities outlined in the first proposal submitted last April. Called the "skinny budget," it focused heavily on military spending. Congress must still debate, amend and approve the budget.

ACTION ALERT: Trump's New Nuclear Doctrine Called a "Roadmap to Nuclear War"
(The Basel Peace Office, Abolition 2000, Sen. Edward J Markey et al.)

The Trump administration's new Nuclear Posture Review has been criticized as a "roadmap to nuclear war" that calls for developing new low-yield "tactical" nuclear weapons and increases the role of nuclear weapons in US military planning by lowering the bar on the threats that could trigger a nuclear war. It backs a modernization of the existing nuclear arsenal that would increase the nuclear weapons budget by $60 billion per year.

ACTION ALERT: New Trump Nuclear Policy Veers into Dangerous Territory
(Martin Fleck / Physicians for Social Responsibility)

The Huffington Post has leaked a draft of the Trump administration's new Nuclear Posture Review. The NPR, which officially defines the role of US nuclear weapons, dangerously increases reliance on nuclear weapons rather than pursuing diplomacy to prevent conflict and move towards arms reductions. Help PSR hold our government accountable in calling this reckless policy unacceptable.

Heatwaves and Fires: Hell on Earth for Australia's Wildlife
(International Fund for Animal Wildlife & National Geographic & Nikkei Asian Review)

After an intense heat wave in Australia which spiked past 117°F this month, the animal death toll in New South Wales is climbing. The extreme heat and bushfires in New South Wales, Australia are scorching animals' homes. Helpless animals have been left orphaned and suffering from heat exhaustion, starvation and burns. Your urgently needed gift can help save suffering wildlife in New South Wales, Australia and animals in need throughout the world.

Atomic 'Doomsday Clock' Now One Minute Closer to Nuclear Midnight
(Doyle Rice / USA TODAY)

"Because of the extraordinary danger of the current moment, the Science and Security Board today moves the minute hand of the Doomsday Clock 30 seconds closer to catastrophe," said Rachel Bronson, president of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. "This is the closest the Clock has ever been to Doomsday, and as close as it was in 1953, at the height of the Cold War."

ACTION ALERT: Legislation to Prevent Trump from Starting Nuclear War Introduced as 'Doomsday Clock' Nears Midnight
(Basel Peace Office & Hon. Edward J. Markey / US Senate)

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists today moved the hands of the symbolic Doomsday Clock to 2 Minutes to Midnight, indicating that the world is the closest to possible nuclear Armageddon since the height of the Cold War. Now 22 Senators say US commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons -- not the creation of new, more "usable" weapons -- should be core components of Nuclear Posture Review.

A Troubling Series of False Nuclear Missile Alarms: From Hawaii, Japan, and the Pentagon
(Lucy Steigerwald / Foundation for Economic Education & The Associated Press & Alex Ward / VOX News)

On January 13, residents of Hawaii were terrified by a text message that said a missile was heading their way, and they should "seek shelter immediately." On January 17, the Japan Broadcasting Corp. issued an erroneous alert about a North Korean missile fired at Japan. On January 15, the Pentagon tweeted false report claiming that the US maintains "secret silos" for its nuclear warheads and has "B-1 bombers that can drop them from the air." Should the survival of humanity hinge on bureaucratic protocols?

Hawaii's Fake Missile Alert versus a Real Existential Threat
(Robert Reich & Jon Letman / The Daily Beast<)

Commentary: "I know this could be the end of my life. Or not. The tub is filling with water. My wife and son are seated on the bathroom floor, the most protected room in the house, I suppose. But the thought this wooden could protect us is laughable but I know there is no time to go anywhere. ""Something must be done. Not just about the flawed warning system in Hawaii, but about a world in which nations are poised to destroy each other with barely a moment's notice.:

ACTION ALERT: Tell Twitter to Revoke Donald Trump's Twitter Account
(CREDO Mobile & Jack Moore / GQ Magazine)

Donald Trump has used Twitter to demean religions, other countries, immigrants, and world leaders. Now he is using Twitter to threaten a nuclear crisis. Ordinarily an online comment like that would send the CIA and FBI scrambling into action to track down and immobilized the "terrorist threat." It's time to demand that Twitter revoke Donald Trump's Twitter account for violations of the terms of service and institute safeguards to prevent a single tweet from sparking armed conflict.

Ellsberg's The Doomsday Machine: The Madness of America's Nuclear Weapons
(William J. Astore / AntiWar.com)

Daniel Ellsberg's new book, The Doomsday Machine: Confessions of a Nuclear War Planner, is a shattering portrayal of the genocidal nature of US nuclear planning during the Cold War -- and that threat of worldwide genocide (or omnicide, a word Ellsberg uses to describe the death of nearly everything from a nuclear exchange that would generate disastrous cooling due to nuclear winter) persists to this day.

The GOP Tax Bill: How the Environment Lost
(Lorraine Chow / EcoWatch)

The Republican tax bill has major repercussions for our precious environment. While the electric vehicle industry and the wind and solar sector can breathe a little easier that the sweeping legislation preserves their tax credits, fossil fuel producers are likely cheering the opening of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling. Environment America notes that the bill continues massive incentives for fossil fuel production amounting to tens of billions of dollars over the next decade.

ICC Rules Aggression Is a War Crime: Will Washington Be Held to Account?
(Coalition for the International Criminal Court)

Marathon diplomatic negotiations at 16th Assembly of States Parties in New York have achieved consensus on activating International Criminal Court jurisdiction over world leaders who wage aggressive wars -- with conditions. "For the first time since the post-WWII trials in Nuremburg and Tokyo, an international court may be able to hold leaders individually criminally responsible for the crime of aggression."

Meet the Private Corporations that Have Grown Rich Building A Nuclear Arsenal that Could Kill US All
(Richard Krushnic and Jonathan Alan King / TomDispatch & The Nation)

Many Americans are unaware that much of the responsibility for nuclear weapons development, production, and maintenance lies with the Department of Energy, which spends more on nuclear weapons than it does on developing sustainable energy sources. Key to the DOE's nuclear project are the federal laboratories where nuclear weapons are designed, built, and tested. Meanwhile, a small number of powerful companies are making billions working on weapons systems designed to end life on Earth.

16 Ways to Cut Defense Spending
(Jon Basil Utley / The American Conservative)

Admiral Mike Mullen, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that "the greatest threat to our national security is our debt." Former Congressmember Ron Paul says that only about half the defense budget is for defense, the other half is for militarism abroad. So here are 16 ways to cut its waste, fraud, and abuse of American taxpayers.

The US Is Stockpiling Nuclear Arms, and the Cost Is Astonishing
(Harry Blain / Foreign Policy In Focus & AntiWar.com)

Thanks to an October 31 report by the Congressional Budget Office, we now have a 30-year outline of both the kinds of destructive weaponry we are buying, and how much it is going to cost. There are good reasons to be worried. Total cost: $1.2 trillion. Enough money to fund five Environmental Protection Agencies. The "deterrence" value of such an investment isn't immediately clear. But the fiscal impacts will certainly further bankrupt the already debt-burdened US economy.

Too Dangerous: US Strategists Call for Eliminating the ICBM Nuclear Arsenal
(Scot J. Paltrow / Reuters)

Of all weapons in the US nuclear arsenal, the ICBM is the one most likely to cause accidental nuclear war, arms-control specialists say. It is for this reason that a growing number of former top Pentagon officials, military scholars and members of Congress are calling for the elimination of ICBMs. Former defense secretaries William Perry and Leon Pancetta are among those warning that, of all weapons in the US nuclear arsenal, the ICBM is the one most likely to cause accidental nuclear war.

The US Is Stockpiling Nuclear Arms, and the Cost Is Astonishing
(Harry Blain / Foreign Policy In Focus & AntiWar.com)

Thanks to an October 31 report by the Congressional Budget Office, we now have a 30-year outline of both the kinds of destructive weaponry we are buying, and how much it is going to cost. There are good reasons to be worried. Total cost: $1.2 trillion. Enough money to fund five Environmental Protection Agencies. The "deterrence" value of such an investment isn't immediately clear. But the fiscal impacts will certainly further bankrupt the debt-burdened US economy.

Fight Terrorism: Stop Bombing Cities and other Populated Areas
(Action On Armed Violence & Reaching Critical Will / Women's International League for Peace and Freedom)

When used in populated areas, explosive weapons cause great harm to individuals as well as to communities. According to Action on Armed Violence, between 80 and 90% of the people injured or killed are civilians in incidents where explosive weapons are used in populated areas. The use of these weapons also damages and destroys critical infrastructure such as housing, schools, hospitals, and water and sanitation systems, resulting in devastating long-term effects on people's lives far beyond the conflict itself.

Are US Leaders Planning to Make Nuclear Weapons "Usable"?
(Tom Engelhardt and Michael T. Klare / TomDispatch)

Under existing nuclear doctrine, as imagined by the Obama administration back in 2010, this country was to use nuclear weapons only "in extreme circumstances" to defend the vital interests of the country or of its allies. However, for Donald Trump, a man who has already threatened to unleash on North Korea "fire and fury like the world has never seen," such an approach is proving far too restrictive.

ACTION ALERT: Keep Trump's Thumb off the Nuclear Button
(Win Without War & Jim McGovern / US House of Representatives & The Union of Concerned Scientists & Nuclear Age Peace Foundation)

Preventing the US from triggering a nuclear apocalypse isn't just general common sense. It's also urgently-needed protection from a president with an itchy Twitter finger and the sole authority to launch nuclear war. Congressman Adam Smith has just introduced a one-sentence bill that gets right to the point: "It is the policy of the US to not use nuclear weapons first." Meanwhile Rep. Jim McGovern has introduced the "Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act" to block Trump's ability to start a nuclear war.

World's Scientists Issue Second "Warning to Humanity"
(William J. Ripple, Christopher Wolf, Thomas M. Newsmen, Mauro Galetti, Mohammed Alamgir, Eileen Crist, Mahmoud I. Mahmoud, William F. Laurance / BioScience / The American Institute of Biological Sciences)

Since 1992 -- with the exception of stabilizing the stratospheric ozone layer -- humanity has failed to make sufficient progress in solving our major environmental challenges. Most are getting far worse. In this paper, a team of leading scientists examine the troubling trends over the last 25 years and suggest possible remedies. The article has received support from more than 15,000 signatories from all ends of the Earth -- the most scientists to ever co-sign and formally support a published journal article.

Top 10 Ways to Stop Trump Nuking Anybody
(David Swanson / David Swanson.org)

Commentary: On Tuesday the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a hearing on whether Trump can just up and nuke people or not. The hand-picked witnesses, all former military, all said there was some chance that if Trump ordered a nuking, somebody might refuse to carry out the order. On what grounds? No witness or Senator ever mentioned the illegality of war under the UN Charter or the Kellogg-Briand Pact. Gere are some other possible approaches.

The Financial Cost of the US 'War on Terror'
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Caroline Houck / Defense One & Marcus Weisgerber / Defense One)

The cost of America's Global War on Terror has yet to be tabulated, and there's a very good reason for that. By and large, the US has not been paying for all of these wars, but rather has been borrowing to pay for the conflict. Analysts say a reckoning is coming -- even as Republicans seek tax cuts that will add at least $1.5 trillion to the national debt. The US is on a path to destroying itself in the name of "defense."

Conservatives Probably Can't Be Persuaded on Climate Change. So Now What?
(David Roberts / Vox)

When it comes to climate change, US conservatives inhabit a unique position, as part of the only major political party in the democratic world to reject the legitimacy of climate science and any domestic policy or international agreement meant to address it. Instead, the GOP is working actively to increase production and consumption of fossil fuels and to slow the transition to renewable energy.

The Paradise Papers: How Global Royalty -- in Politics, Sports, and Business -- Hide their Wealth to Avoid Taxes
(The Weekly Reveal / The Center for Investigative Reporting & The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists )

Reveal journalists have teamed up with International Consortium of Investigative Journalists -- the reporting team behind the 2015 disclosure of "The Panama Papers" -- to produce a new bombshell. A new leak of 13 million files containing confidential financial records reveals the tax-shelters and hideaways of superstar artists (Bono, Madonna), iconic brands (Apple, Facebook, Twitter) and power brokers across the political spectrum (from Trump appointees to the Queen of England).

Trump Continues Threats & Provocations Against North Korea, Laying Groundwork for Nuclear War
(Amy Goodman and Nermeen Shaikh / Democracy Now!)

Tensions between North Korea and the US have been building after a series of nuclear and missile tests by Pyongyang and intense verbal exchanges between Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. Tensions continued to mount after US Defense Secretary James Mattis's week-long visit to Asia and ahead of Trump's 12-day visit later this week. Meanwhile, Congressional Democrats are pushing legislation that would prevent Trump from launching a preemptive strike against North Korea.

Trump Wants to Put Nuclear Bombers Back on 24-Hour Alert
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Marcus Weisgerber / Defense One & Alastair Crooke / Consortium News)

US Air Force officials say they aren't planning to nuke anybody in particularly, but they are preparing to resume a 24-hour ready alert for nuclear bombers, the first time they've had such a role since 1991. Air Force chief Gen. David Goldfein is said to has been asking his advisers to think up new ways that the nuclear weapons "could be used for deterrence, or even combat." Goldfein stressed that the alert order had not been given, but that preparations were under way -- in anticipation that it might come.

ACTION ALERT: UN to Vote in One Week on Nuclear Disarmament Summit!
(UNFold Zero)

The Non-Aligned Movement, representing 120 countries, has submitted a draft resolution to the UN General Assembly laying out the general mandate and dates for a special United Nations process to advance comprehensive nuclear disarmament to take place at the United Nations in New York from May 14-16, 2018. UNFOLD ZERO asks you to contact your government and urge them to support the resolution.

PBS's Vietnam Documentary Leaves Out a Lot but it Does Include Nixon's Little-known Act of Treason
(David Swanson / David Swanson.org & World Beyond War)

Ken Burns and Lynn Novick's PBS documentary begins with the ludicrous idea that the US government had good intentions. It ends with praise for the memorial in DC and its tragic list of names -- without mention of the greater number of US veterans of that war who have since died from suicide, much less the vastly greater number of Vietnamese who were killed. The size of a memorial for all the dead would dwarf the current wall. I want to call particular attention to one item the film includes -- Richard Nixon's treason.

The Basel Declaration on the Crime of Nuclear Weapons
(Abolition 2000)

A four-day international conference of doctors, lawyers, scientists and nuclear experts from 27 countries has produced a statement condemning nuclear weapons and nuclear energy. The Basel Declaration states "the risks and impacts of nuclear weapons, depleted uranium weapons and nuclear energy, which are both transnational and trans-generational, constitute a violation of human rights, a transgression of international humanitarian and environmental law, and a crime against future generations."

Climate Change Could Extinguish Vital Parasites that Support Life on Earth
(Amy Goodman and Colin Carlson / Democracy Now!)

As the United States continues to deal with unprecedented floods and hurricanes, a new study has revealed climate change is also driving the mass extinction of parasites that are critical to natural ecosystems, and could add to the planet's sixth great mass extinction event that's currently underway -- about a third of all parasite species could go extinct by 2070 due to human activity. The loss could have profound ripple effects on the environment and might pave the way for disastrous health outcomes.

7 Reasons We Face a Global Water Crisis
(Leah Schleifer / World Resources Institute & EcoWatch)

Droughts in Somalia. Water rationing in Rome. Flooding in Jakarta. It doesn't take a hydrologist to realize that there is a growing global water crisis. In August, water experts, industry innovators and researchers gathered in Stockholm to address our most pressing water issues. Climate change is warming the planet, making the planet's hottest regions even more scorching as clouds are driven from the equator and toward the poles At the same time, 21 million people worldwide are at risk of historic, and cataclysmic flooding.

ACTION ALERT: Trump Rejects National Climate Report, Silences 50 Climate Experts
(The Conversation / EcoWatch.org & CREDO Action)

Commentary & Analysis: A scientific report done every four years has been thrust into the spotlight because its findings directly contradict statements from the president and various cabinet officials. If the Trump administration chooses to reject the pending national Climate Science Special Report, it would be more damaging than pulling the US out of the Paris agreement. Censoring experts for doing their jobs is an abuse of authority.

Trump's Solution to Climate Change: Ban the Term
(Bill McKibben / The Guardian)

In a bold new strategy, the US Department of Agriculture -- guardians of the planet's richest farmlands -- has decided to combat the threat of global warming by forbidding its employees from using the words. Under guidance from the USDA's director of soil health, Bianca Moebius-Clune, a list of phrases to be avoided includes "climate change" and "climate change adaptation." Instead, the USDA's staff has been ordered to only use the phrases "weather extremes" and "resilience to weather extremes."

ACTION ALERT: Stopping the March to War with North Korea
(Will Fischer / VoteVets & CREDO Mobile Petition & Emily Tamkin / Foreign Policy)

The threat of military conflict with North Korea is increasing by the day. This morning, President Trump tweeted that "Military solutions are now fully in place, locked and loaded, should North Korea act unwisely. But what's really missing from this conversation is being bold about diplomatic solutions. Donald Trump currently has the power to launch thousands of nuclear weapons at will. H.R. 669, the Restricting the First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act, would stop Trump from starting a nuclear war.

Can US Attack North Korea and Claim 'Self Defense'? Congress Cannot Stop Trump from Launching a Nuclear First-strike
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Dan Lamothe / The Washington Post)

The Congressional Research Service states the president "does not need the concurrence of either his military advisors or the US Congress to order the launch of nuclear weapons" [and] "neither the military nor Congress can overrule these orders." Under the War Powers Act, the president need not seek congressional approval until 60 days after the start of a war. Attempts to stop a nuclear attack order until Congress declares war is unlikely to pass with Republicans controlling both chambers of Congress.

Global Warming, the Tipping Point, and Environmental/Economic Justice
(SBS News & Kate Aronoff / The Nation)

Scientists report that world temperatures are likely to rise by more than 2 degrees Celsius this century, surpassing a "tipping point" that a global climate deal aims to avert Al Gore's latest film draws climate change back into the political limelight, but fails to draw connections between environmental and economic justice. Seriously confronting the warming of our planet would essentially spell the end for free market capitalism.

War and the Environment
(Peace Pledge Union)

Because war disrupts social structures, ecostructures are neglected and abused, with lasting and costly consequences. It's widely agreed that Sudan's 1988 famine was caused by its protracted civil war. The testing and manufacture of nuclear arms has been responsible for some of the most profound and persistent environmental damage to life on Earth. Meanwhile, the complex mixture of poisonous contaminants found on many military sites continues to infiltrate the land, air and water.

While US Inequality Grows, Denmark's Citizens Are Increasingly Happy
(Sam Pizzigati / Nation of Change & Joshua Holland / The Nation)

Two years ago, in 2015, just about all the nations in the world agreed to make reducing inequality -- the gap between rich and poor -- a prime United Nations "sustainable development goal." The US -- the world's wealthiest nation -- continues to lead the world in income inequality, with taxes on workers nearly triple the taxes paid by corporations. The hunger and privation that exists in the US are unknown in Denmark. Though Danes pay a lot more in taxes and fees, they get a much more back in social services.

An Inconvenient Sequel: "It Is RIGHT to to Save Humanity! It Is WRONG to Pollute This Earth!"
(Steve Inskeep / Morning Edition)

Former Vice President Al Gore helped shape the conversation about climate change with An Inconvenient Truth. Now he's back with a sequel -- called An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power, due out next month -- and it follows Gore as he continues the crusade he made famous with that first film. The movie shows Gore standing in Miami floodwater, flying over imploding boulders of ice in Greenland and in Paris -- trying to push the climate agreement over the finish line.

122 Nations Set to Approve Nuclear Weapons Ban: US Boycotts Meeting
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Edith M. Lederer / The Associated Press)

After protracted international talks, an estimated 129 nations are set to sign a global ban on nuclear weapons -- the first multilateral nuclear disarmament treaty in more than 20 years. Unfortunately, it won't involve any actual disarmament. Why? Because every single nuclear weapons-having nation on the planet (Britain, China, France, India, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, and the US) has boycotted the effort, along with the entire NATO alliance -- except for the Netherlands.

122 Nations Create Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons
(David Swanson / World Beyond War & Action Network)

Analysis: On Friday the United Nations concluded the creation of the first multilateral nuclear disarmament treaty in over 20 years, and the first ever to ban all nuclear weapons. While 122 nations voted yes, the Netherlands voted no, Singapore abstained, and numerous nations didn't show up at all. But this treaty is a big step in the right direction. When 122 countries declare something illegal, it is illegal on Earth. That means investments in it are illegal. Complicity with it is illegal.

G-20 Protests: "Welcome to Hell" and Goodbye to Gasoline
(teleSURtv & Lorraine Chow / EcoWatch)

"Welcome to Hell." That's the greeting for Donald Trump and other world leaders from tens of thousands of anti-capitalist protesters in Hamburg who aim to disrupt the July 7-8 G20 summit. The Carbon Paradigm has also been disrupted by Volvo's announcement that it is halting production of petroleum-fueled cars. France, Germany, and Norway also have declared plans to ban and abandon the internal combustion engine in favor of clean, renewable, climate-friendly non-carbon transportation.

US Cities Could Shift Nearly 42 Percent of US Electricity to Renewables By 2035
(Alexander C. Kaufman / The Huffington Post)

The US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement is prompting more than 1,400 mayors to make their own climate-protection pledges. The Conference of Mayors -- the country's largest coalition of city leaders -- recently pledged to make 100 percent renewable power a top policy priority over the next decade. The five states that are the worst emitters of greenhouse gases are: Texas, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Florida and Ohio.

House Republicans Call for $640 Military Spending Bill
(AntiWar.com & The Hill)

Faced with a massive military spending increase proposal from President Trump, and a Budget Committee which expected to well exceed even that, the House Armed Services Committee has decided to outdo everybody by advancing its own $640 billion base budget. The move sets up a potential showdown with the White House, which proposed a $603 billion defense budget. It also could be in conflict with Congress's budget, as the Budget Committee is eyeing a $621 billion defense budget.

The Climate Movement Charges On, Even Without the US
(Winnie Byanyima / Oxfam America)

The spirit of Paris charges on, even without the US. But the oilmen who fuelled this crisis are still doing their dirty business as usual -- because the system perpetuates their wealth and power. The richest one percent today own more than the 99 percent combined; eight men own as much as the bottom 3.6 billion. Political institutions march to the tune of powerful corporations and the super-rich. Tackling the gap between rich and poor and tackling climate change is part of the same struggle.

Trump vs. Planet Earth
(Associated Press & Jeff Goodell / Rolling Stone)

Commentary: "The outrage over Trump's move runs deep because the Paris climate deal was never about just the climate. It was also about unity, equality, trust, sympathy - in short, all the qualities that make it possible for seven billion human beings to live together peacefully on the planet."

"A War We Don't Want": Defense Secretary Mattis Explains What War with North Korea Would Look Like
(Alex Lockie / Business Insider & Arielle Berger and Sara Silverstein / Business Insider)

Asked why the US doesn't just go to war to stop North Korea from developing the capability to hit the US, Secretary of Defense James Mattis painted a grim scenario: "It will be a war more serious in terms of human suffering than anything we've seen since 1953. It will involve the massive shelling of an ally's capital, which is one of the most densely packed cities on earth [with ametro-area population of 25 million]. "It would be a war that fundamentally we don't want."

How Nature Heals (Note: EAW Will Return on June 16)
(Kathleen Richards / The East Bay Express)

Every month for the past three years, pediatrician Nooshin Razani and her UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland colleagues have taken a group of patients and their families on a park outing, part of a program called Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday, or SHINE. This collaborative effort between the hospital and the East Bay Regional Park District aims to both improve the health of patients and their families while also encouraging awareness and usage of the green spaces in their backyard -- by letting Nature heal.

Keep Australia Out of US Wars
(John Menadue / Pearls and Irritations)

Commentary: In the event of war between the USA and any other nation in our region, Australia could not avoid involvement, because of its alliance with the USA. That is the reality we need to address. To avoid the possibility of war, an independent foreign policy for Australia is urgently required. Mr Trump's presidency only adds to the urgency.

World to Cut Emissions With or Without Trump
(Zofeen Ebrahim / Nation of Change)

In March, Donald Trump threatened to pull out of the Paris Climate Accord and roll back the widely supported climate protection policies of former president Barack Obama. World leaders are trying to convince Trump to recognize the science and the critical need to address climate change, noting that future climate action will require farsightedness, political courage, intelligent regulations and getting corporations on board.

It's Time to Ban the Bomb
(Alice Slater / World Beyond War & The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons)

This week, the "United Nations Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons, Leading Towards their Total Elimination" released the draft of a treaty that would ban and prohibit nuclear weapons -- just as the world has done for biological and chemical weapons. The Ban Treaty is to be negotiated at the UN from June 15 to July 7 as a follow-up to the March 2017 negotiations that were attended by members of civil society and representatives of more than 130 governments.

Washington Has Plans to Nuke Russia and China
(Paul Craig Roberts / PaulCraig Roberts.org)

Commentary: Washington's demonization of Russia and President Putin, the incessant lies about Russian deeds and intentions, and the refusal of Washington to cooperate with Russia on any issue have convinced the Russian government that Washington is preparing the Western populations for an attack on Russia. It is obvious that China has come to the same conclusion.

Win for Environmentalists: Senate Keeps an Obama-Era Climate Change Rule Limiting Methane Emissions
(The New York Times & EarthJustice & The League of Conservation Voters)

In a surprising victory for President Barack Obama's environmental legacy, a bipartisan majority of pro-environment allies in the US Senate voted 51 to 49 to block consideration of a resolution to repeal the 2016 Interior Department rule to curb emissions of methane, a powerful planet-warming greenhouse gas. Also blocked: planned GOP-backed reductions in the EPA budget designed to gut clean energy funding and use the funds to build Donald Trump's border wall.

There's No Such Thing as 'Limited' Nuclear War
(Sen. Dianne Feinstein / The Washington Post)

Last month, it was revealed that a Pentagon advisory committee authored a report calling for the United States to invest in new nuclear weapons and consider resuming nuclear testing. The report even suggested researching less-powerful nuclear weapons that could be deployed without resorting to full-scale nuclear war. This is terrifying and deserves a swift, full-throated rebuke.

US Nuclear Escalations Endanger the World
(Conn Hallinan / Dispatches from the Edge & The Berkeley Daily Planet)

At a time of growing tensions between nuclear powers -- Russia and NATO in Europe, and the US, North Korea and China in Asia -- Washington has quietly upgraded its nuclear weapons arsenal to create, according to three leading American scientists, "exactly what one would expect to see, if a nuclear-armed state were planning to have the capacity to fight and win a nuclear war by disarming enemies with a surprise first strike."

Worried World Urges Trump Not to Pull Out of Paris Climate Agreement
(Oliver Milman, Jonathan Watts and Tom Phillips / The Guardian)

Donald Trump's scorched-earth approach to environmental protections has shocked current and former government officials overseas who are waiting nervously to see whether the US will destabilize the Paris Climate Agreement. With Trump already peeling away pollution reducing rules imposed by President Obama, alarmed officials around the world are warning Trump – a notorious climate-change denier -- not to reverse historic global climate protection efforts.

"The Planet's Most Important Lawsuit": Kids Sue Trump over Climate
(John Light / Nation of Change)

As hundreds of thousands gathered in Washington for the People's Climate March, 14 young Americans, ranging in age from 9 to 21, held a press conference in front the Supreme Court. They are among 21 young plaintiffs suing the US government to force it to take action on climate change arguing that federal energy policy threatens to deprive them of "life and liberty." Environmental activists Bill McKibben and Naomi Klein -- and legal scholars alike -- call this "the most important lawsuit on the planet right now."

The "100 by '50 Act" Is Not Sufficient to Prevent a Climate Catastrophe
(Ezra Silk / CommonDreams)

Commentary: The "100 by '50 Act," billed as "the most ambitious piece of climate legislation Congress has ever seen," is a largely symbolic gesture. Environmental critics warn that this bill will not solve the climate crisis. The bill is incremental, non-comprehensive, and fails to meet the challenge of this historic moment. It's time to go back to the drawing board. We need a true climate emergency bill grounded in climate truth.

ACTION ALERT: War Is Not Entertainment: Dropping Bombs Does Not Make You Presidential
(Jackie Wattles / CNN & Win Without War)

Noting that Donald Trump has received unwarranted applause for authorizing missile strikes in Syria and dropping a powerful bomb on an ISIS camp in Afghanistan, former CBS anchor Dan Rather schooled his colleagues in the media that: "Dropping bombs, having missile strikes, doesn't make one presidential." Tell CNN, MSNBC, and the mainstream, corporate media: Stop treating war like entertainment and responsibly report on US military action.

Monkey Wrenching the Sky: The Age of Geoengineering
(Ian Baldwin / The Vermont Independent)

According to the publisher's introduction: "Earth Day 2017 marks the beginning of our series on geoengineering, the most important and underreported global environmental phenomenon of our time, researched and written by Chelsea Green co-founder Ian Baldwin." A wall of silence surrounds the subject of geoengineering but for nearly three-quarters of a century geoengineering has been conducted for reasons that have little to do with addressing climate change and much to do with war and commerce.

Trump: Absolutely a Chance for "Major, Major War" With North Korea
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Amy Goodman and Noam Chomsky / Democracy Now!)

The United States continues to send wildly conflicting signs on their intentions toward North Korea. Massive US "war games" in the region and Trump administration talk of military buildups around the Korean Peninsula have fueled concerns about the US attacking North Korea outright. Democracy Now!'s Amy Goodman speaks with world-renowned linguist and dissident Noam Chomsky and asks Chomsky about one of the most serious threats to the survival of the human species -- nuclear war.

Trump Hides Benefits of Renewables as CO2 Levels Reach Highest Mark in Human History
(Lorraine Chow / EcoWatch & Lauren McCauley / Common Dreams)

By now it shouldn't be a surprise that the Trump administration is wiping Obama-era climate initiatives off the Internet. This time, the Department of Energy has altered its websites on renewable energy, removing references on how clean energy technologies can reduce the nation's reliance on fossil fuels and help lower climate-changing emissions. At the same time, the amount of carbon in the Earth's atmosphere last week breached the 410 parts per million (ppm) for the first time in human history

Trump v. Kim and the Growing Threat of Nuclear War
(Lawrence Wittner / AntiWar.com & The Guardian)

In recent weeks, the world have been treated to yet another display of the kind of nuclear insanity that has broken out periodically ever since 1945 and the dawn of the nuclear era. On April 11, Donald Trump, irked by North Korea's continued nuclear weapons and missile tests, tweeted that "North Korea is looking for trouble." North Korea's Kim Jong Un responded by announcing that, in the event of a US attack, his country would respond by launching a nuclear strike at US forces massed on his country's borders.

On Earth Day, Stand Up to Trump's War on the Environment
(Jeff Tittel / Star-Ledger & Former Gov. James J. Florio / Star-Ledger )

This year's Earth Day is the most critical since the first one in 1970. Donald Trump is trying to roll back 47 years of protections. Before the first Earth Day, rivers caught fire, smog and air pollution clogged major cities and people wore masks. Some of our rivers were nothing better than open sewers. After 20 million people across the country came together and marched for the Earth, a law was passed to create the Environmental Protection Agency and people began to talk about the dangers of climate change.

ACTION ALERT: Save the EPA; UnTrump the Budget -- EPA Chiefs Speak Out Against Trump
(The Climate Reality Project / EcoWatch & RootsAction.org)

Four former Environmental Protection Agency administrators -- two Democrats and two Republicans -- have in common. All of them have spoken out against the current administration's environmental policies. With military and climate wars destroying lives and environments, threatening the planet and creating enormous flows of desperate refugees, Donald Trump plans to strip $54 billion from human and environmental spending so as to increase already massive spending on the military.

Trump v. Kim: Two Unhinged World Leaders Exchange Threats
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com)

With US warships heading to the Korean Peninsula, Russia has proclaimed it is "extremely worried" that the United States might follow through on recent talk of imposing a unilateral military solution on the Korean Peninsula. In a flurry of Twitter statements this morning, President Trump once again appeared to be threatening unilateral US action, accusing North Korea of "looking for trouble." As the US Armada approaches, North Korea has threatened nuclear retaliation in the event of a US attack.

What Happens if the EPA Is Stripped of Its Power to Fight Climate Change?
(Natasha Geiling / ThinkProgress)

Every year since 2009, a member of Congress has introduced a bill aimed at revoking or delaying the EPA's authority to regulate greenhouse gases. And every year, those bills have died. But the specter of an EPA rendered toothless on climate change by the will of Congress is certainly more likely than perhaps at any other point in the agency's history. Which raises the question, what happens if the EPA legally can't regulate greenhouse gas emissions?

Russia Warns US Military Threats Risk Provoking Nuclear War
(Reveal News & The Daily Star & TASS & The Wall Street Journal)

Pentagon missiles in Europe and warships patrolling Russia's borders could lead to nuclear war, Vladimir Putin's military bosses have warned. America's anti-ballistic missile system (ABM) is provoking a "new arms race" that threatens to challenge Russia's ability to defend itself from a nuclear strike. Russia's military leaders warn the introduction of American ABMs along its border "lowers the threshold for use of nuclear weapons" and increases the risk of "sudden nuclear attack."

ACTION ALERT: Resist Trump's Budget Handout to War Profiteers
(CREDO Action & Alex Morash and Craig Harrington / MediaMatters.org)

Half of the federal budget already goes to weapons of war and the military-industrial complex -- and now, Trump wants to increase spending on war profiteers by a full 10 percent. Trump's plan to beef up the defense budget by an additional $54 billion at the expense of civilian domestic spending has been derided by economists and experts for being "wholly unrealistic."

Fierce, Critical Reactions to Trump's 'Cruel, Stupid Budget'
(Public Citizen & The Democratic National Committee & Seth Moulton for Congress & Kamala Harris / US Senate & The Washington Post)

Trump's appalling budget would destroy America to empower military, surveillance, incarceration, and pollution interests. It slashes $4.7 billion from the Agriculture Department -- hurting rural communities; cuts job-creating funding for infrastructure repair; guts spending to protect clean air and drinking water; defunds the Corporation for Public Broadcasting; and suspends the Manufacturing Extension Partnership -- a program that helped create and retain more than 86,602 jobs last year.

17 House Republicans Try To Make Donald Trump Care About Climate Change
(Marina Fang / The Huffington Post & Alexander C. Kaufman / The Huffington Post)

The White House wants to cut one-quarter of the Environmental Protection Agency's funding and eliminate 1 in 5 EPA employees but 17 House Republicans have done something Donald Trump and most members of their party have refused to do: acknowledge that climate change is real and commit to finding solutions to combat it.

ACTION ALERT: Stand Up to Trump's $58 Billion Military Buildup
(David Swanson / World Beyond War)

World Beyond War writes: "President Trump has proposed to move another $54 billion from 'everything else' to 'military spending,' pushing the military budget up to above 60% of discretionary spending for the first time since the (previous) Cold War. The money would be taken from human and environmental spending at home and abroad. We've drafted a sample resolution that you can ask your city, town, county, or state to pass, calling for the US to support human rights at home instead of endless wars abroad."

ACTION ALERT: On Centennial of WWI, a Series of Conferences to End All War World Beyond War
(World Beyond War)

This April 4th will mark 100 years since the US Senate voted to declare war on Germany and 50 since Martin Luther King Jr. spoke out against the war on Vietnam (49 since he was killed on that speech's first anniversary). Events are being planned -- in Washington, DC, New York and San Francisco -- to help us try to finally learn some lessons -- to move beyond, not just Vietnam, but all war.

EPA Head Scott Pruitt Says Destruction of the EPA Is "Justified"
(Ryan J. Reilly / The Huffington Post & Rebecca Leber / Mother Jones)

Donald Trump's new head of the Environmental Protection Agency, climate-change-denier Scott Pruitt, recently told a gathering of conservatives that those who want to eliminate the EPA are "justified" in their beliefs, adding: "I think people across this county look at the EPA much as they look at the IRS." Pruitt's statement was seen as a signal of the White House's intent to roll out a series of executive actions gutting the EPA, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act and a host of Clean Energy programs.

Green Groups File Sweeping Lawsuit AccusingTrump of Usurping Congress's Powers on Regulations
(Chris Mooney / The Washington Post & Donald J. Trump / The White House & William Boardman / Reader Supported News)

Three advocacy groups -- Public Citizen, the Natural Resources Defense Council, and the Communications Workers of America -- have filed a sweeping federal lawsuit challenging Donald Trump's executive order requiring two federal regulations to be "identified for elimination" for every new one added -- arguing that the order fundamentally takes over Congress's powers to enact laws to protect public health, safety, and the environment.

Radiation at Fukushima Getting Worse Six Years after Meltdowns
(William Boardman / Reader Supported News & The Asahi Shimbun & Nuclear News)

Radiation levels inside the collapsed remains of Fukushima Unit 2 reactor are significantly higher than "unimaginable." Whatever is going on at Fukushima has horrifying possibilities. The triple-meltdown disaster is still out of control. Meanwhile, TEPCO, the firm responsible for the catastrophe, is in charge of the clean-up and the Japanese government is more an enabler of cover-up than a protector. It took five years to discover that Cesium-137 fallout on Tokyo wasn't properly cleaned up.

Trump Orders 'Great Rebuilding' of Pentagon
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Dan Lamothe / The Washington Post)

During his first post-inauguration visit to the Pentagon, Donald Trump today signed an executive order for what he described as the start of a "great rebuilding of the Armed Forces," seeking to increase the size of the US military -- which already spends roughly as much as the eight next largest militaries in the world -- with new warplanes, new ships, new resources, and in increase in the number of special forces.

Trump's Talk Helps Move Doomsday Clock 30 Seconds Closer To Midnight
(Matt Ferner / The Huffington Post)

On January 26, the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists announced that it had moved the Doomsday Clock's minute hand 30 seconds closer to midnight -- the hour symbolizing global catastrophe. Humankind is now just 2-and-a-half minutes from doomsday. The compounding factors prompting this grave adjustment (the closest the clock has been to midnight in a generation) include climate change, nuclear spending, political attacks on science and provocative statements from the new US administration.

ExxonMobil Facing Orders to Provide Background on Fake News Coverup of the Oil Industry's Impact on Climate Change
(Stephanie Ebbert / The Boston Globe)

Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey won a major legal showdown against Exxon Mobil on Wednesday, when a judge ruled that the company must turn over 40 years of documents detailing a coordinated campaign to coverup, deny and obfuscate the company's knowledge that climate change was, in fact, happening and that the oil industry was, in large measure, responsible.

World War Three, By Mistake
(Eric Schlosser / The New Yorker)

George W. Bush, while running for President in 2000, criticized the US Nuclear Aresnal's launch-on-warning option. Barack Obama, while running for President in 2008, promised to take Minuteman missiles off alert. Launch-on-warning has also been opposed by former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State George Shultz, and former Senator Sam Nunn. And yet the Minuteman III missiles still sit in their silos today, armed with warheads, ready to destroy the planet in a matter of minutes.

Trump Inexplicably Calls for a New Nuclear Weapons Arms Race
(Dan Rather / Facebook & Madeline Conway / Politico)

Commentary: Nuclear weapons are not a game. They are not a toy for the petulant and ill-informed to boast about on off-handed tweets. Yet, in a series of impromptu statements about nuclear weapons, Donald Trump is threatening to upend longstanding US nonproliferation policy, even as his advisers contradict him and muddy his intentions.

Trump's Frightening "Nuclear Expansion" Tweet
(Rachael Revesz / The Independent)

One of the world's most famous scholars said he was "frightened" by Donald Trump's tweet on "strengthening and expanding" nuclear capabilities in the US. Noam Chomsky, professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said Mr. Trump's tweet was "one of the most frightening things I've seen recently". The statement could trigger a change in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists' Doomsday Clock, the globally recognised symbol of how close we are to destroying humanity -- to be updated in 2017.

The Fall of Aleppo: How Obama Made Syria's Civil War Much, Much Worse
(Michael Brendan Dougherty / The Week)

Commentary: Aleppo has fallen. And much of the West is awash in guilt over the Syrian city's fate. The Eiffel Tower was dark yesterday in honor of the victims of Bashar al-Assad's regime in Aleppo. In Britain's House of Commons, ministers grandly accused themselves of their own inaction. The horror in Aleppo is easy to mourn, because the West is now so thoroughly not in a position to do anything to halt it. US interventionists should not learn the wrong lesson from Aleppo's fall.

Avoiding the Unthinkable in India and Pakistan: Nuclear War
(Conn Hallinan / Foreign Policy In Focus & AntiWar.com)

India and Pakistan have fought three wars over the disputed province of Kashmir in the past six decades and came within a hair's breadth of a nuclear exchange in 1999. Both countries now are on a crash program to produce more nuclear weapons. Between them they have enough explosive power to kill more than 20 million of their own people and throw the Northern Hemisphere into a nuclear winter, which would trigger a catastrophic collapse of agriculture worldwide.

What Would a Trump EPA Look Like? Environmental Leaders on Hope And Progress in the Age of Trump
(Grist Staff)

Donald Trump, a climate denier who has promised to gut the Paris accord, scrap the Clean Power Plan, bring back coal, and roll back pollution restrictions is our next president, and the civil and human rights of so many in this country are threatened. Hateful, violent acts committed in his name continue to populate the news. As we've done before in similar times, we've turned to politicians and other green leaders to ask how we keep working toward climate action, sustainability, and social justice? And what gives them hope, inspiration, or determination in such a trying time?

Trump Is Ready to Bet the World
(Bill McKibben / The Washington Post & Ted Galen Carpenter / The National Interest)

Commentary: Donald Trump will enter the White House with an environmental policy agenda opposed to that of the Obama administration and many other nations that have pledged support to the Paris climate agreement. We simply don't know what a Trump administration foreign policy will look like with respect to Europe, East Asia or any other region. All we have are a number of statements that the candidate made during the heat of a political campaign.

The US Electoral Barrel Bomb
(Chris Floyd / Information Clearing House)

Commentary: Establishment collusion -- and Democratic cowardice -- completely degraded and delegitimized the American electoral process 16 years ago, when the Supreme Court stopped a recount that would have resulted in the actual winner to take office. No matter who assumes the presidency, the entrenched coagulation of corporate interests and war profiteers that have strangled the peace, prosperity and prospects of the American people will not be budged an inch.

Doomsday Nuke War Looming between US and Russia: 'The End of Life as We Know It'
(Henry Holloway / The Daily Star & Harry Kemble / The Daily Star)

Russia pushes back as NATO troops and weapons encroach on Russia's borders. Putin says US strategy to overwhelm Russia's nuclear deterrent creates a global imbalance that would allow a US "first-strike." Putin's response: a new missile that can't be stopped by US missiles. As tensions rise, a top British general warns a nuclear war between NATO and Russia would spell "the end of life as we know it." Russian missiles could decimate the US eastern seaboard in one fell swoop if World War 3 breaks out.

Whose Finger Will Be on the Pentagon's Nuclear Button?
(Tom Englehardt / TomDispatch & Michael T. Klare / TomDispatch)

At the present moment, nine countries possess nuclear weapons -- more than 15,000 of them. Most are staggeringly more destructive than that first bombs that devastated the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. With passions running high on both sides in this year's US presidential election -- and rising fears about Donald Trump's impulsive nature and Hillary Clinton's hawkish one -- it's hardly surprising that the "nuclear button" question has surfaced repeatedly throughout the campaign.

Extinction Alert: Study Warns 66% of Earth's Wildlife Could Be Lost in Four Years
(Damian Carrington / The Guardian & Jessica Aldred / The Guardian)

The Living Planet Index shows vertebrate populations are set to decline by 67% from 1970 levels unless urgent action is taken to reduce humanity's impact on the planet's shrinking wilderness regions.

A Nuclear War over Syria Being Planned
(Larry Chin / Global Research)

Opinion: "As nuclear war with Russia over Syria is being planned in earnest and craved by New World Order fanatics including the Clintons, the Obama administration and the Bushes, a 'civil war' is being waged ahead of the presidential election. The future of the planet is at stake. The efforts to control the narrative and eventual outcome, are desperate and unprecedented, as has been the resistance to the imperial propaganda effort." Note: This is a personal opinion and does not necessarily reflect the consensus of EAW.

Cost of the Human War on Earth: 58% of Wildlife Eradicated in Past 46 Years
(Jeremy Hance / The Guardian & Rebecca Morelle / BBC News)

Global wildlife populations have fallen by 58% since 1970, according to a biodiversity report, but is the loss of a unique life form on Earth big news? Not according to most media outlets. But how can the public care about global mass extinction if they aren't even told about its victims?

Putin's Plea for Restraint as Hillary Clinton Calls for Launching a Nuclear Attack in "Self-defense"
(Diana Johnstone / Global Research & Prof Michel Chossudovsky / Global Research)

Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned: "If it's Hillary, It's war." When Presidential candidate Clinton signals that she wants to achieve regime change in Russia, she does so knowing that she enjoys the support of most of the State Department and much of the Pentagon. And Congress is ready to go. Clinton is on record as stating that a pre-emptive nuclear first strike against America's enemies -- including Iran and Russia -- is "on the table." But how can a preemptive attack be seen as an act of "self-defense"?

Green Party and Turkish Officials Warns US, Russia on Brink of Nuclear WWIII
(Jon Lockett / The Sun & RT News & InfoWars)

Russian ultra-nationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky has a message for America: "Americans voting for a president on Nov. 8 must realize that they are voting for peace on Planet Earth if they vote for Trump. But if they vote for Hillary it's war. It will be a short movie. There will be Hiroshimas and Nagasakis everywhere." Green Party candidate Jill Stein on why a Clinton presidency would risk WWIII and the significance of Russia's recent emergency mass evacuation drill involving moving 60 million citizens into shelters.

Command and Control: How a Socket Wrench and a Nuclear Missile Nearly Destroyed Arkansas
(Gar Smith / Berkeley Daily Planet)

Director Robert Kenner (Food, Inc.) and writer Eric Schlosser (Fast Food Nation) have combined their proven story-telling prowess to create a film of unimaginable true-life horror that will have you gripping the seat upholstery at the local cinema. Based on an incident reported in depth in Schlosser's book, "Command and Control," Kenner's latest film recreates a nearly forgotten incident that demonstrates, in chilling detail, the folly of pretending nuclear weapons are subject to human "command" or "control."

Command and Control: How a Socket Wrench and a Nuclear Missile Nearly Destroyed Arkansas
(Gar Smith / Berkeley Daily Planet)

Director Robert Kenner (Food, Inc.) and writer Eric Schlosser (Fast Food Nation) have combined their proven story-telling prowess to create a film of unimaginable true-life horror that will have you gripping the seat upholstery at the local cinema. Based on an incident reported in depth in Schlosser's book, "Command and Control," Kenner's latest film recreates a nearly forgotten incident that demonstrates, in chilling detail, the folly of pretending nuclear weapons are subject to human "command" or "control."

The High Human and Financial Costs of War
(Rami G Khouri / Reuters)

We have always known that war is dirty and destructive, but a new investigation reveals how destructive and expensive several wars have been. More than 600,000 military and civilian dead, more than seven million refugees and displaced people, and perhaps nearly $13 trillion in financial costs over the lifetimes of the conflicts. The ravages and costs of war can persist for generations after the fighting and bombing stop.

Experts in Germany, France, Russia and US Warn the World Is Moving Closer to Nuclear War
(ZeroHedge & RT News)

Germany's Foreign Minister -- Frank-Walter Steinmeier -- wrote earlier this month that tension between the US and Russia is worse than during the Cold War. Former Defense Secretary William Perry has warned that "the likelihood of a nuclear catastrophe today is greater than it was during the Cold War." Earlier this month, Russia conducted a major civil defense training involving 40 million people nationwide. A total of 200,000 rescue professionals and 50,000 vehicles took part in the exercise, which lasted four days.

ACTION ALERT: It's True: The Presidential Debates ARE Rigged
(Lilia Tamm Dixon / The Open Debate Coalition)

PresidentialOpenQuestions.com invited America to suggest questions to be asked of the presidential candidates. More than 3.6 million votes were cast on more than 15,800 suggested questions. During the debate, the moderators cited this history survey but only asked one of the least-important questions -- a question that had received only 13 votes.

The Trump Effect: This Election Is Bad for Our Brains
(John Boghosian Arden / The San Francisco Chronicle & The Southern Poverty Law Center & Gail Sheehy / Politico)

Donald Trump's public behavior, amplified by the media, has contaminated America's mental landscape and has changed the behavior of many of the nation's children. In schools across the country, teachers are reporting that minority students are being bullied, insulted, and attacked by other students yelling "Trump, Trump, Trump." Latino and Muslim students are being singled out for special intimidation by fellow students chanting "Build a wall" or "Kill the terrorists." The triggers are installed deep in our brains.

Iraqis to Sue US for Illegal, Devastating 2003 US Invasion

In the wake of the recently approved US 9/11 bill, an Iraqi group is lobbying the country's parliament to sue the United States over the 2003 invasion that ousted late President Saddam Hussein, killed and displaced millions of people and unleashed a major sectarian conflict in Iraq and the region over the past 16 years. The Arab Project in Iraq hopes to form an independent legal body to seek compensation from the US over civilian deaths and damage to property caused during and after the invasion.

Concerned Intelligence Professionals Call on Obama to Defuse Tensions with Russia
(Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity)

On October 1, Russia's Foreign Ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova issued a chilling warning: "If the US launches a direct aggression against Damascus and the Syrian Army," she said, it would mean "full-scale war" between Russian and the US. A group of ex-US intelligence officials has issued an urgent plea to President Obama, advising that he defuse growing tensions with Russia over Syria by reining in the demonization of Putin and asserting White House civilian control over the Pentagon.

A Costly and Devastating War in Space May Be Closer Than Ever
(Lee Billings / Scientific American & Robert Beckhusen / War Is Boring & Vice.com)

The world's most worrisome military flashpoint is arguably not in the Strait of Taiwan, the Korean Peninsula, Iran, Israel, Kashmir or Ukraine. In fact, it cannot be located on any map of Earth, even though it is very easy to find. To see it, just look up into a clear sky, to the no-man's-land of Earth orbit, where a conflict is unfolding that is an arms race in all but name. Space has become the ultimate high ground, with the US as the undisputed "King of the Hill."

80 Million Unexploded US Bombs in Laos: Obama Pledges Bomb Removal Assistance
(BBC World News & Josh Lederman and Kathleen Hennessey / Associated Press)

Half a century ago, the United States turned Laos into history's most heavily bombed country, raining down some two million tons of ordnance in a covert, nine-year chapter of the Vietnam War. Declaring a "moral obligation" to heal the wounds of a secret war, President Barack Obama on Tuesday pledged help to clear away the 80 million unexploded bombs the US dropped on Laos a generation ago -- more than 10 for every one of the country's 7 million people.

The Most Critical -- and Most Ignored -- Debate: Rethinking a Nuclear "First Strike"
(Kingston Reif and Daryl G. Kimball / The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists)

While the Obama administration has narrowed the circumstances under which the US would consider using nuclear weapons, Washington still retains the option to use nuclear weapons first to preempt a real or "suspected" nuclear attack or to counter the "possible" use of chemical or biological weapons. The circumstances that led US leaders to reserve the option to unilaterally start a nuclear war are long gone. It is time to adjust US nuclear declaratory policy.

UN Calls for Nuclear Abolition Treaty; Tokyo and Seoul Call for Nuclear First-Strike
(Susi Snyder / Pax for Peace & ICAN & The Asahi Shimbun)

UN disarmament talks concluded in Geneva with the overwhelming majority of nations signaling their intention to launch negotiations in 2017 for a global ban on nuclear weapons.107 nations in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, and Europe, united behind a proposal to convene a conference next year to outlaw nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons remain the only weapons of mass destruction not yet prohibited under international law.

America's War for the Greater Middle East
(Book Review by Marwan Bishara / Al Jazeera)

"America's War for the Greater Middle East" is a remarkable book. Andrew J. Bacevich, a military historian and an American patriot who served in the United States military, and who lost his son in the Iraq war, is a no-nonsense no-warmonger. Sober and comprehensive, Bacevich's balance sheet of US wars in the Muslim world is a testimony to Washington's military failures in the Greater Middle East.

America's War for the Greater Middle East
(Book Review by Marwan Bishara / Al Jazeera)

"America's War for the Greater Middle East" is a remarkable book. Andrew J. Bacevich, a military historian and an American patriot who served in the United States military, and who lost his son in the Iraq war, is a no-nonsense no-warmonger. Sober and comprehensive, Bacevich's balance sheet of US wars in the Muslim world is a testimony to Washington's military failures in the Greater Middle East.

Over 500 Days of the Indefensible, US-Backed War on Yemen
(Daniel Larison / The American Conservative)

Yemen is listed by the UN as one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today, and in terms of the sheer number of lives at risk of starvation I think it is fair to say that it is the most severe in the entire world. Even if the fighting stopped immediately (and it obviously won’t), Yemen will be recovering from this war for decades.

A Call for a Nuclear-free World on "Hiroshima Day"
(Hiroshima Mayor Matsui Kazumi)

On the 71st anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Mayor Matsui Kazumi of Hiroshima delivered this year's Peace Declaration at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony. "Today, we renew our determination, offer heartfelt consolation to the souls of the A-bomb victims, and pledge to do everything in our power, working with the A-bombed city of Nagasaki and millions around the world, to abolish nuclear weapons and build lasting world peace."

ACTION ALERT: Sign the Global Call for Atomic Disarmament
(Joseph Gerson / Peace and Planet & The 2016 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs)

Seventy-one years ago, the US used nuclear weapons against the civilian populations of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The two bombs burned out the cities and claimed the lives of about 210,000 people by the end of the year. It was a hell on earth. Today, Japan's A-bomb survivors invite the world to join the International Signature Campaign in Support of the Appeal of the Atomic Bomb Survivors of Hiroshima & Nagasaki, for the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.

Hiroshima Mayor's Appeal: "Please, everyone, shout loudly that we don't need nuclear weapons."
(Hiroshima Mayor Matsui Kazumi)

Today, the 71st anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Mayor Matsui Kazumi of Hiroshima delivered this year's Peace Declaration at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony. Seventy-one years later, over 15,000 nuclear weapons remain, individually much more destructive than the one that inflicted Hiroshima's tragedy. "Is it not time to honor the spirit of Hiroshima and clear the path toward a world free from that "absolute evil," that ultimate inhumanity?"

No More Hiroshimas, No More Nagasakis: Ban Nuclear Weapons!
(Australian Doctor.com)

Notes on the aftermath of America's nuclear bombing of Hiroshima: "I saw nothing that wasn't burnt to a crisp. Streetcars were standing and inside were dozens of bodies, blackened beyond recognition. I saw fire reservoirs filled to the brim with dead bodies who looked as they had been boiled alive. In one reservoir I saw one man, horribly burned, crouching beside another man who was dead. I paused to rest."

Patterns of Harm: Tracking Civilian Deaths 2011-2015
(Iain Overton / Action on Armed Violence)

For over five years, Action on Armed Violence has monitored English language media coverage of explosive violence around the world. Our latest report presents data from over 188,325 recorded deaths and injuries -- a result of 12,566 incidents of explosive weapons use between 2011 and 2015. Of the 188,325 deaths and injuries recorded from 2011 to 2015, 145,565 (77%) were civilians. In populated areas, civilians accounted for 91% of deaths and injuries.

How Close Are We to Nuclear War?
(William Boardman / Reader Supported News)

Former Clinton cabinet member William J. Perry sees a danger that this year's presidential wannabes have largely ignored. The last presidential candidate to address the threat of nuclear war was Congressman Dennis Kucinich -- in 2008. In Perry's recent book, "My Journey to the Nuclear Brink," he restates his long-felt concern that the detonation of just one nuclear weapon could produce a "nuclear catastrophe . . . that could destroy our way of life."

Dueling Plans for US Nuke Arsenal: 10 Senators Demand De-escalation
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Brendan McGarry / DODBuzz & US Senate)

In competing letters this month to the Obama administration, US lawmakers dueled over plans to upgrade the military's nuclear arsenal. A group of 10 Democratic senators urged the president to restrain spending on nuclear weapons and to adopt "a policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons, and canceling launch-on-warning plans." A bipartisan group of Republicans and Democrats -- including Hillary Clinton's VP nominee, Tim Kaine -- have called for increasing nuke funds.

The Big Boom: Nukes And NATO
(Conn Hallinan / Foreign Policy In Focus and AntiWar.com)

It's been 71 years since atomic bombs destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and humanity's memory of those events has dimmed. But the world has little idea of what we face today. The bombs that obliterated those cities were tiny by today's standards. If the Hiroshima bomb represented approximately 27 freight cars filled with TNT, a one-megaton warhead would require a train 300 miles long. Each Russian RS-20V Voevoda intercontinental ballistic missile packs 10 megatons.

Nuclear Weapons Are The Most Consequential Threat America Faces
(President John F. Kennedy & Lee H. Hamilton / The Huffington Post)

Commentary: If you ask Americans to identify the greatest risk to our national security, most will probably point to terrorism. Others will cite climate change, illegal immigration, or potential conflict with China or Russia. From my point of view, however, the gravest threat to our security and well-being as a nation is the threat posed by nuclear weapons. A single nuclear detonation could kill tens of thousands. A nuclear conflict could bring an end to civilization.

Nuclear Weapons: Progress but an Unfinished Agenda
(Friends Committee on National Legislation / Washington Newsletter)

Speaking in Japan at the memorial to those killed by US atomic bombs, President Obama reaffirmed a commitment to disarmament, declaring: "We must have the courage to escape the logic of fear and pursue a world without them." As inspiring as those words are, the Obama administration has a mixed record on nuclear weapons. We are disappointed that this president, who won the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize in part for his focus on nuclear issues, hasn't done more.

ACTION ALERT: Ask The Candidate about the Nuclear Threat
(Friends Committee on National Legislation / Washington Newsletter)

This year, violent extremists linked to the Islamic State spied on the home and office of a person involved with storing large quantities of dangerous nuclear material. The motive for the surveillance is unknown, but authorities speculate that the group might want the material to use in an attack. The country where this surveillance happened? Belgium, in the months before the deadly March 2016 bombings. It's time to make the nuclear threat a presidential campaign issue.

The Price of "Victory": Fallujah in Ruins
(Kelley Beaucar Vlahos / The American Conservative)

The liberation last month of the Sunni city of Fallujah from a two-year ISIS stranglehold was celebrated as a rare victory by Iraqi forces and their US backers. But the city lies ravaged. Fallujah looks post-apocalyptic. The only people in Fallujah right now are fighters. Shia fighters, Iraqi forces, and non-uniformed Shiite militia raising their own flags in the city. The very people the US helped to "liberate" are being abused all over again.

15,000 Nuclear Weapons Pose a Threat to Humanity
(Mayor Frank Cownie / Mayors for Peace & The Nation)

We members of Mayors for Peace, an international organization of cities dedicated to eliminating nuclear weapons, are keenly aware that these devices were designed to wipe cities off the map. Cities around the world are utterly unprepared to respond to a catastrophe of that scale. Prevention is the only cure. Yet the presidential candidates have said little about how they would address the existential threat posed by nuclear weapons.

UN Preparing Principles to Guid Environmental Protection After Conflicts
(Doug Weir / Toxic Remnants of War Project )

The UN's International Law Commission is trying to see whether it's possible to translate the environmental behavior of militaries, governments and international organizations into legal principles that could guide their actions before during and after armed conflicts.

ACTION ALERT: Top Scientists Call for Obama to Take Nuclear Missiles off Hair-Trigger Alert
(Lisbeth Gronlund / Union o f Concerned Scientists)

More than 90 prominent US scientists, including 20 Nobel laureates and 90 National Academy of Sciences members, sent a letter to President Obama yesterday urging him to take US land-based nuclear missiles off hair-trigger alert and remove launch-on-warning options from US warplans.

Approaching Nuclear Midnight: The Steady Tick of the Doomsday Clock
(Tom Englehardt and Noam Chomsky / TomDispatch)

Professor, activist, critic and author Noam Chomsky turns to the single most vital question for humanity: Will we destroy ourselves? "Prospects for decent long-term survival are not high unless there is a significant change of course. A large share of the responsibility is in our hands -- the opportunities as well.... Nuclear weapons pose a constant danger of instant destruction, but at least we know in principle how to alleviate the threat, even to eliminate it."

Small Arms and Femicide: Confronting a Vector of Violence against Women
(Reaching Critical Will & Women's International League for Peace and Freedom)

Small arms and light weapons are a key part of the global armed violence epidemic, resulting in about half a million deaths annually. The manufacture, trade, proliferation, possession, and use of small arms and light weapons facilitate gender-based violence, sexual violence, domestic violence, mass shootings, human trafficking, and armed conflict. They also are key factors in the perpetuation of violent masculinities and the militarisation of communities.

Revive Arms Control and Start with Nuclear-Armed Cruise Missiles
(Sico van der Meer and Christine Parthemore / War on the Rocks)

A global conversation is also beginning to emerge. In May, for example, officials from Sweden and Switzerland recommended to the UN Open-Ended Working Group on nuclear disarmament in Geneva "that States initiate or engage in a process to reduce risks associated with nuclear armed cruise missiles."

America's Sinkhole Wars
(Tom Engelhardt and Andrew Bacevich /TomDispatch)

Commentary: "We have it on highest authority: the recent killing of Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Muhammad Mansour by a US drone strike in Pakistan marks 'an important milestone.' But a question remains: A milestone toward what exactly? Toward victory? Peace? Reconciliation? At the very least, toward the prospect of the violence abating?"

UN Environment Assembly Passes Major Resolution on Conflict and the Environment
(Doug Weir / Toxic Remnants of War Project)

After five months of negotiations, a resolution from Ukraine on the protection of the environment from armed conflict has been approved by consensus at the second meeting of the UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi. The resolution, co-sponsored by Jordan, the DRC, Iraq, South Sudan, Norway and Lebanon, is the most significant UN resolution of its kind since 1992.

Obama's Hiroshima Visit Is a Wake-up Call on the Risks of Nuclear Weapons
(Peter Maurer and Tadateru Konoe / The New Statesman)

We now know more than ever the dangers of an accidental or deliberate detonation of a nuclear weapon. Malfunctions, mishaps, false alarms and misinterpreted information have nearly led to the intentional or accidental detonation of nuclear weapons on numerous occasions since 1945. In the past two years alone, we have seen scores of "military incidents" involving nuclear weapon states and their allies. There can be no adequate response to a nuclear detonation.

Climate Change Summed Up in a Single, Startling Animation
(Richard Gray / Daily Mail Online)

An animation created by a climate scientist at the University of Reading shows month-by month temperature changes between 1850 and 2016. The graphic reveals a clear warming trend that has got greater in recent years.

Climate Change and Nuclear War Threaten Human Survival
(Nermeen Shaikh, Amy Goodman and Robert Jay Lipton/ Democracy Now!)

After advocating against nuclear weapons for decades, the leading American psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton has recently focused on the global threat posed by climate change. Last year, he wrote a piece in The New York Times comparing the nuclear freeze movement of the 1980s to the climate justice movement of today. Lifton explores the parallels between the threats of nuclear weapons and global warming, and the growing public awareness to meet the challenges they pose.

Climate Change and Nuclear Proliferation Pose the Worst Threat Ever Faced by Humans
(Amy Goodman and Noam Chomsky / Democracy Now!)

Experts warn the refugee crisis may also worsen due to the impacts of global warming with 2016 on pace to be by far the hottest year ever. Meanwhile, many fear a new nuclear arms race with the US, Russia and China building arsenals of smaller nuclear weapons. Today we speak with one of the world's preeminent intellectuals, Noam Chomsky, institute professor emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His latest book is titled "Who Rules the World?"

Massive Global Die-Offs: The Industrialized World's War on Nature
(Michael Snyder / ActivistPost & Erin Blakemore / The Smithsonian Magazine & Catherine J. Frompovich / ActivistPost)

Why are millions upon millions of dead sea-creatures suddenly washing up on beaches all over the world? It is certainly not unusual for fish and other inhabitants of our oceans to die. This happens all the time. But over the past month we have seen a series of extremely alarming mass death incidents all over the planet. Other mass die-offs have killed millions of land mammals, reptiles and insects.

Human Extinction Isn't That Unlikely
(Robinson Meyer / The Atlantic)

"A typical person is more than five times as likely to die in an extinction event as in a car crash," says a new report. Nuclear war. Climate change. Pandemics that kill tens of millions. These are the biggest threats to globally organized civilization. They're the stuff of nightmares and blockbusters -- but unlike sea monsters or zombie viruses, they're real, part of the calculus that political leaders consider everyday and they're much more likely than we might think.

Crash and Burn: Capitalism Versus the Planet
(Kate Aronoff / Jacobin Magazine)

Commentary: Paths to economic growth have historically involved digging up and burning massive stores of carbon held in fossil fuels. For centuries, their fumes have produced the energy needed to build factories, plan modern cities, and increase living standards. Calls to find new paths to prosperity are met by cries from the Right that pit growth against environmental stewardship.

War on the Planet: Enviros Sue over Pollution from Airliners
(Michael Beisecker / Associated Press & Gar Smith / Earth Island Journal)

A coalition of environmental groups has sued federal regulators over long-sought pollution standards for airliners and cargo jets. A UN panel has called for a 4 percent cut in fuel consumption starting in 2028 but the rule would not apply to take-offs and landings, when aircraft burn the most fuel. Jets have been crossing the skies since the 1950s, but scientists only began to notice signs of climate change occurring beneath well-traveled jet routes in the late 1990s.

Washington's Nuclear Weapons Stored in Europe
(Hans M. Kristensen / The Federation of American Scientists)

Security upgrades underway at US Air Force bases in Europe indicate that nuclear weapons deployed in Europe have been stored under unsafe conditions for more than two decades. An internal US Air Force investigation has determined that "most sites" currently used for deploying nuclear weapons in Europe do not meet Department of Defense security requirements. A blue-ribbon USAF panel concluded that "each site presents unique security challenges."

US/South Korea Exercise to "Decapitate" North Korea Prompts Threat of Nuclear Retaliation
(Yonhap News & Korea Times & Associated Press)

North Korea warned Saturday that its military is ready to attack Seoul's presidential palace unless South Korean President Park Geun-hye apologizes for "treason" and publicly executes officials responsible for what Pyongyang says are plans to attack its leadership. On Saturday, the DPRK posted a video titled "Last Chance," depicting a nuclear missile crashing into the streets near Washington's Lincoln Memorial before an explosion wipes out the city.

As Nuclear Summit Nears, It's the GOP, Not the President, That Is Promoting Nuclear Arms Control
(Alan J. Kuperman / The New York Times & Yonhap News)

Next week President Obama will welcome world leaders to Washington for his fourth Nuclear Security Summit, a biennial event to prevent terrorists from acquiring atomic bombs. One might expect the president to seize the opportunity to announce a major nonproliferation initiative, then brace for resistance from congressional Republicans skeptical of arms control. But reality is exactly the opposite. It is the Republican-controlled Congress that is pushing an ambitious arms control project. President Obama is the one resisting.

The Pentagon & Climate Change: How Deniers Put National Security at Risk
(Jeff Goodell / Rolling Stone)

At some point, climate denialism will flip into climate panic, and the demand for law and order will prevail (as will calls for quick and dangerous techno-fixes like geo-engineering to cool the planet and stop the rising seas). The US military is the only force on Earth with the ability to police, process, feed and move refugees on a mass scale. But this picture could turn dark fast -- one of the biggest long-term threats climate change poses is to civil liberties and freedom.

NRC Experts Warn of Aging Reactor Dangers; Solar Power Now Eclipses Nuclear Energy
(Harvey Wasserman / EcoWatch & Kyodo News Service)

According to Reuters, the NRC engineers worry the flaw leaves US reactors "vulnerable to so-called open-phase events in which an unbalanced voltage, such as an electrical short, could cause motors to burn out and reduce the ability of a reactor's emergency cooling system to function. If the motors are burned out, backup electricity systems would be of little help."

February Shock: Global Temperatures Surpass 'Tipping Point', Planet at Risk
(TeleSUR & Bill McKibben / The Boston Globe & )

Scientists believe a temperature rise of more than 2 degrees Celsius will lead to irreversible climate change. Last week, Northern Hemisphere temperatures rose more than 2 degrees Celsius above "normal" for the first time in recorded history and, quite possibly, the first since human civilization began 100,000 years ago. Climate protesters are the planet's antibodies -- its immune system kicking in. The earth is running a high fever. The time to fight it is right now.

Amidst the Debris: The Environmental Impact of the Conflict in Syria
(PAX for Peace)

The ongoing conflict in Syria is likely to have a disastrous impact on the environment and public health, according to a new study published by PAX. Four years of fighting has left cities in rubble and caused widespread damage to industrial sites, critical infrastructure and the oil industry. Pollution from these forms of damage is likely to result in acute and chronic risks to civilians and will have a long-term impact on the environment that they depend on.

British Planes Loaded with A-bomb Materials Flown to US; UK's Trident Subs Called 'an Accident Waiting to Happen'
(Rob Edwards / The Guardian & Libby Brooks / The Guardian<)

Britain's Ministry of Defence has admitted that planes loaded with tritium, plutonium and enriched uranium -- ingredients for atomic warheads -- were flown between the UK and the US 23 times in the last five years. Two emergency exercises codenamed Astral Bend envisaged planes carrying nuclear materials crashing. In 2015, a Royal Navy whistleblower was jailed after his 18-page report warned the Trident -- the UK's flagship nuclear sub -- was a "disaster waiting to happen."

Research Reveals: US an Oligarchy Not a Democracy and Is Not Universally Loved
(BBC & The Pew Research Center)

The US is dominated by a rich and powerful elite, so concludes a Princeton University study. The wealthy few move policy, while the average American has little power. When a majority of citizens disagrees with economic elites and/or with organised interests, they generally lose. Moreover, because of the strong status quo bias built into the US political system, even when fairly large majorities of Americans favor policy change, they generally do not get it.

The Trident: An Icon of Militarism
(Nadia Mitchell / Veterans for Peace & Caroline Lucas, Nicola Sturgeon and Leanne Wood / The Guardian)

On February 27, thousands of protesters -- including Jeremy Corbyn, the new leader of Britain's Labour Party -- gathered in London for a huge anti-nuclear march and rally. The rally called for the elimination of the country's nuclear-submarine program, calling the Navy's Trident submarine "an outdated weapon system from a bygone age." Protestors cited 13 occasions from across the world when nuclear weapons were nearly launched by accident.

ACTION ALERT: Tell Your UN Ambassador
(The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN))

There are 16,000 nuclear weapons in the world. Nine states possess nuclear weapons. Five additional NATO states have nuclear weapons on their territory. A single one could create a humanitarian catastrophe. Nuclear weapons are the only weapons of mass destruction that have not yet been ruled illegal under international law. For the first time in history we can do something about it! It's time to make things right and ban nuclear weapons for good. Support the ban campaign.

Let's End the Peril of a Nuclear Winter
(Alan Robock and Owen Brian Toon / Op-Ed, The New York Times)

Even with the reduced US and Russian nuclear arsenals agreed to in 2010, the world still risks destruction. Smoke from incinerated cities would create a "nuclear winter," plunging global temperatures below freezing year 'round. Crops would die and most of humanity would perish. But it is not just superpowers that threaten the planet. A "small" nuclear war between any two countries using 100 Hiroshima-size atom bombs, could easily destroy most life on Earth.

Japan Should Lead UN Talks to Establish Nuclear Ban
(Editorial / The Asahi Shimbun)

The Japanese government has decided to join a new working group on nuclear disarmament that the United Nations will set up later this month. Non-nuclear weapon states are deepening their recognition in recent years of the dangerous and inhumane nature of nuclear arms. A momentum is picking up for a ban on nuclear weapons under international law.

The Pentagon's Wars Are Lowering Global Life Expectancy
(Nick Alexandrov / CounterPunch)

One of the greatest stories of the 20th century was the doubling of the life expectancy of adults. In the last quarter-century, Washington has helped fight this trend. Deaths in the Mexico's US-backed drug wars have been killing around 19,000 a year. US sanctions against Iraq killed more than half a million children in 1995. In 1985-90, the life expectancy in Iraq was 63.9. After the US invasion, Iraq's life expectancy fell to 57 years -- on par with Sudan, Yemen, and Afghanistan.

Q: Who Runs the Pentagon? A: Not the Secretary of Defense
(Andrew J. Bacevich / The Nation)

Today, nearly 15 years after it began, it continues with no end in sight. The inability of "the greatest fighting force the world has ever known" to bring that enterprise to a successful close would seem to require an explanation. Secretary Carter offers none. Nor does he even hazard a guess as to when, how, or at what cost the final victory will be gained. Instead, he gives such questions the widest possible berth. Indeed, he ignores them.

The Pentagon Just Issued Marching Orders on Climate Change
(Matt Smith / VICE News)

A bit over a year after identifying climate change as a "significant challenge" for the US military, the US Department of Defense has given its top officials orders for handling the hazards posed by a warming world. A 12-page document issued in January gives specific tasks to various Defense Department offices and regional commands, from determining how higher sea levels or longer droughts affect US bases to what new gear might be needed to work in a thawing Arctic.

Politics and Planet: Will the Renewable Revolution Be Allowed to Happen?
(Paul Krugman / The New York Times & Joe Romm / ThinkProgress)

Commentary: We are now close to achieving a renewable-energy revolution. Some energy experts even proclaim a "Renewables Revolution is now unstoppable." What's more, getting that energy revolution wouldn't require a political revolution. All it would take are fairly modest policy changes -- some of which have already happened and others of which are already underway. But those changes won't happen if the wrong people end up in power.

2015: The Year that Ended Dangerously
(Jim Thomas and the ETC Group Crew)

Commentary: "At the start of every year, ETC Group produces a irreverent (and usually late . . .) review of the preceding year and slim set of predictions for the year to come. Please find below our latest review of 2015. We are dubbing 2015 'The Year that Ended Dangerously". We hope you find this review entertaining if not too depressing. A nicely designed version with cartoons of cats and other distractions can be found [online at the attached link]."

Toward a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World: One Billion Citizens' Appeal
(Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation & Foreign Press Center Japan & Hajimu Takeda / Asahi Shimbun)

We are deeply concerned that, even a quarter of a century since the Cold War's end, nearly 16,000 nuclear warheads still exist in today's world, which is filled with violence and countless seeds of conflict. Declassified documents reveal that the risks of inadvertent nuclear weapons use from accident or miscalculation are quite high. It is urgent for nuclear-weapon states and those under the nuclear 'umbrella' to conduct earnest dialogues to plan for their security without reliance on the concept of nuclear deterrence.

ACTION ALERT: Demand an Honest Summit on Syria: Failure Could Lead to a Nuclear War
(An Urgent Appeal by the US Peace Council)

After almost half a decade of violent proxy war, terrorism, and bloodshed, Syria's warring parties have agreed to meet in Geneva, to seek a political solution to a war that has cost the lives of tens of thousands of innocent men, women and children. But the summit, as currently conceived, excludes moderate Syrians and Kurds. A non-inclusive process will lead to further war and increase the likelihood of a nuclear confrontation between the US and Russia.

Will Trade Trump the Climate Pact?
(Brian Bienkowski / The Daily Climate)

TransCanada's lawsuit over Keystone XL is the tip of the iceberg: Protections in two new trade deals could undermine limits in the freshly minted Paris climate pact, as investors safeguard 'expected profits'

The Delta Five Challenge Climate Change in Court
(Andy Rowell / Oil Change International)

History was made in an unassuming grey court oom in Snohomish county in Washington State, when the "Delta 5" -- five activists who blocked a shipment of explosive crude oil by rail last year -- argued that their actions were justified by the threat of climate change. It marked the first time that a US court has allowed defendants to use the "necessity defense" in a case relating to climate action.

Two Powerful Messages to Save the Earth: One Message Comes from a Gorilla Named Koko
(Daniele Santi / TEDxCrocetta & David Wilkes / The Daily Mail)

In a powerful TED talk, Daniele Santi, who works for Senzatomica, Italy's largest anti-nuclear movement explains how "social and even personal disarmament" is an necessary first step to accomplish the abolition of nuclear weapons. Meanwhile, Koko, a 44-year-old gorilla who has been learning sign language since she was one recently delivered a 60-second New Year's message revealing she loved flowers and animals and called upon humans to stop killing the Earth.

Nature's Warning Signal
(Natalie Wolchover / The Atlantic & Quanta Magazine)

Complex systems like ecological food webs, the brain, and the climate all give off a characteristic signal when disaster is around the corner. The phenomenon, called "critical slowing down," is a lengthening of the time that a system takes to recover from small disturbances, such as a disease that reduces the minnow population. It occurs because a system's internal stabilizing forces grow weaker near the point at which they suddenly propel the system toward a different state.

Near-Term Human Extinction and The People's Charter to Create a Nonviolent World
(Robert J. Burrowes / War Is a Crime)

If you hadn't previously heard the expression 'near term human extinction', you have now. The expression 'near term human extinction' is relatively new in the scientific literature but, unlike other truths that have been successfully suppressed by national elites and their corporate media, this one will keep filtering out until you start to hear the expression routinely.

Obama's Global Warming Limits Under Attack from GOP Politicians
(Ken Kimmell / Union of Concerned Scientists & Chris Mooney / The Washington Post)

The Obama administration's new limits on global warming emissions from power plants are the single most effective climate action ever undertaken by our government. And since the day they went into effect, they've been under threat. Twenty-six states are suing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to stop their implementation. Congress recently voted to dismantle the limits outright. And a majority of the presidential candidates oppose them.

US Military Pollution and Climate Change
(Caroline Bridgman-Rees / US Peace Council )

US military pollution is the worst in the world. Its assault on the climate hastens global disaster, threatens human lives everywhere, and wastes precious natural resources for future generations. The US federal government, Pentagon, Congress and NATO are responsible for this pollution, as are political and corporate leaders, military industrialists, contractors, engineers, and scientists. All of them justify violent methods of national security for profit and power.

The Paris Agreement on Climate -- A Good Start, But . . .
(Arjun Makhijani / Green World)

The Paris Climate Agreement may have been the "strongest possible" -- by recognizing that the real goal should be limiting global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Centigrade rather than the 2 degrees previously sought. The final document was stronger than many believed possible. That said, the agreement doesn't go far enough. So what is in the agreement? Dr. Arjun Makhijani, president of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, offers this analysis.

No Greater Threat to the World's Children than Climate Change
(Jim Shultz / Yes! Magazine)

Commentary: There are 2.3 billion children (defined as people under 18) living on Earth and they are most concentrated in the parts of the world most at risk: sub-Saharan Africa with its growing drought crisis, the areas of East Asia in the path of increasing killer storms, and the parts of South Asia most at risk for flooding. In short, climate change's triple threat has the world's children squarely in its path.

The End of Fossil Fuels is Near
(Kumi Naidoo / EcoWatch )

The wheel of climate action turns slowly, but in Paris it has turned. There's much in this deal that frustrates and disappoints me, but it still puts the fossil fuel industry squarely on the wrong side of history. Parts of this deal have been diluted and polluted by the people who despoil our planet, but it contains a new temperature limit of 1.5 degrees.

Why the Paris Climate 'Success' Is a 'Fraud'
(Nick Dearden / Global Justice Now & The Institute for Public Accuracy & Bjorn Lomborg / The Copenhagen Consensus Center)

"For us people who are really affected by climate change, we need to change the slogan '1.5 to stay alive' to '1.5 we might survive', because already at 0.8 degrees, we're already suffering loss of lives." Despite the self-congratulatory statements from world leaders praising themselves for single-handedly saving the world from climate catastrophe on December 12, 2015, the reality is that they have set the planet on course to burn.

Here's What You Need to Know about The New Paris Climate Agreement
(Ben Adler / Grist)

Analyses: The Paris Agreement is not a treaty. Its climate-change agreements are not binding. (The Obama administration insisted on this so the deal wouldn't require US Senate approval.) The Agreement commits 196 countries to limit global warming to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels -- with a stretch goal of keeping below 1.5 C. But under the most optimistic assumptions, the Paris accord will set us on a path to 2.7 to 3.5 C of warming.

Not on the Paris Climate Table: A World without Oxygen or Human Rights
(Renee Lewis / Al Jazeera America)

While some effects of climate change on the oceans -- including acidification and rising sea levels -- are well known, its effects on oxygen levels in the seas have largely been left out of the COP21 discussion in Paris. The latest draft also omits all references mandating protection of human rights -- including the rights of indigenous peoples. Indigenous leaders said the omission is a ploy by wealthy industrialized nations to avoid liability for their role in causing climate change.

Nuclear Weapons and Suicide Bombing: Nuclear-free Pleas from Paris and Australia
(Alan Robock / The Huffington Post & Tim Wright / ICAN and Senator Lisa Singh)

France's 300 nuclear weapons were useless to protect them from the horrendous suicide bomb attacks in Paris on Nov. 13, 2016. And if France ever uses those weapons to attack another country's cities and industrial areas, France itself will become a suicide bomber. Today nine countries together possess more than 15,000 nuclear weapons. And most of those weapons are many times more efficient, effective and powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan in 1945.

Failing Oxygen: Global Warming Could Suffocate Life on Earth
(Science Daily & Taylor Hill / Takepart & Climate Reality Project)

A new study finds that unabated greenhouse gas emissions will cripple ocean phytoplankton's ability to produce oxygen. Falling oxygen levels could be a greater threat to the survival of life on planet Earth than flooding. An increase in the temperature of the world's oceans of around six degrees Celsius -- which some scientists predict could occur as soon as 2100 -- could stop oxygen production by phytoplankton by disrupting the process of photosynthesis.

COP 21: Climate, War and Peace

An argument can be made that COP21 must address the subject of war and peace as an ecological issue. It is difficult to accurately determine the amount of atmospheric pollution caused by the military. Nonetheless, it is significant. A certain correlation can be found between the biggest C02 emitters of the world and those who are in charge of the most militarized complex. How come the IPCC does not take into account this form of destructive human activity?

It's Too Late to "Save" the Climate, But Not Too Late to Save Ourselves
(Aaron Lehmer-Chang / World Shift Vision )

Analysis: Yet another UN climate confab is about to commence, this time in Paris, where the tragic backdrop of terrorism and a growing immigration crisis now grips the country. Perhaps the gravity of the moment will prompt the delegates to ponder a world where extreme weather, rising seas, and punishing droughts lead to rising conflict and misery. Still, we're unlikely to see an agreement from Paris that truly stems the tide of rising carbon pollution.

Nuclear Reactors Are Prime Terrorist Targets
(Harvey Wasserman / EcoWatch & NBC News & the Defense Nuclear Agency)

A terror attack has put atomic reactors in Ukraine at the brink of a Chernobyl-scale apocalypse. Transmission lines were attacked. Power to at least two major nuclear power stations has been "dangerously" cut. Yet amidst its endless "all-fear-all-the-time" reporting, the corporate media has remained silent on the threat posed by the world's 430-plus licensed commercial nuclear plants. Each one is a terrorist target that could trigger a radioactive Apocalypse that could kill millions.

This Week Will Be the Last Time Anyone Alive Experiences a CO2 Level Below 400 ppm
(Pakalolo / Daily Kos & FishOutofWater / Daily Kos)

Having recently passed both the 400 ppm concentration of atmospheric CO2 and (potentially) the 1°C threshold temperature rise makes it clear we are already living in a different world. We have significantly reduced the options available to us in the future. If we aren't going to blow past the next set of thresholds -- 500 ppm and 2°C -- within just a few more decades, we have a lot of work to do at the critical climate conference in Paris.

Learning the New Lessons of Climate Change Adaptation
(Robert Jensen / Yes! Magazine & The Reynolds Journalism Institute)

Climate change is a global process that plays out on the ground in dramatically different ways based on where, and how, we live. How human communities will adapt to global warming's effects depends on geography and money. Until now, information about adaptation hasn't been well organized for reporters so the Reynolds Journalism Institute has created this guide so journalists can all find the information and sources they need to get up to speed on the topic.

Amid Terror Fever, Bernie Sanders Refuses to Back Down on Climate-Terrorism Connection
(Lauren McCauley / Common Dreams & Scott Galindez / Reader Supported News)

Bernie Sanders: "If we do not get our act together and listen to what the scientists say, you're going to see all sorts of international conflict. If we don't get the money out of politics, and don't bring people back into the process, we might as well elect a king or queen and stop having elections. If we let the billionaire class consolidate their power, America will become an oligarchy and Democracy will no longer exist. We need socialism to save America."

A New Global Threat: Wars and Refugee Flight Triggered by Climate Change
(Joe Romm / ThinkProgress)

"The Syria conflict has triggered the world's largest humanitarian crisis since World War II," reports the European Commission. And a scientific studies have confirmed that "Human-caused climate change was a major trigger of Syria's brutal civil war." Global security now calls for plans to respond to the destabilizing effects of climate change that can trigger flight and warfare.

Big Coal Covered Up Planetcide: Peabody Coal (Like Exxon) Covered Up Climate Change, Lied to Investors
(Tim McDonnell / Mother Jones & Grist)

Just days after President Barack Obama rejected the Keystone XL pipeline, environmentalists were handed another victory Monday morning when New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman released the results of an investigation that found one of the world's largest coal companies had misled the public and its shareholders about the risks climate change could pose to its bottom line.

1 Degree C Warming Feared by Year End: Pacific Ocean Approaches 'Tipping Point'
(Al Jazeera America & The San Francisco Chronicle)

The planet's temperature is on track to rise 1 degree C before the end of this year -- halfway to a 'tipping point' that could unleash an unprecedented catastrophe of devastating storms, droughts, floods. Meanwhile, troubling changes in the waters of the Pacific suggest the planets oceans are also undergoing a dramatic shift that could trigger mass die-offs and a collapse of oceanic food systems

The Risk of 'Nuclear Exercises': In 1983, a NATO Nuclear Exercise Nearly Triggered a Nuclear War
(Sam Roberts / The New York Times)

In 1983, newly released documents reveal, a US/NATO nuclear training exercise code named Able Archer nearly provoked a nuclear war with the Soviet Union. Neither superpower intended to go nuclear, but the risk of a mistaken miscalculation pushed an unknowing world to the brink of oblivion. While the Cuban missile crisis led JFK to sign the nuclear test ban, the 1983 incident led Reagan to Reykjavik -- and almost lead to the goal of nuclear abolition.

An Overlooked Terrorist Threat: Pollution from Global War Economies Kills Millions Every Year
(TeleSUR & Kathy Kelly / TeleSUR)

As nations prepare to convene for the Climate Summit in Paris, a new study confirms that industrialized farming plays a huge role in air pollution, smog and soot deaths currently killing around 3.3 million people a year around the world. Another major contributor to pollution-caused climate change is the US military. Earth's military crisis, its climate crisis, and the paralyzing economic inequalities that burden impoverished people are linked.

Exxon Knew Everything There Was to Know About Climate Change by the Mid-1980s -- and Denied It
(Bill McKibben / The Nation & Zoe Carpenter / The Nation)

Documents reveal Exxon knew as early as 1981 that carbon emissions drive climate change. As early as the late 1970s, Exxon scientists warned top executives that climate change was real, dangerous, and caused by their products. By the early 1980s, Exxon's own climate models were predicting -- with great accuracy -- the track the global temperature has taken ever since. This all adds weight to rising calls that fossil-fuel companies be prosecuted for criminal conspiracy.

The NYPD Is Using Mobile X-Ray Vans to Spy on Unknown Targets
(Conor Friedersdorf / The Atlantic & Orin Kerr / The Washington Post)

New York City police now maintain an unknown number of military-grade vans outfitted with X-ray radiation, enabling cops to look through the walls of buildings or the sides of trucks. The technology was used in Afghanistan before being loosed on US streets. Each X-ray van costs an estimated $729,000 to $825,000. The NYPD will not reveal when, where, or how often they are used.

Iran Claims US Sanctions Are Hurting Climate Change Efforts
(Renee Lewis / Al Jazeera America)

Majid Shafie-Pour, Iran's climate delegation chief and Tehran's lead envoy at UN climate negotiations in Bonn has said that his country could quadruple its carbon emissions cuts if economic sanctions imposed by the United States, United Nations and European Union were ended. Of countries that have not yet announced COs-cutting plans -- in advance of the global climate summit in Paris in December -- Iran is the biggest source of carbon dioxide emissions.

Shrink the Pentagon's Massive Contribution to Climate Change
(Lenore M. Hitchler / Citizens Climate Lobby and 350.org)

A lot of talk about the causes of climate change emphasizes the contributions of individuals to the problem. One fact is seldom mentioned -- the single large contribution to global climate change is the military. Any discussion of the causes of climate change that omits the Pentagon's enormous use of petroleum products does not provide an adequate framework for understanding the causes of climate change.

September 26: Stanislov Petrov Day: The Man Who Prevented a Nuclear Holocaust
(Gar Smith / The Berkeley Daily Planet & David Wright / The Union of Concerned Scientists)

September 26 should be recognized globally as Petrov Day. If it hadn't been for Lt. Col. Stanislav Petrov, in 1983 nuclear war would have erupted and billions of people would have been killed. Russian radar has incorrect reported incoming US ballistic missiles and it was Petrov's duty to unleash a retaliatory attack. Petrov ignored his training and refused to launch the missiles. A movie about this incident -- "The Man Who Saved the World" -- is now showing in select theaters.

What about the Syrians Who Haven't Been Able to Escape?
(Emily Feldman / Al Jazeera America)

The bombs that crash into the Syrian city of Aleppo have become so familiar to residents that some identify them by sound. Among the most feared are the so-called "elephant rockets", which thunder into neighborhoods, obliterating anything they hit. The problems are innumerable and getting worse. Besides the near daily bombings, there are fewer doctors, repairmen or experts of any kind to respond to tragedies and keep basic services running.

Climategate! Documents Reveal ExxonMobil's Secret Plot to Destroy the Planet for Profit
(Elliot Negin / The Union of Concerned Scientists)

Once-secret documents now reveal that 30 years ago, scientific experts commissioned by 50 US corporations --including British Petroleum, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Exxon, Mobil, and Shell -- warned that fossil fuel use was clearly linked to global warming. The oil companies hid the studies and mounted a multimillion-dollar lobbying campaign and conspired to create and fund climate-change-denial studies to undermine efforts to address global warming.

9/11: A Conspiracy Theory Explained in under Five Minutes
(James Corbett / The Corbett Report)

On September 11, 2001, 19 men armed with boxcutters directed by a man on dialysis in a cave fortress halfway around the world using a satellite phone and a laptop to penetrate the most heavily-defended airspace in the world. . . . the hijackers -- devout religious fundamentalists who liked to drink alcohol, snort cocaine, and live with pink-haired strippers -- managed to knock down three buildings with two planes in New York and strike the Pentagon in Washington.

ACTION ALERT: Preparations Underway for Critical December Climate Summit in Paris

The governments of the world are working on the negotiating text of a new global agreement to combat climate change. It will be signed in December, during the Paris Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and will take effect in 2020. AIDA is advocating for the new climate agreement to be a tool that adequately addresses the effects of extreme changes in climate, especially in the most vulnerable countries.

The Real Nuclear Danger Isn't Iran or North Korea, It's the US and Russia
(Joe Cirincione / Al Jazeera America)

Analysis: The most dangerous nuclear threats are not North Korea or Iran but the US and Russia -- the ones with nearly all of the weapons. There are almost 16,000 nuclear weapons still in the world today, and the US and Russia possess 94 percent of them. Worse, 1,800 of these Russian and American weapons sit atop missiles on hair-trigger alert, ready to launch on a few minutes notice.

We Are a Generation of War
(Sean Langberg and Maggie O'Donnell / Friends Committee on National Legislation)

Commentary: "When we were nine years-old, President Bush declared a "war on terror" and less than three weeks later the war in Afghanistan began. Today, 13 years later, we are young adults and the war rages on, vastly expanding in scope. We are a generation of war. . . . In the first decade since President Bush launched the 'war on terror,' the US spent $7.6 trillion on "defense" and 'homeland security.' Since 2001, the Pentagon's base budget has nearly doubled."

The Point of No Return: Climate Change Nightmares Are Already Here
(Eric Holthaus / Rolling Stone Magazine)

In the past few months, record-setting heat waves in Pakistan and India killed more than 2,000 people. The rain forests in Washington state's Olympic National Park caught fire for the first time in living memory. In California, suffering from its worst drought in a millennium, an explosive fire incinerated cars trapped on the I-15 freeway during rush-hour traffic. A few days later, the region was pounded by an unprecedented summer deluge. Sea levels are now expected to rise 10 feet by 2065.

A Peace Declaration from The City of Hiroshima
(Matsui Kazumi, Mayor of the City of Hiroshima & Akira Kawasaki / Peace Boat.org)

In our town, we had the warmth of family life, the deep human bonds of community, festivals heralding each season, traditional culture and buildings passed down through history, as well as riversides where children played. At 8:15 a.m., August 6, 1945, all of that was destroyed by a single atomic bomb. Below the mushroom cloud, a charred mother and child embraced, countless corpses floated in rivers, and buildings burned to the ground. Tens of thousands were burned in those flames.

It's Time to Ban the Bomb
(Hans Blix / Project Syndicate & A Video by Kathleen Sullivan and Amber Cooper-Davies)

The nuclear agreement between Iran, the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany, and the EU, comes at a historically propitious moment. Seventy years ago next month, the nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki opened the darkest chapter in the long history of humanity's wartime horrors. Fire, bullets, and bayonets were now joined by nuclear radiation -- a silent, invisible killer like gas and biological agents.

The B61-12: Obama Pledged to Reduce Nuclear Arsenal, Then Came This Weapon
(Len Ackland and Burt Hubbard / Reveal @ The Center for Investigative Reporting)

With the United States' new B61-12 nuclear bomb, the military can change the explosive power of the each detonation -- from an equivalent force of 50,000 tons of TNT down to 300 tons. The bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, during World War II, detonated at about 2,000 feet, was the equivalent of 15,000 tons. Search for a location below and click the various yields to simulate a surface explosion of the B61-12.

Preventive Wars: The Antithesis of Realpolitik
(Michael Lind / The National Interest)

In the domestic debate about the nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 nations including the United States, it is often routinely asserted, by Democrats and Republicans alike, that "all options are on the table," including "the military option," by which is meant an unprovoked preventive war by the United States or perhaps Israel to destroy Iranian facilities which might be used to produce nuclear weapons. The casual and widespread acceptance of "the military option" is a disturbing development.

Lessons from Obama's War in Libya
(Ivan Eland / AntiWar.com)

In March 2011, President Obama succumbed to French pressure and led the NATO alliance from behind in bombing the Libyan dictator, Muammar Gaddafi. Given the results of post-Gaddafi chaos in Libya, however, perhaps having "led from behind" gives Obama some political cover for what has become yet another US intervention fiasco. Security-wise the United States was better off when Gaddafi kept things under control in Libya.

Al Gore Calls Obama's Arctic Oil OK 'Insane' as NOAA Proclaims Earth 'Gravely Ill'
(Suzanne Goldenberg / The Guardian & Seth Borenstein / Associated Press)

With Shell planning to begin drilling in the Chukchi Sea within days, Gore said that Obama was wrong to ever allow drilling in the Arctic. Meanwhile, in their annual, detailed physical of Earth's climate, NOAA scientists warn that the world is in increasingly hot and rising water. With about 93 percent of the man-made heat energy absorbed by the world's oceans,surface temperatures were the hottest recorded in 135 years, with the record levels of heat energy measured down to 2,300 feet below the surface.

ACTION ALERT: A Call for Sanity on 60th of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto
(World Beyond War)

Sixty years after Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell issued their manifesto about the growing threat of world war, the globe continues to face the prospect of nuclear annihilation -- coupled with the looming threat of climate change. "Here, then, is the problem which we present to you, stark and dreadful and inescapable: Shall we put an end to the human race; or shall mankind renounce war?"

Libya's Benghazi, Now a Shattered City
(The Associated Press & The Embassy of Libya)

The old courthouse in central Benghazi, Libya's second-largest city and the birthplace of the uprising against Moammar Gadhafi, is a shelled-out ruin -- a testimony to the destruction and chaos that followed the US-backed destabilization of the country. Today, Libya is bitterly divided between an elected parliament and government in the east and an Islamist militia-backed government in the west. Hundreds of militias are aligned with either side or on their own, battling for power and turf.

An Encyclical Letter on Care for Our Common Home: Part 5
(The Holy Father Pope Francis)

"More than fifty years ago, with the world teetering on the brink of nuclear crisis, Pope Saint John XXIII wrote an Encyclical which not only rejected war but offered a proposal for peace. He addressed his message Pacem in Terris to the entire "Catholic world" and indeed "to all men and women of good will". Now, faced as we are with global environmental deterioration, I wish to address every person living on this planet . . . to enter into dialogue with all people about our common home."

An Encyclical Letter on Care for Our Common Home: Part 1
(The Holy Father Pope Francis)

"More than fifty years ago, with the world teetering on the brink of nuclear crisis, Pope Saint John XXIII wrote an Encyclical which not only rejected war but offered a proposal for peace. He addressed his message Pacem in Terris to the entire "Catholic world" and indeed "to all men and women of good will". Now, faced as we are with global environmental deterioration, I wish to address every person living on this planet . . . to enter into dialogue with all people about our common home."

An Encyclical Letter on Care for Our Common Home: Part 2
(The Holy Father Pope Francis)

More than fifty years ago, with the world teetering on the brink of nuclear crisis, Pope Saint John XXIII wrote an Encyclical which not only rejected war but offered a proposal for peace. He addressed his message Pacem in Terris to the entire "Catholic world" and indeed "to all men and women of good will". Now, faced as we are with global environmental deterioration, I wish to address every person living on this planet . . . to enter into dialogue with all people about our common home."

An Encyclical Letter on Care for Our Common Home: Part 3
(The Holy Father Pope Francis)

More than fifty years ago, with the world teetering on the brink of nuclear crisis, Pope Saint John XXIII wrote an Encyclical which not only rejected war but offered a proposal for peace. He addressed his message Pacem in Terris to the entire "Catholic world" and indeed "to all men and women of good will". Now, faced as we are with global environmental deterioration, I wish to address every person living on this planet . . . to enter into dialogue with all people about our common home."

The G-7 Embraces Decarbonization: Global Fossil-fuel-free Goal
(Jeffrey Sachs / Project Syndicate)

This week's G-7 meeting at Schloss Elmau in the Bavarian Alps marked a major breakthrough in climate-change policy. The seven largest high-income economies (the United States, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Canada) made the revolutionary decision to decarbonize their economies during this century. For the first time in history, the major rich economies have agreed on the need to end their dependence on fossil fuels.

New Analysis Shows Earth Is Warming Faster Than We Thought
(Matthew Francis / Forbes)

Politicians may dither and talking heads bloviate, but the scientific consensus is clear: climate change is real, humans are responsible, and its effects are already being felt around the world. Now, a new look at global temperature data shows that the rate of climate change is still getting larger, contrary to the latest report by the International Panel on Climate Change.

Israel Thanks Obama for Sabotaging Nuclear Nonproliferation Deal
(Sarah Lazare / Common Dreams & Thalif Deen / IPS News)

The US sabotage of an international agreement aimed at eradicating nuclear weapons stockpiles has been met mostly with alarm and frustration around the world -- but gratitude from one key US ally: Israel. The US, Britain and France have destroyed the latest hopes for a nuclear weapons ban as the US plans to spend a $1 trillion over the next 30 years building two new bomb factories plus submarines, airplanes, and missiles to deliver a new generation of "improved" nuclear weapons.

Shell Oil Secretly Preparing for Hell on Earth
(The Daily Kos & Terry Macalister / The Guardian)

Shell Oil recognizes that burning oil fuels climate change but the company is planning to let the planet burn and put "profits before planet." Shell's New Lens planning document anticipates the burning of fossil fuels will lead to a 4C global rise by 2100, leading to widespread coastal flooding, widespread animal and plant extinctions and devastating impacts on global agriculture. Portions of the Arctic and western and southern Africa could experience warming up to 10C.

Nuclear Proliferation Is Still Greatest Existential Threat We Face
(Former CIA Covert Operations Officer Valerie Plame Wilson / The Huffington Post)

Twenty-six years after the end of the Cold War, the world still has more than 15,000 nuclear weapons. Whatever other issues people care about -- poverty, the environment, inequality and so many others -- if we don't get this one right, and soon, nothing else will matter. We are at a crossroads on this issue and the decisions we make over the next 10 years will set us on a course either toward the elimination of all nuclear weapons or toward expanding arsenals and proliferation.

Global Carbon Dioxide Levels Break 400 ppm Milestone
(Adam Vaughan / The Guardian)

Concentrations of CO2 greenhouse gas in the atmosphere reached record global average in March, figures show, in a stark signal ahead of Paris climate talks. Researchers say heatwaves that previously occurred once every three years are now happening every 200 days thanks to global warming.

A Warming World Means a World Without Animals
(John R. Platt / Takepart.com)

Conservationists and scientists have long predicted that climate change would push species around the world into extinction. Now comes word that the problem may be even worse than was previously realized. According to a paper published Thursday in the journal Science, the rate of extinction will dramatically speed up for every degree temperatures rise.

The GOP Wants the EPA DOA
(Union of Concerned Scientists & The Hill & The Washington Post)

In April, the House passed two bills, H.R. 1029 (the EPA Science Advisory Board Reform Act of 2015) and H.R. 1030 (the Secret Science Reform Act of 2015) that would severely undermine the role of science in protecting public health and the environment. The debate about science in this Congress isn't about carefully selecting which scientific endeavors are worthy of support. The debate is about whether we should use science to protect public health and the environment.

Revolution: Ignorance Is Killing Our Earth
(The Daily Beast)

A stunning new documentary by Rob Stewart, the filmmaker behind the award-winning Sharkwater, has released in time for Earth Day. The message of Revolution is sobering: if we continue on our current trajectory, by 2050 we will face a world with no fisheries, no coral reefs, no rainforests, declining oxygen concentrations, and nine billion hungry, thirsty people fighting over what remains. What is needed is a social political and environmental revolution.

I.F. Stone on Earth Day: Connecting the Dots
(Naomi Klein / This Changes Everything & Prince Ea / Stand for Trees)

Until we have a leadership willing to make the enormous changes -- psychological, military, and bureaucratic -- to end the existing world system of hatred, anarchy, murder, war and pollution, there is no use talking about . . . spending a couple of hundred million dollars on the Missouri River. If we do not challenge these fundamental causes of peril, we will be conned by the establishment while basic decisions are made over which we have very little control, though they endanger everything on which our future and the world's depend.

Iran Calls for Ceasefire in Yemen as Saudi Air Raids Kill Hundreds of Civilians
(Al Jazeera America & Reuters & Ahmed Al-Kolaibi / Dar Al-Salam Organization)

On April 21, the Saudi-led coalition bombing Yemen called a halt to the airstrikes that had pounded Houthi rebels for more than three weeks. Saudi officials said the bombing had neutralized threats to the kingdom and destroyed Houthi heavy weapons but observers inside Yemen reported the air strikes were responsible for demolishing homes and killing hundreds of civilians. The air war, itself, was faulted for failing to deter Houthi advances while fueling anger against the Saudi-backed forces.

NATO and the Looming Threat of Nuclear War
(Noam Chomsky / RT News & Michel Chossudovsky / Global Research)

How dangerous is the current confrontation between Russia and the West? Noam Chomsky fears NATO expansion and US quest for hegemony has created an unstable global situation where a single misstep could result in a nuclear war. Prof. Chossudovsksy warns: While a WW III scenario implying the preemptive use of nuclear weapons has been on the Pentagon drawing board for more than ten years, military planners are now involved in more concrete attack plans directed against Russia.

Nuclear Weapons: Why Abolishing the World's Worst Weapons Is a Medical Imperative
(Susan J Wareham / The Medical Journal of Australia)

One could be forgiven for not noticing, but there has been groundbreaking activity going on that is headed in the direction of a ban on the world's most destructive weapons. This year, 2015, could see the start of negotiations for a treaty to eliminate nuclear weapons, which were first used 70 years ago on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Water Crisis & War Top Global Risks 2015 Report
(World Economic Forum)

The World Economic Forum has released a Global Risk Perception Survey, in which 900 experts ranked global risks in terms of their potential impact. The study rated the global water crises as "the greatest risk facing the world." Other top risks included interstate conflict, the rapid and massive spread of infectious diseases, weapons of mass destruction and failure of climate change adaptation.The biggest threat to the stability of the world in the next 10 years comes from the risk of international conflict.

The Globalization of War: America's "Long War" against Humanity
(Book Excerpt: Michel Chossudovsky / Global Research)

The "globalization of war" is a hegemonic project. Major military and covert intelligence is being undertaken simultaneously in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia and the Far East. The US military agenda combines both major theater operations as well as covert actions geared towards destabilizing sovereign states. Under a global military agenda, the actions undertaken by the Western military alliance are coordinated at the highest levels of the military hierarchy.

We Must Keep Fossil Fuels in the Ground to Stop Climate Change
(George Monbiot / The Guardian)

In the fourth piece in The Guardian's major series on climate change, George Monbiot argues that once coal, oil and gas are produced, they will be used. And yet, after 23 years of UN negotiations there have been almost no steps taken to stop the production -- rather than the use of -- fossil fuels.

The Climate Crisis Alarms Are Ringing
(Naomi Klein / The Guardian)

The second in a major series of articles on the climate crisis and how humanity can solve it. In this extract taken from the Introduction to This Changes Everything by Naomi Klein, the author calls the climate crisis a civilisational wake-up call to alter our economy, our lifestyles, now -- before they get changed for us.

Addressing Climate Change Requires a Planetary Marshall Plan
(Naomi Klein / The Guardian)

The only historical precedent for a crisis of this depth and scale was the Cold War fear that we were heading toward nuclear holocaust, which would have made much of the planet uninhabitable. The vast majority of nuclear scientists never told us that we were almost certainly going to put our civilisation in peril if we kept going about our daily lives as usual -- which is what the climate scientists have been telling us for years.

The World Need a Legally-Binding Treaty to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons
(Ray Acheson / Inter Press Service & Josh Butler / Inter Press Service)

Five years after the adoption of the NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) Action Plan in 2010, compliance with commitments related to nuclear disarmament lags far behind those related to non-proliferation or the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Meanwhile, a lawsuit by the Marshall Islands accusing the United States of failing to begin negotiations for nuclear disarmament has been thrown out of an American court.

Mikhail Gorbachev Warns Ukraine Crisis Could Trigger Nuclear War
(Justin Huggler / The Telegraph & Sebastian Whale / The Telegraph & Al Jazeera America)

Mikhail Gorbachev, the former Soviet leader, has warned that the world is at risk of a "nuclear war" because of the tensions between Russia and the West over Ukraine. "I actually see all the signs of a new Cold War," Mr Gorbachev said. "It could all blow up at any moment if we don't take action. The loss of confidence is catastrophic. Moscow does not believe the West, and the West does not believe Moscow."

Planet Earth, RIP? Science Says 'Yes' Unless We Change Our Habits
(Joel Achenbach / The Washington Post)

The Journal Science this month reports: Human activity has pushed Earth beyond 4 of all 7 planetary boundaries essential for the survival of life. Sustainability is unlikely, and at best, questionable by end of century.

As Many As 690 Species Went Extinct in a Single Week
(Brittany Greenquist / RYOT)

he journal Nature just published an in-depth look at the threats faced by wildlife around the globe. It seems what we thought was bad is even worse. Estimates suggest that somewhere between 500 and 36,000 species could disappear each year (or 10 to 690 a week).

Russia To Unleash Ultimate Black Swan Against The West
(Paul Craig Roberts / King World News Radio)

We may see Russia unleash black swans that bring down the Western house of cards. Suppose the Russian government says, 'Well, since the attack on the ruble is political and you guys are attacking the ruble and causing us so much trouble, we are just not going to pay off the next traunch of our debt that comes due early in 2015.' Well, the European banking system would collapse because those banks are terribly undercapitalized. Some of them have loans to Russia that almost absorb the entire capital base.

World's Leading Economists Conclude: 'Trickle-down Economics' Creates Inequality, Not Growth
(Larry Elliott / The Guardian)

A report by the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development has rejected the theory of "trickle-down economics," noting the "sizeable and statistically negative impact" of income inequality that such policies produce. Given the economic failure and negative social fallout of Ronald Reagan's "trickle-down" economics, the OECD has proposed the imposition of higher taxes on the rich and policies aimed at improving the lot of the bottom 40% of the population.

Risk of Nuclear War Rising: Russia Launches 3 ICBMs; US Launches 3 ICBMs
(Ian Johnston / The Independent & Tyler Durden / ZeroHedge & SputnikNews)

Urgent action is needed to minimise the risk of a nuclear war, more than 120 senior military, political and diplomatic figures from across the world have warned. Ahead of the Vienna Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons, the experts wrote that the danger of such a conflict was "underestimated or insufficiently understood" by world leaders.

COP20 Lima Climate Summit Report #1
(David Simpson/ Planet Drum Foundation)

Despite a veritable barrage over the past few months of harsh scientific news about global warming, hope seemed to be springing anew on the first of December in the exotic soil of Peru's vast military training facility aptly referred to as the Pentagonito. It is there under the shadow of the fortress-like intelligence headquarters that the United Nations' enormous and complex annual initiative for dealing with climate change has been relaunched.

Hottest Year on Record as Climate Talks Start in Lima
(United Nations News Center & Alex Morales / Bloomberg)

With 2014 on track to be the world's hottest on record, United Nations officials pressed for urgent action to prevent the most damaging impacts of climate change at the opening of an annual summit on global warming in Lima. "There has never been so much scientific evidence of the severe and irreversible social and natural effects of climate change," said Peru's environment minister. "Never has it been so clear that the window of opportunity to reduce emissions is closing quickly."

World Climate at Risk: Denmark Shows the Way to a Sustainable Economy
(Paul Hockenos / Al Jazeera America)

Germany has been credited for paving Europe's way to a renewables-led, zero-carbon future. But the world's true climate champion is Denmark, which has just set the bar another notch higher than Germany by proposing to accelerate its phase-out of coal-fired power plants. Denmark could be coal-free by 2025 -- five years ahead of schedule -- and generate more than 70 percent of its energy from renewable sources.

The Lessons of Libya: How the West Turned a Peaceful, Prosperous African Country into a 'Failed State'.
(Dan Glazebrook / Answer Coalition)

Three years ago, the world witnessed the final defeat of the Libyan 'State of the Masses' in the face of a massive onslaught from NATO, its regional allies and local collaborators. It took seven months for the world's most powerful military alliance -- spending nearly $1 trillion per year -- to destroy a state with a population the size of Wales. 10,000 strike sorties were rained down on Libya, tens of thousands killed and injured, and the country left a battleground for hundreds of warring factions.

Amnesty International Accuses Israel of War Crimes
(Al Jazeera and The Associated Press & Amnesty International & Mark Perry / Al Jazeera America)

On November 5, 2014, Amnesty International accused Israel of committing war crimes during its 50-day military operation in Gaza this summer, saying Israeli forces had displayed "callous indifference" in attacks on family homes in the densely populated coastal strip. Israel's "Operation Protective Edge" left more than 2,100 Palestinians dead, the majority civilians. Israel's government dismissed the report, the latest in a series by human rights organizations questioning Israeli tactics in Gaza.

The GOP Victory = Approval of the XL Pipeline, Profits for the Koch Brothers, Climate Catastrophe
(Victor Menotti / IFG Action - International Forum on Globalization)

Of the $500 million the oli-billionaire Koch brothers vowed to "raise" for the midterm elections, we have tracked more than $90 million in what we believe is the only effort to track the Koch network's record spending to take over Congress. The Kochs control "close to two million acres" in Alberta (more than Exxon, Chevron and Conoco combined). As oil prices drop, the Kochs will be more aggressive than ever in pushing for approval of the Keystone XL pipeline -- and igniting a global Climate Bomb.

UN Climate Report Underscores Necessity of Swift Carbon Cuts
(Al Jazeera America & Karl Ritter / Associated Press & Bill DiBenedetto / TriplePundit)

Climate change is happening, it's almost entirely man's fault and limiting its impacts will require reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero this century, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said in a report published Sunday. "Science has spoken. There is no ambiguity in their message. Leaders must act. Time is not on our side," UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned. The world has until 2100 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to zero or face 'irreversible' consequences.

Ban Ki-moon: World Leaders Are Ready to Sign Climate Deal
(Sophie Yeo / RTCC & Associated Press)

World leaders are ready to sign an international agreement to combat climate change, says UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon. In contrast to their failed efforts five years ago in Copenhagen, politicians will head to Paris in 2015 prepared to sign a meaningful climate deal, said Ban, speaking at the launch of the UN's latest climate science report.

Green Climate Fund Lowers 2014 Goal from $15 Billion to $10 Billion
(Ed King and Meena Rahman / Responding to Climate Change)

The UN's flagship Green Climate Fund has scaled back plans to raise $15 billion by the end of 2014, with a new goal of $10 billion. Senior government officials from developed countries recently met in Bonn for technical discussions over the fund's development. So far only Germany has pledged significant backing, with Chancellor Angela Merkel offering $1 billion the day after the country won the football World Cup. The US has not yet stated how much it intends to donate.

Sept. 21 -- Thousands Expected in NYC for Largest Climate March in History
(Al Jazeera America)

Celebrities, activists and political leaders are expected to join more than 100,000 people in New York City on Sunday for what organizers say will be the largest climate-change march in history. Around the world, more than 2,700 climate events in 158 countries are planned to coincide with the New York march, including rallies in New Delhi, Jakarta, London, Melbourne and Rio de Janeiro.

Israel Turns Gaza into a "Killing Field"; Attacks Humanitarian Mission; Destroys 12-story Apartment Building
(Geetika Rudra / ABC World News & Global Research News & Anthony Bellchambers / Global Research)

In the killing fields of Gaza where heavily-armed Israeli troops in Merkava tanks and US-supplied F16 strike aircraft, fire high-explosive missiles into a civilian population in acts of collective punishment. To date, over 2,000 lives, the majority of which are unarmed civilians -- including hundreds of women and children -- have been taken. Since the fighting erupted on July 8, Israel has launched some 5,000 airstrikes at Gaza, while Gaza militants have fired close to 4,000 rockets and mortars.

Washington Has Placed The World On The Road To War
(Paul Craig Roberts / Information Clearinghouse)

Commentary: "The drums for war are being loudly beaten in Washington, European capitals, and the presstitute Western media. This time the target is Russia, a major nuclear power. The deadly consequences of such a war would extend beyond Russia, Europe, and the US to the entire world. The Western use of lies to demonize Russia endangers life on earth and reveals the West to be both reckless and irresponsible."

Leading Economists, Historians, Strategists All Warn: 'WW III Is Coming'
(Zero Hedge.com & Paul Craig Roberts / Paul Craig Roberts.org)

Paul Craig Roberts -- former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury under President Reagan, former editor of the Wall Street Journal, listed by Who's Who in America as one of the 1,000 most influential political thinkers in the world, PhD economist -- has written a chilling article about the build-up of hostilities between the US and Russia. It is titled, simply: "War Is Coming."

Pentagon's Plan to Cut Costs: Budget for Armageddon
(Ben Watson / Defense One)

Forget terrorism. The Pentagon's best path to deal with the smaller budget imposed by sequestration may just lie in preparing for nuclear war with Russia and China. According to a new study, US defense leaders should focus more on a "great power conflict" reflective of a newly aggressive Russia and rapidly modernizing China. Stop investing in unlikely-to-be used ships, aircraft and soldiers; instead, fund the expansion of nuclear-armed bombers, submarines and intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Toxic Trail Shadows US-Philippine Bases Deal
(Ted Regencia / Al Jazeera America)

In April, the United States and the Philippines signed a new military agreement expanding the presence of American troops in the country, shortly before the arrival of President Barack Obama in Manila. But environmentalists and watchdog groups are urging a closer look at the provisions of the new deal. They note that the US refused to clean up toxic waste it left behind at former bases under the old agreement, which they believe caused serious health issues in nearby communities.

The Pentagon's Role in Global Environmental Catastrophe
(Sara Flounders / International Action Center)

By every measure, the Pentagon is the largest institutional user of petroleum products and energy, yet the Pentagon has a blanket exemption in all international climate agreements.The Pentagon wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; its secret operations in Pakistan; its equipment on more than 1,000 US bases around the world; its 6,000 US facilities; all NATO operations; its aircraft carriers, jet aircraft, weapons testing, training and sales will not be counted against US greenhouse gas limits or included in any count.

UN Report: Climate Change Impacting Entire Planet, Raising Risk of Wars and Conflict
(The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change & Human Wrongs Watch)

The effects of climate change are already occurring in all continents and across the oceans, and the world, for the most part, is ill-prepared for their risks, says a United Nations report issued on 31 March 2014, which also warns that while action can be taken, managing the phenomenon's impacts will be difficult on a rapidly warming planet. "Nobody will be untouched."

Mission Still Unaccomplished: As Iraq Chaos Deepens, US Starts Sending in Troops Once More
(Mark Hosenball and Warren Strobel / Reuters)

In another sign that Washington's illegal and unprovoked attack, invasion and occupation of Iraq has left behind a failed state, the US is quietly expanding the number of intelligence officers in Iraq and holding urgent meetings in Washington and Baghdad to find ways to counter growing violence by Islamic militants. And, remember: George W. Bush's argument for his "war of choice" was a lie. There were no weapons of mass destruction.

On the 11th Anniversary of Bush's Invasion, Iraq Is a Wreck
(Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Katrina vanden Heuvel / The Nation)

On Monday, the 11th anniversary of the US invasion of Iraq, steadily increasing violence has gripped that country for the past two years. Sectarian violence claimed more than 8,000 Iraqi lives in 2013 alone, and this year's toll has already surpassed 2,000. Iraq today is a broken and failing state: the war that many would prefer to believe ended in 2011 continues unabated, with Iraqis continuing to suffer, as much as ever, the fallout from this country's callous lies and avoidable mistakes.

The Looting Of Ukraine Has Begun
(Paul Craig Roberts / Counter Currents)

Commentary: The puppet government put in power by the Washington-orchestrated coup against the legitimate, elected Ukraine government, has accepted a US-backed economic austerity plan that will cut Ukrainian pensions from $160 to $80 so that Western bankers who lent money to Ukraine can be repaid at the expense of Ukraine's poor. The Western looters are already at work. The 11 billion euros that the EU is offering Kiev is not aid. It is a loan. It is Greece all over again.

Solar-radiation Management: If the World Had a Giant Thermostat, Who Would Control the Weather?
(Victoria Schlesinger / Al Jazeera America)

As fossil-fuel emissions climb, reducing the amount of sunlight hitting the earth would have a cooling effect on surface temperatures. A study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory shows that this intentional manipulation of solar radiation could also lead to less rainfall. The reduction in sunlight can be accomplished by geoengineering schemes, including mitigating climate change by intentionally manipulating solar radiation on the Earth's surface.

US Army Builds $96 million Fake City to Shoot at during Training
(Lucy Kinder / The London Telegraph)

The 300-acre 'town' includes a five-story embassy, a bank, a school, a mosque, a football stadium, a helicopter landing zone and an underground subway and train station. Located in Virginia, the realistic subway station comes complete with subway carriages and the train station has real train carriages. The subway carriages even carry the same logo as the carriages in Washington DC. "This is where we'll look at solutions for the future," said Colonel John P. Petkosek.

No Wonder the World Is Terrified of America -- We're the Biggest Threat
(Noam Chomsky / AlterNet & The New York Times )

As the year 2013 drew to an end, the BBC reported on the results of an international poll on the question: "Which country do you think is the greatest threat to peace in the world today?" The world did not name Iran or Afghanistan or North Korea or Yemen as the gravest threat. Instead it was the United States that was the champion by a substantial margin -- winning by three times the votes of second-place Pakistan.

Shocking Snowden Revelation: US Spied on Global Climate Talks
(The Huffington Post)

At the Copenhagen Climate Summit in 2009, the world's nations were supposed to reach an agreement to protect future generations from catastrophic climate change. But not everyone was playing by the rules. A leaked document now reveals the US used NSA to intercept information about other countries' views during the summit. According to observers, the spying may have contributed to the Americans getting their way -- which resulted in a failure to reach critical carbon-cutting goals.

Obama and Climate Change: The Real Story
(Bill McKibben / Rolling Stone Magazine )

The president has said the right things about climate change -- and has taken some positive steps. But we're drilling for more oil and digging up more carbon than ever. If you want to understand how people will remember the Obama climate legacy, a few facts tell the tale: By the time Obama leaves office, the US will pass Saudi Arabia as the planet's biggest oil producer and Russia as the world's biggest producer of oil and gas combined.

In Defense of the Environment, Putting Poverty to the Sword
(United Nations Environment Program Executive Director Klaus Toepfer (1998-2006))

Commentary: "One can easily clean up the language of war -- "collateral damage, friendly fire, smart bombs" -- but cleaning up the environmental consequences is a far tougher task. Undoubtedly it is the loss of human life, the suffering of those made homeless and hungry that must be our primary, first, concern. But all too often the impact on the Earth's life support systems is ignored, and ignored I, would suggest, at our peril."

The Shutdown in Perspective: Spying Continued; Services for Needy Children Cut
(Mattea Kramer and Jo Comerford / TomDispatch )

On the eve of the shutdown to exhaust any remaining cash from the closing fiscal year, the Pentagon went on a jaw-dropping $5 billion spending spree -- buying spy satellites, drones, infrared cameras and a $9 million sparkling new gym for the Air Force Academy, replete with CrossFit space and a "television studio." At the same time, Washington was cutting funds for "nonessential" programs like care for newborns, food for undernourished children, support for schools, hospitals, and single mothers.

Carbon Pollution Is Reshaping the Planet, Posing Greatest Danger to Global Security
(Stephen Leahy / Inter Press Service & George Monbiot / The Guardian)

This is a catastrophe we are capable of foreseeing but incapable of imagining. It's a catastrophe we are singularly ill-equipped to prevent. Denial is only part of the problem. More significant is the behavior of powerful people who claim to accept the evidence. The only effective means of preventing climate breakdown is to leave fossil fuels in the ground. It doesn't matter how many windmills or solar panels you build if you don't retire fossil fuels.

How a Regional Nuclear War Can Spur Climate Change, Famines Around the World
(Robert Kazel / Waging Peace )

Scientists have long know that a "nuclear winter" triggered by a global nuclear war could theoretically cause major climate change and create famines across the entire globe. But it is now clear that the exchange of a hundred atomic bombs by could cause long-term, global effects that would put not just one region, but the entire planet at peril. The lesson is clear -- and horrific: There is no such thing as a strictly "regional" nuclear conflict.

A Plea for Caution From Russia
(Vladimir V. Putin / New York Times Op-ed )

Commentary: "Recent events surrounding Syria have prompted me to speak directly to the American people and their political leaders.... The potential strike by the United States against Syria, despite strong opposition from many countries and major political and religious leaders, including the pope, will result in more innocent victims and escalation, potentially spreading the conflict far beyond Syria's borders."

Assad Warns of 'Chaos' in Middle East Should US Launch Military Strikes
(Al Jazeera America)

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has warned that the Middle East could "explode" if the US targets Syria for a military strike. His warning came as the White House pushed legislators to approve a military strike over an alleged chemical weapons attack inside Syria. "You can't only talk about what the Syrian response will be, but what could happen after a first strike. And no one knows what would happen. Everyone will lose control of the situation when the powder keg explodes."

World at Risk: A Call to Action from the World's Scientists
(A Statement by World Scientists)

Life on Earth is threatened by war, pollution, climate change and population growth. A remarkable statement signed by 520 global scientists from 44 countries is calling for serious and immediate changesto halt destructive technologies, economic systems and human behavior. The signers include Nobel Laureates, members of the US National Academy of Sciences, members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and members of European scientific academies.

An Earth Day Gift: Polluters Take EPA to Supreme Court
(SustainableBusiness.com News )

As an Earth Day gift, an array of special interests are going after the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) yet again, this time to the Supreme Court. They really, really don't want the EPA to be able to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. Even though in December, their plea was rejected for the third time by the US Court of Appeals.

Iraq, Afghanistan Wars Will Cost US 4-6 Trillion Dollars: Report
(Jim Lobe / IPS News )

Costs to US taxpayers of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan will run between four and six trillion dollars, making them the most expensive conflicts in US history. While Washington has already spent close to two trillion dollars in direct costs related to its military campaigns in the two countries, that total "represents only a fraction of the total war costs", according to the report by former Bill Clinton administration official Linda Bilmes.

Thoughts on Nuclear Power and Nuclear Weapons
(Karl Grossman / Enformable & Sam Osborn / USC Annenberg & The Big Picture/ Russia Today)

With the second anniversary of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, with North Korea having threatened a "pre-emptive nuclear attack" against the United States and a US senator saying this would result in "suicide" for North Korea, with Iran suspected of moving to build nuclear weapons, with the continuing spread of nuclear technology globally, the future looks precarious as to humankind and the atom. Can humanity at this rate make it through the 21st Century?

Iraq + 10: Time for Truth and Reconciliation
(Hon. Dennis J. Kucinich/ US House of Representatives)

We attacked a nation which did not have weapons of mass destruction. We visited upon the people of Iraq the equivalent of one 9/11 a day for a year and with it the irretrievable rending of families -- ripping apart Iraqi society in a war which soon became so remote to the US population that it was finished off by unmanned vehicles. The mission that was "accomplished" was wanton destruction, ecocide, alienation, statecraft puppetry -- and for what?

Cost of the Bush-Cheney War on Iraq: More than $2 Trillion; More than 176,000 Killed
(Daniel Trotta / Reuters & Costs of War / The Watson Institute)

According to a recently released study, the US war in Iraq has cost $1.7 trillion with an additional $490 billion in benefits owed to war veterans -- expenses that could grow to more than $6 trillion over the next four decades counting interest. The US invasion has been resulted in the estimated deaths of at least 134,000 Iraqi civilians. When security forces, insurgents, journalists and humanitarian workers were included, the war's death toll rose to an estimated 176,000 to 189,000.

Radiant Wildlands: From Chernobyl to Fukushima
(Winifred Bird and Jane Braxton Little / Earth Island Journal )

Flitting about the meadows of Fukushima Prefecture, the satin wings of the pale grass blue butterflies shimmered as they moved among the notched leaves of wood sorrel and feathery pampas grass. When Joji Otaki began looking closely at the delicate insects the size of a silver dollar, however, he was struck by abnormal patterns in the dark dots on their wings. Then he noticed dents in their eyes and strangely shaped wings and legs.

The January 29 Coincidence: Martial Law in Arkansas, Helicopters and Gunfire over Miami and Houston
(Natasha Lennard / Salon.com & Disclose TruthTV & SlashDot.org & WSVN News & The Miami Herald & The Blaze & KTRK-TV )

The mayor and police chief of an Arkansas town announced that police in SWAT gear and carrying AR-15s would be patrol city streets. Meanwhile, in Miami, black helicopters strafing highways with blank rounds near the Adrian Arts center. In Houston, military-style choppers were roaming the skies as armed men in fatigues -- bearing "a lot of firearms" and what many believed were real live rounds -- patrolled the ground. The Army did not give any details on its "military exercise."

How Much Does Washington Spend on 'Defense'?
(Tom Engelhardt, Chris Hellman and Mattea Kramer / TomDispatch )

Here is a simple question that no one bothers to ask, much less answer: How much are we spending on national security these days? With major wars winding down, has Washington already cut such spending so close to the bone that further reductions would be perilous to our safety? In fact, with projected cuts added in, the national security budget in fiscal 2013 will be nearly $1 trillion.

Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libyan Wars and the California Tradeoffs
(Ralph E. Stone / The Daily Planet)

The United States national debt exceeds $14 trillion and is climbing. Nearly 14 million Americans are unemployed, about 2.2 million in California. Americans continue to lose homes to foreclosure. Public health, education, social services, and police and fire departments are facing cutbacks. Yet, we can spend more than $1 trillion dollars in wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya.

The Stench of American Hypocrisy
(Paul Craig Roberts / Op-ed News)

Commentary: "Ten years of rule by the Bush and Obama regimes have seen the collapse of the rule of law in the United States. Is the American media covering this ominous and extraordinary story? No.... the US claims to be a government of laws, not of men, but when the executive branch violates the laws that constrain it, those responsible are not held accountable."

Washington's Claim that a Nuclear Attack on Iran Would Be 'Harmless to Civilians' Ignores Reality
(Carl Sagan (January 1, 1983) / Global Research)

Commentary: "In the light of recent statements of both President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, that 'all options are on the table' with regard to the use of nuclear weapons against Iran and that these weapons are, 'harmless to civilians,' we are publishing Carl Sagan's in-depth analysis on the implications of a nuclear war."

EAW Covers Six of Top 25 Project Censored Stories
(Project Censored & Environmentalists Against War)

EAW salutes the winners of the latest Project Censored Awards. We are pleased to note that EAW covered six of the Top 25 Most Censored Stories.

PrivateCorporations Profit from the Occupation of Palestine
(Project Censored, et al.)

An extensive, on-going grassroots investigation, which exposes hundreds of international companies and corporations involved in the occupation, is being conducted and posted online. The project currently focuses on three main areas of corporate involvement in the occupation: the settlement industry, economic exploitation, and control of the population.

What You Will Not Hear About Iraq
(Prof. Adil E. Shamoo / Foreign Policy In Focus & Global Research)

Iraq has between 25 and 50 percent unemployment, a dysfunctional parliament, rampant disease, an epidemic of mental illness, and sprawling slums. The killing of innocent people has become part of daily life. What a havoc the United States has wreaked in Iraq.

War and the Environment
(Peace Pledge Union)

Images of Devastated battlefields are all too familiar. The ploughs in Flanders fields still turn up human bones every year. But twentieth century technology, busily applied to the practice of war, has ensured a more lethal harvest. For example, landmines.

Osama bin Laden and Environmental Jihad
(Micah M. White / Adbusters Magazine)

In January 2010, as the war against terrorism dragged into its ninth year, Osama bin Laden, the ideological leader of the mujahideen issued a statement that could have been drafted by any Western environmentalist: "Talk of climate change isn't extravagant speculation: It is a tangible fact that is not diminished by its being muddled by some greedy heads of major corporations."

Osama bin Laden on "The Way to Save the Earth"
(As-Sahab Media Foundation & Nefa Foundation)

Commentary: "This is a message to the whole world about those who cause climate change and its dangers -- intentionally or unintentionally -- and what we must do. Talk of climate change isn't extravagant speculation: it is a tangible fact which is not diminished by its being muddled by some greedy heads of major corporations. The effects of global warming have spread to all continents of the world."

The Global Economic Crisis, The Great Depression of the XXI Century
(Michel Chossudovsky and Andrew Gavin Marshall / Global Research Publishers)

In all major regions of the world, the economic recession is deep-seated, resulting in mass unemployment, the collapse of state social programs and the impoverishment of millions. The crisis is accompanied by a worldwide process of militarization, a "war without borders" led by the US and its NATO allies. The Pentagon's "long war" is intimately related to the restructuring of the global economy.

Vietnam: War and the Environment
(John Tully / Green Left Weekly)

Vietnam's suffering did not end with the liberation of Saigon in 1975. Perhaps no country since Haiti has come to independence under such adverse conditions -- conditions which included environmental damage on a scale hitherto unseen in warfare. The damage was part of an attrition strategy aimed at driving the peasants into the cities to deprive the National Liberation Front of a population and food base.

Healing the Wounds of War in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam
(Nordic News Network & Vice President Nguyen Thi Binh & Prof. Nguyen Trong Nhan )

In 2002. a summit of international experts met in Sweden to call for major efforts to alleviate long-term environmental and human health consequences of the US war against Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. "We cannot ignore the United States' responsibility to help resolve the war of aggression's long-term effects on the people and the environment."

Environmental Warfare in 10 years
(Diane Francis, Editor at Large / the National Post )

Oil company CEOs and Canadian, US and British government officials attending the Global Business Forum in Banff last September heard a chilling forecast of military clashes if there is an environmental meltdown due to climate change.

Environmental Warfare: How to Wreck the Environment
(Gordon J. F. MacDonald / Reprinted from the book, "Unless Peace Comes" (1968) )

To consider the consequences of environmental modification in struggles among nations, we need to consider the present state of the subject and how postulated developments in the field could lead, ten to fifty years from now, to weapons systems that would use nature in new and perhaps unexpected ways.

At Peoples Climate Summit, Bolivian President Blames Capitalism for Global Warming
(Environmental News Service & IPS & Eduardo Galeano / HCV Analysis)

At the Peoples Climate Summit, attended by delegates from more than 150 countries, Bolivia's President Evo Morales proclimed capitalism to blame for global warming and the accelerated deterioration of the planetary ecosystem in a speech today opening an international conference on climate change and the "rights of Mother Earth."

US Military Programs Strive for Renewable Energy Goals
(PowerGen Worldwide)

The Defense Department has begun a programs to reach a new renewable energy standard, according to "Reenergizing America's Defense," a report released by the Pew Project on National Security, Energy and Climate. The DOD, which uses nearly 80 percent of the government's energy consumption, hopes to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and cut pollution by adopting energy efficiency and clean energy technologies.

The Green Zone: The Environmental Costs of Militarism
(Barry Sanders: Book Excerpt / AK Press )

When we declare war on a foreign nation, we now also declare war on the Earth, on the soil and plants and animals, the water and wind and people, in the most far-reaching and deeply infecting ways. A bomb dropped on Iraq explodes around the world. We have no way of containing the fallout. Technology fails miserably here. War insinuates itself, like an aberrant gene and, left unchecked, has the capacity for destroying the Earths complex and sometimes fragile system.

Pakistan City Centre 'Destroyed'
(BBC World News)

Taliban rebels were driven out of Mingora on Saturday by Pakistan government troops. The scale of the war damage to the main city in the Swat valley has become clear. A BBC correspondent who went to Mingora has reported widespread damage all the buildings and shops in the town square had been completely destroyed. With water, food, electricity and fuel unavailable, the International Red Cross said it was "gravely concerned" by the humanitarian situation in Swat.

Retired Generals Call on Military, Citizens to Step Up to Climate Challenge
(Bill Becker / Solve Climate.com)

Twelve retired admirals and generals who made the national security case for clean energy yesterday put two other important messages in their report. First, the U.S. military must do its part to help the nation shift away from fossil fuels. Second, the American people must get directly involved in protecting the nation from harm.

Please Do Not Return our Antiquities!
(Fatih Abdulsalam / Asssaman.com)

We now have organized criminal gangs specialized in the looting and smuggling of Mesopotamian artifacts. Since the US invasion, these gangs have accumulated power, experience and great wealth. The Baghdad government has no guts to open this file because once it unfolds powerful actors, powerful states and powerful personalities and factions will be exposed too.

Consider the Consequences of Bombing Irans Nuclear Power Plants, and Pray
(Floyd Rudmin / Global Research,)

If the USA or Israel deliberately bomb Iran's nuclear enrichment facilities, radioactive elements would be released into the environment. There would be horrific deaths for families in the immediate vicinity. An estimated 3 million deaths would result in 3 weeks from bombing the enrichment facilities near Esfahan. The fallout would cover Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India and the contamination would last 700 million years. McCain, Clinton and the media seem to think that's not a bad idea.

Military vs. Climate Security
(Miriam Pemberton / Foreign Policy In Focus)

Accepting his Nobel Peace Prize, Al Gore called on the nations of the world to mobilize to avert climate disaster "with a sense of urgency and shared resolve that has previously been seen only when nations have mobilized for war." This report measures in fiscal terms how far our own nation has to go to reach that goal. For the 2008 fiscal year, the government budgeted $647.51 billion for military security. It budgeted $7.37 billion to slow climate change

Global Warming or Conversion of the military-Industrial Complex?
(Bruce K. Gagnon / Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space)

As people like Al Gore and other environmentalists look for solutions, rarely is the Pentagon mentioned as a polluter and a place that we can look to for change if life is to survive on our mother Earth.

The Three-Trillion-Dollar War
(Joseph Stiglitz and Linda Bilmes / Times (UK))

The cost of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts have grown to staggering proportions to become the second most-expensive war in US history. The total costs (to the US alone) are conservatively estimated to top $3 trillion; the expense of the two wars is now costing the US economy $28.5 billion a month.

Iraq Black Hole: The $2-Trillion War
(Craig Lambert / The Harvard Magazine)

Before the US invaded Iraq in 2003, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld put the likely costs at between $50 billion and $60 billion. The Congressional Budget Office now projects Iraq-related expenditures to surpass $500 billion. Independent economics now estimate the illegal invasion will cost Americans "in excess of $2 trillion."

Peacemaking: Practicing at the Intersection of Law and Human Conflict
(Nook by Douglas Noll / Cascadia Publishing)

A critical academic investigation into the roots of peacemaking. Noll's book offers insights about human conflict an provides "an integrated view of why people fight, how they fight, what they fight over and how they can instead make peace, whether in the courtroom or beyond."

UN Report Shows 80 Percent of Iraqi Universities Damaged

A United Nations study reveals that 80 percent of Iraq's educational institutions have been vandalized, looted or otherwise damaged since the US-led invasion in 2003. During the past two years, as many as 48 university professors have been assassinated.

Kyoto Never! Oil Consumption and National Security
(Jamie Weinstein / Cornell Daily Sun / Renew America)

A conservative commentary from a Cornell university columnist notes the connection between the military, oil consumption, pollution and greenhouse gases and warns against adopting the Kyoto greenhouse-gas-reduction treaty because this would allow "pressure groups, both domestic and international, to hamstring US military power."

US 'Rogue Nation' Image Hurts Dollar in Asia
(William Pesek Jr. / Bloomberg News Service)

The Bush administration's unilateralism has angered not just former allies but also the powerful foreign exchange markets. Their message to Washington: "The free ride for the rogue nation is over. No more guns and butter, or wads of foreign cash for a nation deeply enmeshed in the Middle East, heavily indebted at home and seemingly disengaged from the rest of the world."

Iraq log: 1 December 2004
(BBC Online)

What is life like for ordinary Iraqis and others caught up in events? We are publishing a range of accounts here from people inside Iraq about how they, their families and friends live day to day and what the bigger events in the headlines mean to them

A Thousand Fallujahs: Urban Warfare
(Pepe Escobar / Asia Times)

Resorting to attacking entire cities, the US has been caught in a giant spider's web. In Fallujah, Ramadi, Samarra, Latifiyah, Kirkuk, Mosul and even Baghdad, the streets are on fire. Asia Times reports the US now faces "hundreds, thousands of Fallujahs -- the Mesopotamian echo of a thousand Vietnams. The Iraqi resistance has even regained control of a few Baghdad neighborhoods... there are practically no US troops around, even as regular explosions can be heard all over the city."

Weapons Dust Worries Iraqis. US Unconcerned
(Thomas D. Williams / The Hartford Courant)

With Washington refusing to take responsibility for the radioactive contamination of the country, Iraq's provisional government is asking the United Nations for help cleaning up the low-level radioactive, metal dust spread across local battlefields by US and British forces during the Persian Gulf wars.

Uranium Pollution in Iraq Damaging
(Hina Alam / IDS News)

Diane Henshel, an associate professor of public and environmental affairs and co-author of a recent study in Nature, warns that the depleted uranium now present in Iraq's soil, air may cause health issues. In addition, DU is a weapon of mass destruction that also has contaminated US soldiers.

Weapons as Wastes
(Earthwatch / United Nations Environment Programme)

The US alone has over 30,000 tons of chemical weapons whose disposal could cost at least $12 billion. More than 50 ocean and inland lake sites across the US contain explosive items, and harbours and beaches at the site of old battles throughout the world are riddled with unexploded bombs.

The Next World War: Tribes, Cities, Nations, And Ecological Decline
(Roy Woodbridge / University of Toronto Press)

Preoccupied with the war on terrorism, we have lost sight of a more dangerous enemy of social peace and progress the inability of the world's people to access the ecological goods and services they need to maintain and build their societies. By 2025, the combined demands of continued economic growth and the reduction of global poverty will require, annually, the ecological equivalent of three or four Earths.

Corporate Power: The Driving Force behind Washingtons Brutal Foreign Policy
(JK Galbraith / The Guardian)

A former US Ambassador writes: "Civilized life, as it is called, is a great white tower celebrating human achievements, but at the top there is permanently a large black cloud." That cloud is profiteering through war and death. Today powerful corporate managers, in aliance with military and political leaders, have usurped the political system to install an economy that feeds on weapons and devastation. Instead of pursuing social justice and human elevation, this new regime has given "a privileged position to the development of weapons and the threat and reality of war. Mass slaughter has become the ultimate civilized achievement."

Pentagon's Key Findings on Climate Threat
(The Observer)

The Pentagon's alarming report about climate change as the greatest national security issue facing the US and every other nation on Earth continues to reverberate. The London Observer has prepared a short list of the Pentagon's troubling predictions.

War and Weather Threaten Food Security in 23 African Countries.
(United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO))

Armed conflict and extreme weather events are causing mounting deaths in Angola, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Cte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe.

The Environmental Impacts of Various Conflict Zones.
United Nations Environment Programme. (PDF files)

Environmental Legacy in Kuwait. An Environmental Assessment of Kuwait
Seven Years after the Gulf War. Final Report – August 1998.

Green Cross International

The Unfinished War. Environmental Impact: Oil Fires and Spills Leave Dangerous Legacy

Environmental Impact of Conflict Assessment Studies: NA/SA, Europe, Asia, Middle East, Africa
Inventory of Conflict and the Environment.

Environmental Impacts of War - Gulf War, Afghanistan, well fires, depleted uranium, chemical and biological agents.
EMS – Environmental Media Services.

How an Iraq War Might Scar Environment
ABC News.

Vietnam, Afghanistan, health of US military personnel, Russia and more.
Earth Crash, Earth Spirit.

Gulf War Facts
National Gulf War Resources Center

On Oil and War - Talking Points & Key Facts.
The Sustainable Energy and Economy Network.

Gulf environment faces worse threats
BBC News




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